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1st Indonesian Minister of Law and Human Rights
In office
19 August 1945 – 14 November 1945
President Sukarno
Preceded by Post created
Succeeded by Soewandi
In office
20 December 1949 – 6 September 1950
President Sukarno
Preceded by Susanto Tirtoprodjo
Succeeded by Abdoel Gaffar Pringgodigdo
Personal details
Born (1903-01-22)22 January 1903
Sukoharjo, Central Java, Dutch East Indies
Died 12 September 1958(1958-09-12) (aged 55)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesia
Religion Islam

Prof. Dr. Mr. Soepomo (22 January 1903 – 12 September 1958) was Indonesia's first Minister of Justice, serving in the Presidential Cabinet from 19 August to 14 November 1945 and from 20 December 1949 to 6 September 1950.


Soepomo was born in Sukoharjo, Central Java, Dutch East Indies on 22 January 1903.[1] He came from a noble family; his maternal and paternal grandfathers were high-ranking government officials.[1]

Soepomo began his schooling at the Europeesche Lagere School in Dutch colonialism.[1]

After his return from the Netherlands, Soepomo became a court employee in Yogyakarta, later being transferred to the Justice Department in Jakarta.[3] While serving at the Justice Department, he took a side job as a guest lecturer at the Institute of Law there.[3] He joined the youth group Jong Java, and wrote a paper entitled "Perempuan Indonesia dalam Hukum" ("Indonesian Women and Law"), which he presented with Ali Sastroamidjojo at the 1928 Women's Congress.[2]

As the Japanese occupation of Indonesia was drawing to a close, Soepomo became a member of the Committee for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence and the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence, working to frame the constitution together with Muhammad Yamin and Sukarno.[2][3] After independence, Soepomo served twice as Minister of Justice, from 19 August to 14 November 1945 and from 20 December 1949 to 6 September 1950.[1]

After his terms as Minister of Justice, Soepomo became a lecturer at Gadjah Mada University,[3] as well as the Jakarta Police Academy.[2] He was also President of the University of Indonesia.[2] From 1954 to 1956, Soepomo was Indonesia's ambassador to the United Kingdom.[2][4]

Soepomo died in Surakarta on 12 September 1958.[1]


On 14 May 1965, Soepomo was posthumously declared a national hero of Indonesia by President Sukarno.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bahari 2011, p. 12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g, Salah Satu Perumus.
  3. ^ a b c d Bahari 2011, p. 13.
  4. ^ Embassy of Indonesia, Indonesian Ambassadors.
  • Bahari, Adib (2011). Pendekar Hukum Indonesia [Indonesian Legal Giants] (in Indonesian). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Yustisis.  
  • "Indonesian Ambassadors". Indonesian Embassy in the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. 
  • "Salah Satu Perumus UUD 1945" [One of the Writers of the 1945 Constitution]. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. 
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