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Sourav Ganguly

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Title: Sourav Ganguly  
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Subject: Rahul Dravid, Kolkata Knight Riders, Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricket team in England in 2007, 2008 Indian Premier League
Collection: 1972 Births, Acc Asian Xi One Day International Cricketers, Bengal Cricketers, Bengali Cricketers, Bengali People, Cricketers at the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Cricketers at the 2003 Cricket World Cup, Cricketers at the 2007 Cricket World Cup, Cricketers Who Made a Century on Test Debut, East Zone Cricketers, Glamorgan Cricketers, India Green Cricketers, India One Day International Cricketers, India Test Cricket Captains, India Test Cricket Centurions, India Test Cricketers, Indian Cricket Captains, Indian Cricket Commentators, Indian Cricketers, Kolkata Knight Riders Cricketers, Lancashire Cricketers, Living People, Marylebone Cricket Club Cricketers, Northamptonshire Cricketers, People from Kolkata, People from West Bengal, Pune Warriors India Cricketers, Recipients of the Arjuna Award, Recipients of the Padma Shri, St. Xavier's College, Calcutta Alumni, University of Calcutta Alumni, World Cup Cricketers of India
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Sourav Ganguly

Sourav Ganguly
A clean-shaven man wearing glasses stares directly at the camera. He is wearing a black suit and a gold tie. The man's right arm is facing the camera. The arm has a small picture of a helmet engulfed with fire.
Ganguly in 2010
Personal information
Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly
Born (1972-07-08) 8 July 1972
Behala, Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Nickname The Prince of Calcutta, The Maharaja, The God of the Off Side, Dada, The Warrior Prince
Height 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Batting style Left-handed
Bowling style Right arm medium
Role Batsman
Relations Snehasish Ganguly (brother), Dona Ganguly (wife) (m.1997)
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 207) 20 June 1996 v England
Last Test 6 November 2008 v Australia
ODI debut (cap 84) 11 January 1992 v West Indies
Last ODI 15 November 2007 v Pakistan
Domestic team information
Years Team
1990–2010 Bengal
2000 Lancashire
2005 Glamorgan
2006 Northamptonshire
2008–10 Kolkata Knight Riders
2011–2012 Pune Warriors India
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 113 311 254 437
Runs scored 7,212 11,363 15,687 15,622
Batting average 42.17 41.02 44.18 41.32
100s/50s 16/35 22/72 33/89 31/97
Top score 239 183 239 183
Balls bowled 3,117 4,561 11,108 8,199
Wickets 32 100 167 171
Bowling average 52.53 38.49 36.52 38.86
5 wickets in innings 0 2 4 2
10 wickets in match 0 n/a 0 n/a
Best bowling 3/28 5/16 6/46 5/16
Catches/stumpings 71/– 100/– 168/– 131/–
Source: Cricinfo, 2 January 2013

Sourav Chandidas Ganguly (   ; born 8 July 1972), affectionately known as Dada (meaning elder brother) is a former Indian cricketer and captain of the Indian national team. Currently, he is appointed as the honourable President of the Cricket Association of Bengal[1] and President of the Editorial Board with Wisden India.[2] Born into an affluent family, Ganguly was introduced into the world of cricket by his elder brother Snehasish. He is regarded as one of India's most successful captains in modern times.[3] He started his career by playing in state and school teams. Currently, he is the 5th highest run scorer in One Day Internationals (ODIs) and was the 3rd person in history to cross the 10,000 run landmark, after Sachin Tendulkar and Inzamam Ul Haq. In 2002, the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack ranked him the sixth greatest ODI batsman of all time, next to Viv Richards, Sachin Tendulkar, Brian Lara, Dean Jones and Michael Bevan.[4]

After playing in different Indian domestic tournaments, such as the Ranji and Duleep trophies, Ganguly got his big-break while playing for India on their tour of England. He scored 131 runs and cemented his place in the Indian team. Ganguly's place in the team was assured after successful performances in series against Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Australia, winning the Man of the Match awards. In the 1999 Cricket World Cup, he was involved in a partnership of 318 runs with Rahul Dravid, which remains the highest overall partnership score in the World Cup tournament history. Due to the match-fixing scandals in 2000 by other players of the team, and for his poor health, Indian captain Sachin Tendulkar resigned his position, and Ganguly was made the captain of the Indian cricket team. He was soon the subject of media criticism after an unsuccessful stint for county side Durham and for taking off his shirt in the final of the 2002 NatWest Series. He led India into the 2003 World Cup final, where they were defeated by Australia. Due to a decrease in individual performance, he was dropped from the team in the following year. Ganguly was awarded the Padma Shri in 2004, one of India's highest civilian awards.[5] He returned to the National team in 2006, and made successful batting displays. Around this time, he became involved in a dispute with Indian team coach Greg Chappell over several misunderstandings. Ganguly was again dropped from the team, however he was selected to play in the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

