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Seine-Inférieure

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Seine-Inférieure

Seine-Maritime
Department
Prefecture building of the Seine-Maritime department, in Rouen

Coat of arms

Location of Seine-Maritime in France

Coordinates: 49°40′N 00°50′E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833Coordinates: 49°40′N 00°50′E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833

Country France
Region Upper Normandy
Prefecture Rouen
Subprefectures Dieppe
Le Havre
Government
 • President of the General Council Didier Marie
Area1
 • Total 6,278 km2 (2,424 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,243,834
 • Rank 13th
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 76
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 69
Communes 745
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-Maritime (French pronunciation: ​[sɛn.ma.ʁi.tim]) is a French department in the Upper Normandy region of northern France. It is situated on the northern coast of France, at the mouth of the Seine, and includes the cities of Rouen and Le Havre. Until 1955 it was named Seine-Inférieure.

History

1790 - Creation of the Seine-Inférieure department
The department was created from part of the old province of Normandy during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, through the application of a law of 22 December 1789.
1815 - Occupation
After the victory at Waterloo of the coalition armies, the department was occupied by British forces from June 1815 till November 1818.
1843 – Railways and industry
In Rouen, Elbeuf, and Bolbec, the number of textile factories is increasing. Metallurgy and naval construction as well.
1851 - A republican department
Following the then president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte's 1851 Coup d'état, Seine-Inférieure was one of several departments placed under a state of emergency (literally, in French, state of siege) [1] following fears of significant resistance to the new government.
World War II
Occupied by the Wehrmacht, Seine-Maritime is the witness of two Allied military raids in 1942, the Bruneval raid and Dieppe raid.
2005 - Inhabitants renamed
Previously lacking a demonym, the inhabitants of Seine-Maritime (as the department had been renamed in 1955) determined, following a public consultation, that they should be known in official documents as "Seinomarins" [2] (males) and "Seinomarines" (females).

Heraldry

The arms of the departement Seine-Maritime are blazoned :
Gules a fess wavy argent between two lions passant gardant or armed and langued azure.




Geography

The department can be split into three main areas:[3]

Administration

The département was created in 1790 as Seine-Inférieure, one of five departements that replaced the former province of Normandy. In 1800 five arrondissements were created within the département, namely Rouen, Le Havre, Dieppe, Neufchatel and Yvetot, although the latter two were disbanded in 1926. On 18 January 1955 the name of the département was changed to Seine-Maritime, in order to provide a more positive-sounding name and in-keeping with changes made in a number of other French departements.

Transport

In 1843 the railway from Paris reached the region. The département is connected to the adjacent Eure department via the Tancarville and Pont de Normandie bridge crossings of the Seine.

Culture

Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert is set in Seine Maritime.

The novel La Place by Annie Ernaux largely takes place in Seine-Maritime and describes events and changes that take place in relation to French society in the 20th century especially in relation to the rural population.

Cauchois is the dialect of the Pays de Caux, and is one of the most vibrant forms of Norman language beyond Cotentinais

Tourism

See also

Normandy portal

Sources and further reading

External links

  • (French) General Council website
  • (French) Communes 76
  • (French) Prefecture website
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