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Romanian migration to the United Kingdom

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Title: Romanian migration to the United Kingdom  
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Romanian migration to the United Kingdom

Romanians in the United Kingdom
Notable Romanian Britons:
Moses Gaster, Vera Atkins
Total population
Romanian-born residents
7,631 (2001 Census)
101,000 (2012 ONS estimate)
Regions with significant populations
London (primarily Northern boroughs), Oxford, Cambridge, Nottingham, Birmingham, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Cardiff
Languages
English, Romanian
Religion
Romanian Orthodox Church

Romanians migartuon to the uk refere t the phenomenon of roman migaration that staretd in the past decade.

The opportunities for Romanians to migrate in large numbers to the UK began when Romania joined the European Union in 2007, and a transitional cap expired on 1 January 2014.

History, population and settlement

The small number of Romanians that first arrived in Britain were primarily Jews fleeing persecution during the Ion Ratiu, Horia Georgescu, George Ross and Leonard Kirschen, Marie-Jeanne MacDonald, Gladys Wilson, Sanda Carciog and Mihai Carciog. Ion Ratiu is the President of the British-Romanian Association between 1965 - 1985, followed by Iolanda Stranescu Costide between 1985 until its closure in 1996, the organisation having fulfilled its aim to restore a democratic regime in Romania.

At the time of the 2001 Census, 7,631 Romanian-born people were residing in the UK.[1] When Romania joined the European Union in January 2007, the British government placed transitional restrictions on the rights of Romanians to move to the UK, which were subsequently extended and currently remain in place.[2] The Office for National Statistics estimates that, in 2012, 101,000 Romanian-born people were resident in the UK.[3]

In June 2009, some 115 Romanian citizens of Roma ethnicity living in Belfast fled their homes in the south of the city after a spate of what the BBC described as "racist" attacks, including bricks being thrown through windows. Some 20 families sought refuge in a local church hall before being transferred to a local leisure centre. The actions were condemned by British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Northern Ireland Alliance Party politician Anna Lo. It is believed that the majority of the individuals targeted are ethnic Roma. The displaced families were temporarily rehoused,[4] but the majority subsequently decided to leave Northern Ireland and return to Romania.[5]

There has been a flow of Romanian job seekers entering the UK for recent years although the UK Government requires them to apply for permission before starting to work. Migrant workers from Romania do not consider the UK the most favourite destination to come and work.[6] About 90,000 Romanians applied for 22,000 jobs in the UK in the first half of the year 2011.[7]

Culture

Most Romanians belong to the Romanian Orthodox Church religion and there are several Romanian Orthodox churches throughout the UK, such as those in Aberdeen, Ballymena, Birmingham, Boston, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, Caterham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Luton, Northampton, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford or Poole.[8]

Famous Britons of Romanian descent

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^

External links

  • Romanian Embassy in London
  • Romanian Orthodox Churches in the UK
  • Romanian cultural centre of London
  • Ziarul Romanesc - Weekly Newspaper for Romanians in the UK
  • ClickRomania.co.uk - The Romanian Community in UK
  • Diaspora online
  • Roman in UK - newspaper for Romanians in the UK
  • Romani Online
  • BBC English Language portal
  • BBC news - Romanians in Britain
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