Ganguly joined the Kolkata Knight Riders team as captain for the Indian Premier League Twenty20 cricket tournament in 2008. The same year, after a home Test series against Australia, he announced his retirement from international cricket. He continued to play for the Bengal team and was appointed the chairman of the Cricket Association of Bengal's Cricket Development Committee. The left-handed Ganguly was a prolific One Day International (ODI) batsman, with over 11,000 ODI runs to his credit. He is one of the most successful Indian Test captains to date, winning 21 out of 49 test matches.Sourav Ganguly is the most successful Indian test captain in overseas with 11 wins.[6] Indian team was ranked at eighth position as per ICC rankings before he became the captain and under his tenure the team rank went up to second position. An aggressive captain, Ganguly is credited with having nurtured the careers of many young players who played under him, and transforming the Indian team into an aggressive fighting unit.

Along with Harshavardhan Neotia, Sanjiv Goenka, Utsav Parekh, and Spanish La Liga side Atlético de Madrid, Ganguly is also a co-owner of Atlético de Kolkata, a franchise of the Indian Super League, which won the inaugural season in 2014.[7]

He was awarded with the Banga Bibhushan Award from the Government of West Bengal on 20 May 2013.[8]

Sourav is currently a part of the Supreme Court of India appointed Justice Mudgal Committee probe panel for the IPL Spot fixing and betting scandal's investigations.[9]

He is currently holding the post of the member of the Indian Premier League governing council.


  • Biography 1
    • 1972–1989: Early life and introduction to cricket 1.1
    • 1990–96: Career beginning and debut success 1.2
    • 1997–99: Marriage, Opening in ODIs and World Cup '99 1.3
    • 2000–05: Ascension to captaincy and accolades 1.4
    • 2006–07: Comeback and rift with Greg Chappell 1.5
    • 2008–present: International retirement and the Indian Premier League 1.6
  • Playing style and influences 2
  • Legacy 3
  • Captaincy record 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


1972–1989: Early life and introduction to cricket

Sourav Ganguly was born on 8 July 1972 in Calcutta, and is the youngest son of Chandidas and Nirupa Ganguly.[10][11] Chandidas ran a flourishing print business and was one of the richest men in the city.[12] Ganguly had a luxurious childhood and was nicknamed the 'Maharaja', meaning the 'Great King'. Ganguly's father Chandidas Ganguly died at the age of 73 on 21 February 2013 after a long illness.[13]

Since the favourite sport for the people of Calcutta was the game of football, Ganguly was initially attracted to the game. However, academics came in-between his love for sports and Nirupa was not very supportive of Ganguly taking up cricket or any other sport as a career.[14][15] By then, his elder brother Snehasish was already an established cricketer for the Bengal cricket team. He supported Ganguly's dream to be a cricketer and asked their father to get Ganguly enrolled in a cricket coaching camp during his summer holidays. Ganguly was studying in tenth grade at that time.[16]

Despite being right-handed, Ganguly learnt to bat left-handed so he could use his brother's sporting equipment.[14] After he showed some promise as a batsman, he was enrolled in a cricket academy. An indoor multi-gym and concrete wicket was built at their home, so he and Snehasish could practice the game. They used to watch a number of old cricket match videos, especially the games played by

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Sachin Tendulkar
Indian Test captains
Succeeded by
Rahul Dravid
Preceded by
Sachin Tendulkar
Indian One-Day captains
Succeeded by
Rahul Dravid
Preceded by
Position started
Kolkata Knight Riders captain
Succeeded by
Brendon McCullum
Preceded by
Brendon McCullum
Kolkata Knight Riders captain
Succeeded by
Gautam Gambhir
Preceded by
Yuvraj Singh
Pune Warriors India captain
Succeeded by
Angelo Mathews
  • Player profile: Sourav Ganguly from ESPNcricinfo
  • Sourav Ganguly on Twitter
  • Cumulative Career Averages
  • Fastest To Reach Multiples
  • Sourav Ganguly News Articles
  • Batting series' averages

External links

  • Bose, Mihir (2006). "The magic of Indian cricket: cricket and society in India".  
  • Daityari, Amrita (2003). "Sourav Ganguly: the fire within".  
  • Datta, Debashish (2007). "Sourav Ganguly, the maharaja of cricket". Niyogi Books.  
  • Dubey, Abhishek (2006). "Dressing Room". Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd.  
  • Engel, Matthew (2006). "Wisden Cricketers' Almanack". John Wisden & Co Ltd.  
  • Gilchrist, Adam (2008). "True Colours". Pan Macmillian Australia.  
  • Kavoori, Anandam P. (2009). "The logics of globalization: studies in international communication".  
  • Mandhani, Pradeep (2008). "Cricket World Cup '99 frozen".  
  • Tiwari, Vinod (2005). "Sourav Ganguly". Manoj Publications.  
  • Waugh, Steve (2001). "Ashes Diary 2001". HarperCollinsPublishers.  


