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Sangeet Natak Akademi


Sangeet Natak Akademi

Sangeet Natak Akademi
Abbreviation SNA
Formation May 31, 1952 (1952-05-31)
Headquarters Rabindra Bhawan, Ferozeshah Road, New Delhi, India
Parent organisation
Ministry of Culture, Government of India
Website official website

Sangeet Natak Akademi (Devanāgarī: संगीत नाटक अकादेमी or The National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama in English) is the national level academy for performing arts set up by the Government of India.


  • History 1
  • Functions 2
  • The facilities 3
    • The audio-visual archive 3.1
    • The library 3.2
    • Gallery of musical instruments 3.3
    • Documentation unit 3.4
  • Award and Fellowship 4
    • Sangeet Natak Akademi Award 4.1
    • Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, Ratna Sadsya 4.2
    • Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puruskar 4.3
  • Indian classical dances 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


It was set up by the Indian education ministry in 31 May 1952 and became functional the following year, with the appointment of its first chairman, Dr. P. V. Rajamannar. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, inaugurated it on 28 January 1953 in a special function held in the Parliament House. The academy's Fellowship and Award are considered very prestigious.


Rabindra Bhawan, Delhi which houses the Sangeet Natak Akademi, Lalit Kala Akademi and Sahitya Akademi.

The academy functions as the apex body of the performing arts in the country to preserve and promote the vast cultural heritage of India expressed in music, dance and drama. It also works with governments and art academies in states and territories of the country.

SNA established several institutions over the years:


In addition, the Akademi

  • Subsidizes the work of institutions engaged in teaching, performing or promoting music, dance, or theatre
  • Gives grants to aid research, documentation and publishing in the performing arts
  • Organises and subsidises seminars and conferences of subject specialists
  • Documents and records the performing arts for its audio-visual archive
  • Renders advice and assistance to the government of India in the task of formulating and implementing policies and programmes in the field
  • Carries a part of the responsibilities of the state for fostering cultural contacts between regions in the country, as well as between India and the world
  • Organises its annual festival of music, dance and theatre in NCT Delhi.[3]

The facilities

The academy is an important source of information and offers the following facilities.

The audio-visual archive

The academy's audio-visual archive has several audio/video tapes, photographs and films. It is the largest archive of its kind in the country and is extensively drawn upon for research on the performing arts of India.

The library

The academy maintains a reference library consisting of about 22,000 books.

Books on several subjects including Dance, Drama, Music, Theatre, Sociology, Folklore, Tribal Studies, Indian History and Culture, Indian Art, Religion and Epics, Mythology, Anthropology and Reference works such as Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Yearbooks, Bibliographies, Indexes and Newspaper clippings about Academy Awards and eminent artistes in the field of performing arts, can be found here.

The library maintains data files on awardees and fellows of the academy since its inception (1953) and along with those on other eminent personalities of the field.

Gallery of musical instruments

The academy has a museum-cum-gallery of musical instruments in Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi. There are more than 200 musical instruments on display here.

Documentation unit

It has a documentation unit that collects and records works of masters in the field of music, dance and theatre on audio and video to help researchers. The academy produces several in-house publications.

Award and Fellowship

Sangeet Natak Akademi Award

The Sangeet Natak Akademi Award is the highest national recognition given to practicing artists, gurus and scholars. It carries a purse money of Rs. 1,00,000/-,[4] a shawl, and a tamrapatra (a brass plaque). The number of awards given annually is 33 at present and, till date, over 1000 artists have been honoured.

Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, Ratna Sadsya

Each year the Academy awards Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowships, Ratna Sadsya, to distinguished individuals for their contribution to the field of arts, music, dance and theatre. The first Fellow of the Akademi was elected in 1954, and till date, the Akademi has honoured 123 eminent personalities as Akademi Fellows (Akademi Ratna).

Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puruskar

Instituted in 2006, in memory of Ustad Bismillah Khan, this award is given to young artists (below 35 years of age) for their talent in the fields of music, dance and drama.[5]

Indian classical dances

The Sangeet Natak Akademi currently confers classical status on eight[6] other Indian dance forms:

  1. Bharatanatyam: originating in Tamil Nadu
  2. Odissi: originating in Odisha
  3. Kuchipudi: originating in Andhra Pradesh
  4. Mohiniaattam: originating in Kerala, performed by women
  5. Sattriya: originating in Assam, conferred classical status most recently
  6. Kathakali: originating in Kerala, performed by men
  7. Kathak: originating in Northern India
  8. Manipuri: originating in Manipur

See also


  1. ^ "Institutions of the Sangeet Natak Akademi". SNA. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Centres of the Akademi". SNA. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Central stage Live Mint, 15 July 2009.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puruskar
  6. ^

External links

  • The official website of the Sangeet Natak Akademi
  • List of Awardees - Sangeet Natak Akademi
  • , February 15–28, 2003Frontline magazine (The Hindu)'An agenda for the arts', , article on 50th anniversary
  • Data Bank on Traditional/Folk performances
  • Current events page on the website (slightly outdated)
  • The Academy's Official List of Award winners
  • Carnatic India: a portal on Indian classical fine arts
  • Akdemi Music
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