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Streptanthus albidus

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Streptanthus albidus

Streptanthus albidus
ssp. peramoenus in a nursery
Conservation status

Imperiled  (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Streptanthus
Species: S. albidus
Binomial name
Streptanthus albidus
Greene

Streptanthus albidus is a species of flowering plant in the mustard family known by the common name Metcalf Canyon jewelflower.[1][2] It is endemic to California, where it is known only from the Central Coast Ranges and San Francisco Bay Area. It grows in open areas such as grasslands, often on serpentine soils.

Description

It is an annual herb producing an erect, usually branching stem up to a meter tall or slightly taller. There are bristly hairs around the base. The basal leaves are lance-shaped with toothed edges and are borne on winged petioles. Leaves farther up the stem are smaller and narrower, sometimes linear in shape, and toothed or smooth-edged. Flowers occur at intervals along the upper stem. Each has a spherical to urn-shaped calyx of keeled sepals about a centimeter long with curving petals emerging from the tip. The calyx of sepals may be white to purple, depending on subspecies. The fruit is a long, narrow silique which may be 12 centimeters in length.

Subspecies

There are two subspecies, both rare.

  • The rarer of the two, ssp. albidus, is federally listed as an endangered species of the United States. It is endemic to Santa Clara County, where it is known from nine recent occurrences.[3] This subspecies has white or green-tinged sepals.
  • The other subspecies, ssp. peramoenus, the most beautiful jewelflower or uncommon jewelflower, is known from several locations in the Bay Area and several near San Luis Obispo. It has pale to dark purple sepals and purplish petals.

References

  1. ^ "Classification Report _USDA NRCS". 
  2. ^ "Plants Database_Plant Profile _USDA NRCS". 
  3. ^ The Nature Conservancy

External links

  • Jepson Manual Treatment
  • USDA Plants Profile
  • albidusPhoto gallery: ssp.
  • peramoenusPhoto gallery: ssp.



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