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State game bird

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State game bird

This is a list of U.S. state birds as designated by each state's legislature. The selection of state birds began in 1927, when the legislatures for Alabama, Florida, Maine, Missouri, Oregon, Texas and Wyoming selected their state birds. The last state to choose its bird was Arizona in 1973, although the Eastern Bluebird had beaten the American Robin in a statewide survey 42 years previously. Alaska, California, South Dakota, and Pennsylvania permit hunting of their state birds, while Alabama, Georgia, Massachusetts, South Carolina, and Tennessee have designated an additional "state game bird" for hunting. The Northern Cardinal is the state bird of seven states, followed by the Western Meadowlark as the state bird of six states. Several states have state dinosaurs in addition to state birds, similarly to states with both a state insect and butterfly, or state mammal and horse.

Table

State State bird Binomial
nomenclature
Image Year
Alabama Yellowhammer
(state bird)
Colaptes auratus 1927[1]
Wild Turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1980[2]
Alaska Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus 1955[3]
Arizona Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus
brunneicapillus
1973[4]
Arkansas Mockingbird
aka Northern Mockingbird
Mimus polyglottos 1929[5]
California California Quail Callipepla californica 1931[6]
Colorado Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys 1931[7]
Connecticut American Robin Turdus migratorius 1943[8]
Delaware Blue Hen Chicken Gallus gallus 1939[9]
Florida Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1927[10]
Georgia Brown Thrasher (state bird) Toxostoma rufum 1928[11]
Bobwhite Quail (state game bird) Colinus virginianus 1970[12]
Hawaii Nēnē
or Hawaiian Goose
Branta sandvicensis 1957[13]
Idaho Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides 1931[14]
Illinois Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1928[15]
Indiana Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1933[16]
Iowa Eastern Goldfinch
aka American Goldfinch
Carduelis tristis 1933[17]
Kansas Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1933[18]
Kentucky Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1942[19]
Louisiana Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis 1966[20]
Maine Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapilla 1927[21]
Maryland Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula 1947[22]
Massachusetts Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapilla 200px 1941[23]
Wild Turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1991[24]
Michigan American Robin Turdus migratorius 1931[25]
Minnesota Common Loon Gavia immer 1961[26]
Mississippi Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1944[27]
Wood duck
(state waterfowl)
Aix sponsa 1974[28]
Missouri Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis 1927[29]
Montana Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1941[30]
Nebraska Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1929[31]
Nevada Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides 1967[32]
New Hampshire Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus 1957[33]
New Jersey Eastern Goldfinch Carduelis tristis 1935[34]
New Mexico Roadrunner
aka Greater Roadrunner
Geococcyx californianus 1949[35]
New York Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis 1970[36]
North Carolina Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1943[37]
North Dakota Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1970[38]
Ohio Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1933[39]
Oklahoma Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus 1951[40]
Oregon Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1927[41]
Pennsylvania Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus 1931[42]
Rhode Island Rhode Island Red Chicken Gallus gallus 1954[43]
South Carolina Northern Mockingbird
(former state bird)
Mimus polyglottos 1939 -
1948[44]
Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus 1948[44]
Wild Turkey
(state wild game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1976[45]
South Dakota Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1943[46]
Tennessee Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1933[47]
Bobwhite Quail
(state wild game bird)
Colinus virginianus 1987[48]
Texas Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1927[49]
Utah California Gull Larus californicus 1955[50]
Vermont Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus 1941[51]
Virginia Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1950[52]
Washington Willow Goldfinch
aka American Goldfinch
Carduelis tristis 1951[53]
West Virginia Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1949[54]
Wisconsin American Robin Turdus migratorius 1949[55]
Wyoming Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1927[56]
D.C. & U.S. Territories State bird Binomial
nomenclature
Image Year
District of Columbia Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina 1938[57]
Guam Guam Rail Gallirallus owstoni  ?
Northern Mariana Islands Mariana Fruit-dove Ptilinopus roseicapilla  ?
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Spindalis Spindalis portoricensis  ?
U.S. Virgin Islands Bananaquit Coereba flaveola 1970

References

External links

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