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See also

Career summary as Captain in One Day Internationals
Venue Span Matches Runs HS Bat Avg 100 Wkts BBI Bowl Avg 5 Ct St
At Home Venues 2000–2005 36 1463 144 43.02 2 16 5/34 30.87 1 14 0[149]
At Away Venues 2000–2005 51 1545 135 32.18 2 15 3/22 39.26 0 23 0[149]
At Neutral Venues 2000–2005 60 2096 141 41.92 7 15 3/32 43.20 0 24 0[149]
TOTAL 2000–2005 147 5104 144 38.66 11 46 5/34 37.63 1 61 0[149]
Captaincy Record in One Day Internationals
Venue Span Matches Won Lost Tied N/R
In India (At Home Venues) 2000–2005 36 18 18 0 0[145]
At Away Venues 2000–2005 51 24 24 0 3[146]
At Neutral Venues 1999–2005 59 34 23 0 2[147]
TOTAL 1999–2005 146 76 65 0 5[148]
Career summary as Captain in Test Matches
Venue Span Matches Runs HS Bat Avg 100 Wkts BBI Bowl Avg 5 Ct St
At Home Venues 2000–2005 21 868 136 29.93 2 3 1/14 78.00 0 24 0[143]
At Away Venues 2000–2005 28 1693 144 43.41 3 2 2/69 193.00 0 13 0[144]
TOTAL 2000–2005 49 2561 144 37.66 5 5 2/69 124.00 0 37 0[143]
Captaincy Record in Test Matches
Venue Span Matches Won Lost Tied Draw
At Home Venues 2000–2005 21 10 3 0 8[140]
At Away Venues 2000–2005 28 11 10 0 7[141]
TOTAL 2000–2005 49 21 13 0 15[142]

Captaincy record

Despite his contributions, his captaincy and coaching methods came under immense scrutiny from the press as well as other scholars. Engel commented that "He seems like aloof to the problems that his mal-decisions are creating. I don't particularly believe that Ganguly has an 'effing knowledge how to lead his team and tries to counter-pose it with instigating limitless, confrontational behaviours within the younger members of it. [One day] the time will come when such shock tactics will cease to work."[138] An article on Cricinfo Magazine pointed out his reckless behaviour. The reporter Rahul Bhattacharya said, "Generally Ganguly fostered angry or reckless young men. To him 'good behaviour', a broad term espoused by the present team management, belonged in school and probably not even there. He himself had been summoned to the match referee no less than 12 times in the last decade. His approach was bound to precipitate what could possibly be termed a cultural conflict in the world of modern sport. For Ganguly, like for Arjuna Ranatunga, competitiveness involved brinksmanship rather than training. As far as they were concerned Australia were not to be aspired to. They were simply to be toppled. England were not to be appeased. Victory lay precisely in their disapproval. In other words, Ganguly and Ranatunga wanted to do things their way."[139]

Bose commented that Ganguly's greatest legacy lay in his influence on the younger and budding generation of cricketers. Ganguly felt that every young player should play two years of domestic cricket before being selected for international assignments. He also said that every newcomer should be given at least five games to prove himself.[135][136] Later he explained that being at the receiving end of an unfair decision against him, that threatened to ruin his international cricket career, it enabled him to understand the insecurities of other newcomers in the team better than his predecessors. Ganguly had always backed the influence and contribution of younger players of the team.[137]

"[We] were able to change the face of Indian cricket. That's what I'm proud of, because I think we made a huge difference. People used to think that we would simply roll over when playing out of India, but we changed the image. [...] [The team wouldn't take any crap from any opposition] Absolutely, and that came from self-belief that, that we had the ability to do well outside India."[134]

Ganguly believed that his legacy as a captain was that he was able to build a proper Indian team. He added,

