World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0008860147
Reproduction Date:

Title: Scholarpedia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Scholarpedia, Efference copy, Morse–Smale system, MathJax, Nupedia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Web address .orgscholarpedia
Slogan The peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia
Commercial? No
Type of site Internet encyclopedia
Registration Optional (required to edit pages)
Available in English
Content license
CC BY-NC-SA 3.0[1]
Created by Eugene M. Izhikevich
Launched February 5, 2006
Alexa rank positive decrease 146,374 (February 2013)[2]
Current status 671 peer-reviewed articles, 1700 in progress (December 2010)

Scholarpedia is an English-language online wiki-based encyclopedia with features commonly associated with open-access online academic journals, which aims to have quality content.

Scholarpedia articles are written by invited expert authors and are subject to peer review.[3] Scholarpedia lists the real names and affiliations of all authors, curators and editors involved in an article: however, the peer review process (which can suggest changes or additions, and has to be satisfied before an article can appear) is anonymous. Scholarpedia articles are stored in an online repository, and can be cited as conventional journal articles (Scholarpedia has the ISSN number 1941-6016). Scholarpedia's citation system includes support for revision numbers.

The project was created in February 2006 by Eugene M. Izhikevich, while he was a researcher at the Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California. Izhikevich is also the encyclopedia's editor-in-chief.


Scholarpedia main page

Scholarpedia is not a general encyclopedia; it focuses on the fields of computational neuroscience, touch, dynamical systems, computational intelligence, physics and astrophysics.[4] In April 2009, Scholarpedia amounted to 500 peer-reviewed accepted articles and about 1400 articles at diverse stages of completion.


To ensure that the articles are written by experts, authors of the various articles in Scholarpedia are either invited by the editor-in-chief or other curators, or selected by a public election. For example, Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger were nominated for the article on WorldHeritage.[5] As of May 2009, the list of authors included four Fields medalists and sixteen Nobel prize winners.[6] Registered users must provide their full real name, and a recognised affiliation to an academic institution. Only registered users can edit an article, and those edits are subject to approval by the curator of the article, who is typically the author.[7] Curatorship is transferrable. Users have a curator index attribute which is incremented or decremented by various activities and which affects the user's capabilities on the website.


Articles are available online without charge for non-commercial use, but may not be copied in bulk. Authors are credited on the article page.

As of January 2008, Scholarpedia changed their licensing policy and now also accepts articles under the GNU Free Documentation License and the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 license, in addition to the earlier system in which the author gives a non-exclusive license directly to Scholarpedia.[8][9]


Scholarpedia uses the same wiki engine as WorldHeritage, MediaWiki, with modifications to support voting on revisions. The software's development is done privately.[10]

See also


  1. ^ "Scholarpedia:Terms of use". Scholarpedia. Retrieved 2012-10-18. 
  2. ^ " Site Info".  
  3. ^ "Scholarpedia: the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia". Society of Applied Neuroscience. 2006-11-11. Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  4. ^ "Scholarpedia". The  
  5. ^ "User:Eugene M. Izhikevich/Proposed/WorldHeritage". Scholarpedia. 2008-04-20. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  6. ^ "Editorial: Wouldn't you like to know?". Nature Physics 4 (7): 505. 2008.  
  7. ^ "Help:Frequently Asked Questions". Scholarpedia. sec. How is an article maintained?. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  8. ^ "Talk:Scholarpedia". Scholarpedia. 2008-02-15. sec. Comments on copyright and patents. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  9. ^ "Scholarpedia:Terms of Use". Scholarpedia. 2012-09-08. sec. Scholarpedia's Licenses to You, and Your license to parties other than Scholarpedia. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  10. ^ "Help:Frequently Asked Questions". Scholarpedia. sec. How can I contribute to the source code?. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 

External links

  • Official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.