World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Rotha Lintorn-Orman

Rotha Lintorn-Orman (1895-1935) was an early British fascist and was the founder and sometime leader of the British Fascisti, the first avowedly fascist movement to appear in British politics.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Fascism 2
  • Final years 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5
  • References 6

Early life

Born as Rotha Beryl Orman in Kensington London, she was the daughter of Charles Edward Orman, a Major from the Essex Regiment, and his wife, Blanch Lintorn, née Simmons. Her maternal grandfather was Field Marshal Sir John Lintorn Arabin Simmons.[1] She would later adopt the name of Rotha Lintorn-Orman.

She served in World War I as a member of the Women's Reserve Ambulance and was decorated for her contribution at the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917.[2] She also served with the Scottish Women's Hospital Corps.[3] In these early years she developed a strong sense of British nationalism, and became a staunch monarchist and imperialist. She continued her work in the field of military medicine after the war, becoming head of the Red Cross Motor School to train drivers in the battlefield.[4]

Fascism

Following her war service, she placed an advert in the right-wing journal The Patriot seeking anti-communists.[5] This led to the foundation of the British Fascisti in 1923 as a response to the growing strength of the Labour Party, a source of great anxiety for the virulently anti-Communist Lintorn-Orman.[6]

Financed by her mother Blanch, Lintorn-Orman's party nonetheless struggled due to her preference for remaining within the law and her continuing ties to the fringes of the 1926 General Strike or when the more radical members resigned to form the National Fascisti, and ultimately lost members to the Imperial Fascist League and the British Union of Fascists when these groups emerged. For her part Lintorn-Orman would have nothing to do with the BUF as she considered Oswald Mosley to be a near-communist,[8] although it was to this group that she lost much of her membership when Neil Francis Hawkins became a member in 1932.[9]

Final years

Dependent on alcohol and other drugs,[10] rumours about her private life began to damage her reputation, until her mother stopped her funding amid lurid tales of alcohol, other drugs and orgies.[11] Taken ill in 1933, she was sidelined from the British Fascists, with effective control passing to Mrs D.G. Harnett, who sought to breathe new life into the group by seeking to ally it with Ulster loyalism.[12] She died in March 1935 at Las Palmas, Canary Islands, with her organisation all but defunct.

Bibliography

  • 'Feminine Fascism': Women in Britain's Fascist Movement, Julie V. Gottlieb (I.B. Tauris, 2000)
  • 'Hurrah for the Blackshirts!': Fascists and Fascism in Britain between the Wars, Martin Pugh (Random House, 2005)

External links

  • National Portrait Gallery pictures
  • Another Nickel in the Machine

References

  1. ^ Benewick, Robert, Political Violence and Public Order, London: Allan Lane, 1969, p. 27
  2. ^ Thurlow, Richard, Fascism in Britain, London: IB Tauris, 1998
  3. ^ M. Durham, 'Britain', K. Passmore (ed.), Women, Gender and Fascism in Europe 1919-45, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003, p. 216
  4. ^ Richard Griffiths, Fellow Travellers on the Right, Oxford University Press, 1983, p. 85
  5. ^ Durham, 'Britain', p. 215
  6. ^ a b Thurlow, Fascism in Britain, p. 34
  7. ^ Griffiths, Fellow Travellers on the Right, p. 86
  8. ^ S. Dorril, Blackshirt – Sir Oswald Mosley and British Fascism, London: Penguin, 2007, p. 204
  9. ^ Benewick, Political Violence, p. 36
  10. ^ Dorril, Blackshirt, p. 198
  11. ^ Thurlow, Fascism in Britain, p. 37
  12. ^ Griffiths, Fellow Travellers on the Right, p. 92
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.