Author Mihir Bose, in his book, The magic of Indian cricket: cricket and society in India. commented that "The cricket world had gotten too used to the stereotype of the meek Indian cricketer. All that has changed under Ganguly, perhaps for the better."[132] He credits Ganguly for not being shy of taking on responsibility. "He showed that he can be a leader of a team, which has greats like Sachin and Dravid in the side, without any problems. Under Ganguly's leadership, India started winning matches and tournaments, previously lacking from the team considerably."[132] Within a few years of his captaincy, Ganguly rewrote the rules of being a captain of a cricket team. Unlike some of his predecessors, Ganguly was considered impartial, non-parochial, and forever pushed his players to perform better. Off the field, his interactions with the media, his fans, and detractors were uncompromisingly honest and earned him the respect of cricket followers everywhere. However, along with this respect came the criticisms. Ganguly was condemned as a hot-tempered man who refused to listen to other's opinions and abided by his own rules and regulations.[132] Matthew Engel, ICC sport critic, noted that this "turning deaf" to other's opinions would one day harm Ganguly and that it was sheer luck that he existed on the sporting world.[133]

A group of men standing, wearing black T-shirts and blue faded jeans. All of them are looking to the left of the image. The backdrop has alternate black and green boxes.
Ganguly with the young cricketers of the Kolkata Knight Riders team during IPL 2009.

Statistics about Ganguly show that he was the seventh Indian cricketer to have played 100 Test matches,[124] the 4th highest overall run scorer for India in Tests,[125] and the fourth Indian to have played in more than 300 ODIs.[126] In terms of overall runs scored in ODIs, Ganguly is the second among Indians after Sachin Tendulkar (who has the most ODI runs) and the eighth overall.[127] He has scored 16 centuries in Test matches and 22 in ODIs. He is also one of only ten batsmen to score more than 10,000 runs in ODIs.[128] Along with Tendulkar, Ganguly has formed the most successful opening pair in One Day Cricket, having amassed the highest number of century partnerships (26) for the first wicket. Together, they have scored more than 7000 runs at an average of 48.98, and hold the world record for creating most number of 50-run partnership in the first wicket (44 fifties).[129] Ganguly became the fourth player to cross 11,000 ODI runs, and was the fastest player to do so in ODI cricket, after Tendulkar.[130] As of 2006, he is the only Indian captain to win a Test series in Pakistan (although two of the three Tests of that series was led by Rahul Dravid). He is also one of the five players in the world to achieve amazing treble of 10,000 runs, 100 wickets and 100 catches in ODI cricket history, the others being Tendulkar, Kallis, Sanath Jayasuriya and Tillakaratne Dilshan.[131]

Author Pradeep Mandhani commented that in his tenure between 2000 and 2005, Ganguly became India's most successful Test captain. He led his team to victory on 21 occasions – seven times more than Mohammad Azharuddin with the second most wins—and led them for a record 49 matches—twice more than both Azharuddin and Sunil Gavaskar.[120][121] Compared to his batting average of 45.47 when not captain,[122] Ganguly's Test batting average as captain was a lower 37.66.[123]

Centuries against different nations
Opposition Test ODI
 Sri Lanka 3 4
 New Zealand 3 3
 Zimbabwe 2 3
 England 3 1
 Pakistan 2 2
 Australia 2 1
 South Africa 0 3
 Bangladesh 1 1
 Kenya 0 3
 Namibia 0 1
16 22
A graph showing a number of lines going up and down in pink. A single blue line intersects it in-between.
An innings-by-innings breakdown of Ganguly's Test match batting career, showing runs scored (red bars) and the average of the last ten innings (blue line).


Ganguly is a right-arm medium pace bowler. He can swing and seam the ball both ways and often chips in with useful wickets to break partnerships.[10] Vinod Tiwari, author of the biography Sourav Ganguly praised him saying "[d]espite not being very athletic as a fielder, Ganguly has taken 100 catches in one-day Internationals. That's something to be proud of!" However he criticised Ganguly's ground fielding, especially his slowness in intercepting the ball to prevent runs and his tendency to get injured during catching the ball.[119]

Amrita Daityari, author of Sourav Ganguly: the fire within, noted that in ODIs, where Ganguly usually opened the innings, he used to try to take the advantage of fielding restrictions by advancing down the pitch and hitting pace bowlers over extra cover and mid-off. She commented: "Ganguly was notorious for attacking left-arm spin bowlers. Due to excellent eye–hand coordination, he was noted for picking the length of the ball early, coming down the pitch and hitting the ball aerially over mid-on or midwicket, often for a six. However, he did have a weakness in running between the wickets and judging quick singles."[117] There were many instances where Ganguly's batting partner was run out due to Ganguly's calling for a run, and then sending him back while halfway down the pitch. A situation like this happened in an ODI against Australia where he took a single when on 99, but he coasted and did not ground his bat. Although the bat was past the crease, it was in the air and he was consequently run out. Ganguly said, "I love to watch myself hit a cover drive, to watch myself hit a hundred." Ganguly's relationship with former Indian coach John Wright has been well documented in contemporary media, with them denoting the relationship as a "symbiotic process". They credited Wright and Ganguly with bringing out international class performers, through academic, coaching and scientific fitness regimens.[118] According to Dubey, Ganguly and Wright, along with other members of the team like Tendulkar and Dravid, were the first to understand the importance of a foreign coach for the Indian cricket team and was convinced that the domestic coach has outlived its utility. Ganguly's aggressive style and Wright's importance on fitness ushered in the development of a better cricket team for India.[118]

