World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Siege of Puebla (1847)


Siege of Puebla (1847)

Siege of Puebla
Part of the Mexican-American War
Date 13–14 September until 12 October 1847
Location Puebla, Puebla
Result American victory
 United States  Mexico
Commanders and leaders
Thomas Childs
Joseph Lane
Joaquín Rea
Antonio López de Santa Anna
500 (garrison)
3,000 (relief force)
Casualties and losses
78 ?
Justin H. Smith's The War with Mexico

Following the Battle of Chapultepec, Santa Anna withdrew his forces from Mexico City, leading a portion in an attempt to take Puebla and cut off Scott's supply route from Veracruz. The Siege of Puebla began the same day Mexico City fell to Winfield Scott and lasted for 28 days[1]:329 before a relief force fought its way into the city.


  • Background 1
  • Siege 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Additional Reading 5


General Winfield Scott had a series of garrisons posted along the route from Veracruz to Mexico City to protect his supply lines. One of these garrisons was posted at the city of Puebla, roughly two-thirds of the way to Mexico City from the coast. The garrison was commanded by Major Thomas Childs, serving as a brevet colonel.[1]:329 Childs had 500 soldiers to guard the city. After the fall of Mexico City, General Antonio López de Santa Anna renounced his presidency and split his forces, taking half of them to try to retake Puebla.[1]:328,331 General Joaquín Rea commanded the Mexican guerrilla forces in the area around Puebla.[1]:329


On the night of 13–14 September 1847, Rea's forces entered the city with 4,000 men.[1]:329 The U.S. forces held the convent, Fort Loretto, and the citadel of San José.[1]:329 Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel W. Black, commander of the First Pennsylvania, was put in command of the citadel, which also served as a hospital for 1,800 sick and wounded soldiers. The Mexicans drove off most of the city's cattle, but Childs was able to save enough to keep from starvation.[1]:329 Rea demanded the garrison's surrender on 16 September, but Childs refused, leading Rea to attack San José, unsuccessfully.[1]:329 Childs repulsed a second attack on 18 Sept.[1]:329

Santa Anna arrived on 22 September, launched a 500 man attack on the convent, once again unsuccessfully, yet called for Childs to surrender, which he refused.[1]:329 The attacks continued from 27 Sept. until 1 Oct.[1]:329

At the end of September, Santa Anna departed with most of the Mexican forces to confront General Joseph Lane's relief column.[1]:329 Santa Anna was defeated at the Battle of Huamantla, allowing Lane to raise the siege on 12 Oct.[1]:331

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bauer, K.J., 1974, The Mexican War, 1846-1848, New York:Macmillan, ISBN 0803261071

Additional Reading

  • Nevin, David; editor, The Mexican War (1978)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.