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Slate (elections)

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Title: Slate (elections)  
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Subject: Philippine Senate election, 2013, Robert W. Ward, Issue voting, Mary L. Washington, Election threshold
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Slate (elections)

A slate is a group of candidates that run in multi-seat or multi-position elections on a common platform.

The common platform may be because the candidates are all members of a political party, have the same or similar policies, or some other reason.

Elections that commonly have slates

United States electoral college

The United States presidential elections use an electoral college to determine the winner and the electors are chosen by popular vote in each state. Voters choose a slate of electors who support one of the candidates, although this may not be obvious to the voter at the time.

United States legislative elections

In states whose state legislatures are elected from multi-member districts, it is common for groups of candidates to form slates in primary and general elections. Elections to the Maryland General Assembly are a prime example, with most districts electing one member of the Maryland Senate and three members of the Maryland House of Delegates. Candidates for senator and delegate (usually incumbents) often join together prior to the primary election, registering their slates as separate campaign committees to enable them to raise funds separately. They are commonly called "Leadership Teams".[1]

United Kingdom student unions

Most student unions in the United Kingdom have the places on their executive committee elected simultaneously, but separately. Groups of candidates may run together so as each candidate can campaign for themselves and the other members on the slate at the same time, thereby increasing the election material and manpower available to the group. Slates can be political (e.g. Stop the War) or non-political. However some students' unions ban the use of slates in their elections.

Canadian municipal elections

Unusual among western democracies, Canada's major federal and provincial political parties do not have municipal wings. While some of Canada's biggest cities, such as Montreal and Vancouver, have permanent political parties that contest municipal elections only, most of Canada's cities and towns do not have fully functioning municipal political parties. Instead, just prior to a municipal election, some individuals may agree to campaign jointly in what is called a "slate". For members of a slate, this usually means not running against each other for the same office, purchasing advertising materials together and possibly agreeing to vote together on some issues if elected. Slates differ from political parties in that they are usually temporary arrangements that last for the election campaign only, and they have no annual meetings, headquarters or volunteers.

Canadian Student Unions

The use of slates by students to collectively get elected to student union positions is common. Slates are often a controversial feature of student politics in Canada, with many student associations wavering between full recognition of them to outright banning them. In bigger student unions where slates are tolerated, it is not uncommon to see these slates take on party-like features to entertain multi-year success.[2]

Different campuses in North America are seen having groups of students creating political agendas in order to run the campus in a specific way.

General Divide Generally there’s two (or more) parties involved in student government elections. There is type [A] who affiliate themselves with the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS) and all of the consequent campaigns (service related, often considered leftist), and type [B] who affiliate with the individual students, and needs of the student population of that specific year.

This causes issues such as executives of student unions endorsing political parties at other universities. Certain executive members of Ryerson and York University have been physically assisting in the campaign for University of Toronto’s “Team Voice” who identify as a team A.[3] Executive members of University of Ottawa’s “Student Action” have been seen supporting “Team Voice” of University of Toronto in the same election through social media. All opposing parties (Including University of Toronto’s Team Unite) agree that having outsiders campaigning and taking time from their paid jobs at their respective universities is inequitable in the elections.[3]

Universities with known divides

  • University of Ottawa[4]
  • Carleton University
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Western Ontario (slates not noted on ballots)
  • Ryerson

Philippine elections

Political parties and coalitions employ slates in elections with multiple winners. For the nationally-elected Senate, parties and coalitions draw up 12-person slates, as there are 12 seats being contested. The same is true for local legislatures, depending on how many seats are up, where elections are done via plurality-at-large voting. Parties and coalitions issue sample ballots to prospective voters that show the candidates in their respective slates, from the Senate up to the Sangguniang Bayan (municipal council) level, encourage voters to "vote straight" their respective slates.


  1. ^ Examples from 2010 include the 14th District Leadership Team (comprising two incumbent delegates and one challenger) and the 43rd District Leadership Team (comprising an incumbent senator, two incumbent delegates and one challenger)
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Slate (elections)#Canadian Student Unions
  4. ^
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