Ganguly commented that David Gower was the first cricketer to attract him to the game. He loved Gower's style and used to watch old videos of him playing.[112] Other cricketers who had an influence on him are: David Boon, Mohinder Amarnath, Kapil Dev and Allan Border.[113] Ganguly is a left-handed batsman whose runs came primarily from the off-side. Debashish Dutta, author of Sourav Ganguly, the maharaja of cricket, commented that throughout his career, "Ganguly played off-side shots such as the square cut, square drive and cover drive with complete command."[114] Rahul Dravid has called Ganguly " to God on the off-side." He used to hit powerful shots to the off-side on front and back foot with equal ease. However, early in his career he was not comfortable with the hook and pull, often giving his wicket away with mistiming such shots. He was also criticised for having difficulty in handling short bouncers, notoriously exploited by the Australians and South Africans.[115] However, after his comeback in 2007, he worked upon these weaknesses to a large extent.[116]

A cricket match being held. The batsman hits the ball and the other players try to catch it. The green field and the audience are visible in the far.
Ganguly in action on the field.

Playing style and influences

In the third season of the IPL, Ganguly was once again given the captaincy of KKR, after the team ended at the bottom in the second season. The coach John Buchanan was replaced by Dav Whatmore.[105] In 40 matches and 38 innings for KKR Ganguly scored 1,031 runs and took eight wickets.[106][107] In the fourth season of the IPL he was signed by the Pune Warriors India, after being unsold in initial bidding process and he made 50 runs of four matches and three innings.[108][109] In the 2012 season he has been appointed as the Captain cum mentor for Pune Warriors India. On 29 October 2012, he announced that he has decided not to play in next year's IPL and to retire from the game.[110][111]

In May 2009, Ganguly was removed from the captaincy of the KKR for the 2009 season of the IPL, and was replaced by McCullum. The decision was questioned by media and other players of the team, when KKR finished at the bottom of the ranking table with three wins and ten losses.[100] After that, television channel Zee Bangla appointed him as the host of the reality quiz show titled Dadagiri Unlimited. It presented participants from the 19 districts of West Bengal, who had to answer questions posed by Ganguly.[101] By August, he was appointed the chairman of CAB's Cricket Development Committee. The job of the committee is to receive a report from the selectors at the end of every cricket season, assess the accountability of the selectors and make necessary recommendations.[102] He played for the Ranji cup in the Bengal team in October 2009.[103] Ganguly scored 110 in the match against Delhi and was involved in a partnership of 222 runs with Wriddhiman Saha.[104]

On 7 July 2008, media reported that Ganguly was being projected as a candidate for the post of President of the Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB) against his former mentor Jagmohan Dalmiya. Reports also suggested that he could run for the post of BCCI President in 2014 as East Zone's representative. Ganguly himself did not deny the reports and did not rule out any such move.[92][93] The same year in October, Ganguly announced that the Test series against Australia starting in October 2008 would be his last and stated "[t]o be honest, I didn't expect to be picked for this series. Before coming here, [at the conference] I spoke to my team-mates and hopefully I will go out with a winning knock."[94] Ganguly played in every game of the four-Test series and amassed 324 runs at an average of 54.00.[95][96] While playing the second Test match of the series in Mohali, Ganguly scored his final test century. In the final test match he played at Nagpur against Australia he scored 85 and 0 in his first and second innings respectively.[97] In the Fourth and final Test, with India needing one wicket to secure a victory, the Indian captain, Mahendra Singh Dhoni, invited Ganguly to lead the side in the field for the final time. India regained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy, winning the series 2–0.[98][99]

