World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Services for mental disorders

Article Id: WHEBN0019231063
Reproduction Date:

Title: Services for mental disorders  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mental disorder, Outline of the psychiatric survivors movement, Mobility aid, Driver rehabilitation, Disability
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Services for mental disorders

Services for mental disorders offer treatments, support or advocacy to people judged to have mental disorders (mental illnesses).

Medical services

Family practice (general practice) centers in communities are commonly the first line for assessment of mental health conditions, and may prescribe psychiatric drugs and sometimes provide basic counseling or therapy for "common mental disorders". Secondary medical services may include psychiatric hospitals, although since deinstitutionalization these have been restricted in favor of wards within general hospitals, and community mental health services based more locally.

Such services may be provided on an inpatient or, more commonly, outpatient basis. They may offer a range of treatments, usually centered around psychiatric drugs, and be provided by a range of mental health professionals, notably psychiatrists and psychiatric and mental health nurses. Non-medical professionals may also be involved, such as clinical psychologists, social workers and various kinds of therapists or counselors. Usually headed by psychiatrists and therefore based on a medical model, multidisiplinary teams may be involved in assertive community treatment and early intervention, and may be coordinated via a case management system (sometimes referred to as "service coordination").

Individual therapy services

Numerous services exist exclusively for the therapy of mental disorders and distress. They may offer integrative psychotherapy (an eclectic tailored mix of approaches) or a particular approach, such as cognitive behavioral therapy.

Social care services

Community services often include supported housing with full or partial supervision, including halfway houses. Social workers and support workers provide support and advocacy.

Consumer, survivor and ex-patient services

Many labeled as having a mental disorder. A number of charities providing services are "consumer-led". There are self-help/mutual support groups and day centers or clubhouses.[1][2] Staff with a lived experience are now being employed as peer support specialists within mental health teams.

Traditional healing centers

Traditional healing centers provide a popular and accessible service across the African continent and other areas of the world, and often deal with mental disorders.[3][4]

Legal services

Legal services exist to regulate and supervise the discrimination or involuntary commitment. Mental health courts are specialized court dockets that exist in some places to provide community treatment and supervision in lieu of incarceration for criminal offenders with mental illness.

Global situation

A Global Mental Health Group in coordination with the [5][6]

According to the Recovery model, services must always support an individual's personal journey of recovery and independence, and a person may or may not need services at any particular time, or at all.

The UK is moving towards paying mental health providers by the outcome results that their services achieve.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ McLean, A. (2003). Recovering Consumers and a Broken Mental Health System in the United States: Ongoing Challenges for Consumers/ Survivors and the New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. Part I: Legitimization of the Consumer Movement and Obstacles to It. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. 8, 47-57
  2. ^ McLean, A. (2003) Recovering Consumers and a Broken Mental Health System in the United States: Ongoing Challenges for Consumers/ Survivors and the New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. Part II: Impact of Managed Care and Continuing Challenges International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. 8, 58-70.
  3. ^ Ngoma MC, Prince M, Mann A (2003) Common mental disorders among those attending primary health clinics and traditional healers in urban Tanzania. Br J Psychiatry. 2003 Oct;183:349-55.
  4. ^ Center for Advocacy in Mental Health Role of Traditional Healing Centers (THCs) in Mental Health Service Delivery
  5. ^ Lancet Global Mental Health Group, Chisholm D, Flisher AJ, Lund C, Patel V, Saxena S, Thornicroft G, Tomlinson M. (2007) Scale up services for mental disorders: a call for action Lancet. Oct 6;370(9594):1241-52.
  6. ^ World Health Organization WHO urges more investments, services for mental health WHO website, September 2007
  7. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/mental-health-payment-by-results-arrangements-for-2013-14
  8. ^ http://www.communitycare.co.uk/articles/16/04/2013/119098/a-quick-guide-to-mental-health-payment-by-results-and-its-impact-on-social-work.htm
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.