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SS Ultonia

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Title: SS Ultonia  
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Subject: Cunard Line, Ultonia, RMS Antonia, SS Aleppo, RMS Ausonia
Collection: 1898 Ships, Clyde-Built Ships, Maritime Incidents in 1917, Passenger Ships of the United Kingdom, Ships of the Cunard Line
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SS Ultonia

SS Ultonia was a British passenger cargo vessel built in 1898 in Wallsend-on-Tyne by C. S. Swan & Hunter and sunk by a German torpedo in 1917.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Sinking 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

SS Ultonia launched on June 4, 1898 measuring 500 feet by 57.4 feet by 33.9 feet, 8,845 gross tonnage with engines by Sir C. Furness, Westgarth & Co, Middlesbrough. Originally launched for cargo and cattle, it was fitted with third-class accommodation for 675 passengers in 1899, launching its first passenger voyage on February 28 from Liverpool to Queenstown to Boston.

Departing Boston on one of these voyages on August 5, 1899, the Ultonia hit a ledge just outside the main channel of Boston Harbor at Nantasket Roads, which was the typical route at the time. This area is now called the Ultonia Ledge, located a mile and a half southeast of Boston Light, and is as shallow as 21 feet at mean lower low water according to modern nautical charts. This event spurred the alteration of ships' courses in the area to avoid the ledge, the dredging of Nantasket Roads to a depth of 35 feet to be safe for large steamships, and also the later dredging of the wider northern approach via President Roads which is the now the main channel for large ships entering or exiting Boston Harbor.[1]

In 1902, it was refitted to accommodate 120 second-class passengers, and 2,100 third-class passengers, increasing its tonnage to 10,402 gross. In 1915, it was refitted to carry up to 2,000 horses.[2]

Sinking

On 27 June 1917 was torpedoed and sunk 190 miles from Fastnet by a U-53 German submarine under Captain Hans Rose. One life was lost in the attack.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ultonia Ledge, Thieves Ledge and the Dredging of Nantasket Roads". 
  2. ^ Bonsor, N.R.P. (1975). North Atlantic Seaway. Arco Publishing Company; Revised edition. p. 155.  
  3. ^ Gibson, R.H. (November 22, 2002). The German Submarine War 1914-1918. Periscope Publishing Ltd. p. 186.  

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