In February 2008, Ganguly joined as the captain of Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) team, owned by Bollywood actor Shahrukh Khan, as part of the Indian Premier League (IPL).[89] On 18 April 2008, Ganguly led the KKR, in the IPL Twenty20 cricket match. They had a 140 run victory over Bangalore Royal Challengers (captained by Rahul Dravid and owned by Vijay Mallya). Ganguly opened the innings with Brendan McCullum and scored 10 runs while McCullum remained unbeaten, scoring 158 runs in 73 balls.[90] On 1 May, in a game between the Knight Riders and the Rajasthan Royals, Ganguly made his second T20 half century, scoring 51 runs off of 39 balls at a strike rate of 130.76. In his innings, Ganguly hit four 4s and two sixes, topping the scorers list for the Knight Riders.[91]

Two middle-aged males and one female standing. The man in the middle wears a black suit and carries a golden coloured casket. The other man to his right wears a black suit and speaks in a microphone. The lady on the left wears a white shirt and black skirt. Her hair is brownish and falls in locks around her.
Ganguly with the symbol of the Kolkata Knight Riders, flanked by Shahrukh Khan on the right and Gauri Khan on the left.

2008–present: International retirement and the Indian Premier League

Ganguly was allotted a place in the official team for the 2007 Cricket World Cup.[82] He was the leading scorer for India in their first round defeat against Bangladesh.[83] After India were knocked out of the tournament in the group stage, there were reports of a rift between certain members of the Indian team and Chappell. Ganguly was alleged to have ignored instructions from the team management to score quickly.[84] After Tendulkar issued a statement saying that what hurt the team most was that "the coach has questioned our attitude", Chappell decided not to renew his contract with the Indian team and left his post as coach, citing "family and personal reasons".[85] On 12 December 2007, Ganguly scored his maiden double century of his career while playing against Pakistan. He scored 239 runs in the first innings of the third and final Test match of the series. He was involved in a 300  run partnership for the fifth wicket with Yuvraj Singh.[86] Ganguly remained prolific in both Test and ODI cricket in the year 2007. He scored 1106 Test runs at an average of 61.44 (with three centuries and four fifties) in 2007 to become the second highest run-scorer in Test matches of that year after Jacques Kallis.[87] He was also the fifth highest run-scorer in 2007 in ODIs, where he scored 1240 runs at an average of 44.28.[88]

Following India's poor batting display in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy[67] and the ODI series in South Africa, in which they were whitewashed 4–0,[68] Ganguly made his comeback to the Test team.[69] Wasim Jaffer, Zaheer Khan and Anil Kumble had earlier been selected for the one-day squad, despite their recent poor performances.[70] Many saw this as an indictment of coach Greg Chappell's youth-first policy.[71] Coming in at 37/4, Ganguly scored 83 in a tour match against the rest of South Africa, modifying his original batting style and taking a middle-stump guard,[72] resulting in India winning the match.[73] During his first Test innings since his comeback, against South Africa in Johannesburg his score of 51 helped India to victory, marking the first Test match win for the team in South Africa.[74][75] Though India lost the series, Ganguly accumulated the most runs on the scoring chart.[76] After his successful Test comeback he was recalled for the ODI team, as India played host to West Indies[77] and Sri Lanka[78] in back to back ODI tournaments. In his first ODI innings in almost two years,[79] he scored a matchwinning 98.[80] He performed well in both series, averaging almost 70[79] and won the Man of the Series Award against Sri Lanka.[81]

Ganguly, Chappell and the Indian team manager for the Zimbabwe tour, Amitabh Choudhary, were asked to appear before the BCCI committee, where it was reported that assurance of working together was given by them. Consequently, due to his poor form and differences with the coach, Ganguly was dropped as the captain of the team, with Dravid taking his place.[65] Chandresh Narayan, chief correspondent for The Times of India, commented that "The row with Greg Chappell just added to the mystery, but he was going through a really bad patch then, his only score [of note] was a hundred against Zimbabwe and that didn't count for much."[19] Ten months later, during India's tour to South Africa, Ganguly was recalled after his middle order replacements Suresh Raina and Mohammad Kaif suffered poor form.[66]

Ganguly's results in international matches[62]
  Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied No result
Test[63] 113 37 35 41 0
ODI[64] 311 149 145 - 1 16
"In view of the decision that cricket is to go forward, both the coach and the captain have been asked to work out a mutual and professional working relationship. For this, performance will be the criteria, applicable to captain, coach and players. [...] Of course the captain controls the game, the coach does his own job. Mutual trust is important. Henceforth no player/captain/coach will write or have any interaction with the media. Going to the media will lead to disciplinary action."

In September 2005, Greg Chappell became the coach of India for the tour of Zimbabwe. Ganguly's dispute with him resulted in many headlines. Chappell had emailed the Board of Control for Cricket in India, stating that Ganguly was "physically and mentally" unfit to lead India and that his "divide and rule" behaviour was damaging the team.[19] This email was leaked to the media and resulted in huge backlash from Ganguly's fans. Ganguly had enlisted the support from the Indian media and eventually the board had to intervene and order a truce between the pair.[19] BCCI president Ranbir Singh Mahendra issued a statement that,

A middle-aged man signing on cricket bats. He wears a white T-shirt and a navy blue cap. A number of people are visible, who surround him.
Ganguly signing autographs outside his residence.

2006–07: Comeback and rift with Greg Chappell

Following indifferent form in 2004 and poor form in 2005, he was dropped from the team in October 2005.[59] Having been nominated and rejected in 2000, when the game suffered a tarnished reputation due to match fixing scandals,[42] the captaincy was passed to Dravid, his former deputy. Ganguly decided against retiring and attempted to make a comeback to the team.[19] Ganguly was awarded the Padma Shri in 2004, India's fourth highest civilian award, in recognition of his distinguished contribution in the field of sports. He was presented with the award on 30 June 2004, by then President of India, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.[60][61]

By 2004, he had achieved significant success as captain and was deemed as India's most successful cricket captain by sections of the media. However, his individual performance deteriorated during his captaincy reign, especially after the World Cup, the tour of Australia in 2003 and the Pakistan series in 2004.[56][57] In 2004, Australia won a Test series in India for the first time since 1969. It was speculated that Ganguly was in disagreement with the head of cricket in Nagpur over the type of pitch to be used for the Third Test. The groundsmen went against Ganguly, leaving a large amount of grass on the pitch. Some experts indicated that the reason for this was for "spite or revenge" against the Indian captain. When Australia's stand-in-captain, Adam Gilchrist, went to the toss, he noticed Rahul Dravid was waiting instead of Ganguly, leaving him to ask Dravid where Ganguly was. Dravid could not give a definitive answer, saying: "Oh, who knows?"[46][58]

"Sourav is the sole reason I am a cricket lover"

Baichung Bhutia on Sourav Ganguly
Shirt swayed by Sourav Ganguly

His Lancashire teammate Andrew Flintoff thought him to be aloof and compared his attitude to that of Prince Charles.[17] In Australia's three Test and five match ODI tour of India in early 2001, Ganguly caused controversy by arriving late for the toss on four occasions, something that agitated opposing captain Steve Waugh.[46] In the Fourth ODI, he caused further controversy by failing to wear his playing attire to the toss, something considered unusual in cricket circles.[47] However, India won the Test series 2–1, ending Australia's run of 16 consecutive Test match victories in the Second Test.[48] The match saw India looking set for defeat after conceding a first innings lead of 274. Waugh chose to enforce the follow-on and V. V. S. Laxman (281) and Rahul Dravid (180) batted for the entire fourth day's play to set Australia a target of 384 on a dusty, spinning wicket. The Australians were unable to survive and became only the third team to lose a Test after enforcing the follow-on.[49][50][51] In November 2001, Ganguly's wife Dona gave birth to their daughter Sana Ganguly.[14] During the final match of the 2002 NatWest Series held in Lords after a stunning performance by team mates Yuvraj Singh and Mohammad Kaif, Ganguly took off his shirt in public and brandished it in the air to celebrate India's winning of the match.[52] He was later strongly condemned for tarnishing the "gentleman's game" image of cricket and disrespecting Lord's protocol. Ganguly said that he was only mimicking an act performed by the British all-rounder Andrew Flintoff during a tour of India.[53] In 2003, India reached the World Cup Final for the first time since 1983, where they lost to the Australians.[54] Ganguly had a successful tournament personally, scoring 465 runs at an average of 58.12, including three centuries.[55]

"At the crease it was sometimes uncertain whether his partner was a batsman or a batman being dispatched to take his discarded sweater to the pavilion or carry his kit bag. But mutiny was afoot among the lower orders. In one match Ganguly, after reaching his fifty, raised his bat to the home balcony, only to find it deserted. He did not inspire at Glamorgan or Northamptonshire either. At the latter in 2006 he averaged 4.80 from his four first-class appearances."[45]

In 2000, after the match fixing scandal by some of the players of the team,[42] Ganguly was named the Captain of the Indian cricket team. The decision was spurred due to Tendulkar stepping down from the position for his health, and Ganguly being the vice-captain at that time.[14] He began well as a captain, leading India to a series win over South Africa in the five-match one day series and led the Indian team to the finals of the 2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy.[14] He scored two centuries, including one in the final; however, New Zealand still won by four wickets.[43] The same year, Ganguly tried his hand at county cricket career in England but was not successful.[44] In "The Wisden Cricketer", reviewers Steve Pittard and John Stern called him as "The imperious Indian—dubbed 'Lord Snooty'. They commented:

A blue coloured T-shirt displayed at a store window. The T-shirt has the words
The shirt that Ganguly took off at the final of the NatWest Series, on display at a store in London.

"People will support you,people will criticize you.When you cross that rope everything is about you"

Sourav Ganguly to the media

2000–05: Ascension to captaincy and accolades

Ganguly was part of the Indian team that competed in the 1999 Cricket World Cup in England. During the match against Sri Lanka at Taunton, India chose to bat. After Sadagoppan Ramesh was bowled, Ganguly scored 183 from 158 balls, and hit 17 fours and seven sixes. It became the second highest score in World Cup history and the highest by an Indian in the tournament. His partnership of 318 with Rahul Dravid is the highest overall score in a World Cup and is the second highest in all ODI cricket.[36][37] In 1999–00, India lost Test series to both Australia and South Africa that involved a combined total of five Tests.[38][39] Ganguly struggled scoring 224 runs at 22.40; however his ODI form was impressive, with five centuries over the season taking him to the top of the PwC One Day Ratings for batsmen.[40] Around the same time, allegations came that Ganguly was romantically involved with South Indian actress Nagma, something he denied.[41]

During the final of the Independence Cup at Dhaka in January 1998, India successfully chased down 315 off 48 overs, and Ganguly won the Man of the Match award.[34] In March 1998 he was part of the Indian team that defeated Australia; in Kolkata, he took three wickets having opened the bowling with his medium pace.[35]

Weeks after his successful tour of England, Ganguly eloped with childhood sweetheart Dona Roy. The bride and groom's family were sworn enemies at that point and this news caused an uproar between them. However, both families reconciled and a formal wedding was held in February 1997.[14][33] Same year, Ganguly scored his maiden ODI century by hitting 113, opposed to Sri Lanka's team total of 238. Later that year, he won four consecutive man of the match awards, in the Sahara Cup with Pakistan; the second of these was won after he took five wickets for 16 runs off 10 overs, his best bowling in an ODI. After a barren run in Test cricket his form returned at the end of the year with three centuries in four Tests, all against Sri Lanka, and two of these involved stands with Sachin Tendulkar of over 250.[10]

A middle-aged man stands to wear a white long-sleeved shirt and white trousers, while he has sunglasses resting on a cap that is on his head. Green grass and a boundary line are in the background.
Ganguly in Sri Lanka in 2008.

1997–99: Marriage, Opening in ODIs and World Cup '99

Following a prolific Ranji season in 1990–91,[21] Ganguly scored three runs in his One Day International (ODI) debut for India against the West Indies in 1992.[10][22] He was dropped immediately since he was perceived to be "arrogant" and his attitude towards the game was openly questioned. It was rumoured that Ganguly refused to carry drinks for his teammates, commenting that it was not his job to do so, later denied by him. Consequently, he was removed from the team.[14][19] He toiled away in domestic cricket, scoring heavily in the 1993–94 and 1994–95 Ranji seasons.[23][24] Following an innings of 171 in the 1995–96 Duleep Trophy, he was recalled to the National team for a tour of England in 1996, in the middle of intense media scrutiny.[25] He played in a single ODI,[26] but was omitted from the team for the first Test. However, after teammate Navjot Singh Sidhu left the touring, citing ill-treatment by then captain Mohammad Azharuddin,[27][28] Ganguly made his Test debut against England in the Second Test of a three-match series at Lord's Cricket Ground alongside Rahul Dravid.[29] England had won the First Test of the three-match series; however, Ganguly scored a century, becoming only the third cricketer to achieve such a feat on debut at Lord's, after Harry Graham and John Hampshire. Andrew Strauss and Matt Prior have since accomplished this feat, but Ganguly's 131 still remains the highest by any batsman on his debut at the ground.[28] India was not required to bat in the second innings due to the match ending in a draw.[30] In the next Test match at Trent Bridge he made 136, thus becoming only the third batsman to make a century in each of his first two innings (after Lawrence Rowe and Alvin Kallicharran). He shared a 255 run stand with Sachin Tendulkar, which became at that time the highest partnership for India against any country for any wicket outside India. The Test again ended in a draw, handing England a 1–0 series victory; Ganguly scored 48 in the second innings.[31][32]

A brown coloured pavilion in front of a green field, surrounded by a number of banners
The Lord's Pavilion

1990–96: Career beginning and debut success

[20][14] debut for Bengal in 1989, the same year that his brother was dropped from the team.first-class cricket However, his playmanship gave him a chance to make his [19] Ganguly purportedly refused to do such tasks as he considered it beneath his social status to assist his teammates in such a way.[18]

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