World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Romanian Canadian

 

Romanian Canadian

Romanian Canadian
Total population

204,625
(by ancestry, 2011 Census) [1]


0,61% of the Canadian Population
Regions with significant populations
Quebec, Ontario, Western Canada
Languages
Romanian, Canadian English, French
Religion
Eastern Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism,
Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Romanian American, European American

Romanian Canadians are Canadian citizens of Romanian descent or Romania-born people who reside in Canada.

According to the Canadian Census data of 2006, there are almost 200,000 Romanian-Canadians.[2] Some sources estimates that this number might be as high as cca. 400,000 Canadians who are fully or partially of Romanian ancestry.

Contents

  • Romanian migration in Canada 1
    • Before World War I 1.1
    • After World War II 1.2
    • After the fall of Communism 1.3
  • Community life and associations 2
    • Timeline 2.1
  • Canada–Romania relations 3
  • Notable Romanian-Canadians 4
    • Arts 4.1
    • Business 4.2
    • Entertainment 4.3
    • Fashion 4.4
    • Literature 4.5
    • Journalism 4.6
    • Music 4.7
    • Science 4.8
    • Education 4.9
    • Architecture 4.10
    • Politics 4.11
    • History 4.12
    • Sports 4.13
    • Other 4.14
  • Gallery 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Romanian migration in Canada

Before World War I

Romanians in Regina (1904) in front of the first Romanian Church in North America

Romanians came to Canada in several periods. The first period was at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Romanians had discovered Canada towards the end of the 19th century, after Clifford Sifton – Minister of Home Affairs representing a Liberal government that had promised to populate the West – had visited Bukovina. From 1886 to 1900, a group of Romanians established themselves to the Saskatchewan, at Clifford Sifton’s advice. The first two Romanian families that migrated to Canada from the Bukovina village of Boian stopped in Alberta in 1898. Other 30 Bucovina families took their example and followed them and they gave the settlement the name of their home village.

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, many Romanians from the former Austro-Hungarian Empire (Transylvania, Bukovina, Banat, Crişana and Maramureş) migrated to the Prairie provinces of Canada to work as farmers. The Dominion Lands Act encouraged homesteaders to come to the area. The migrants from the Romanian Old Kingdom were mostly Romanian Jews. Many Romanians came to Canada and the United States between 1895 and 1920.[3]

St Nicholas's Romanian Orthodox Church (established in 1902[4] in

  • Place de la Roumanie
  • Informatii.ca - Romanian Canadian Community portal
  • A List of Relatively Famous Romanian-Canadians

External links

  • William Rodney. "The Canadian-Romanian Credit 1919," Canadian Historical Review LXIV, 2 (June, 1983). pp. 276–289.
  • G. James Patterson. "Romanians," The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples. P.R. Magosci, Ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.
  • Rodica Albu. "Expressions of Romanian Identity in Quebec," Regards sur le Quebec. D. Nica, C. Petras, Eds. Iasi: Editura Universitatii Alexandru Ioan Cuza, 2009.
  • 2001 Census numbers of people by ethnic origin.
  • 2001 Census numbers of people by mother tongue
  • 2001 Census numbers of immigrants by place of birth
  • Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Permanent Residents by Top Source Countries
  • Canadian Foreign Affairs and International Trade Office about relations with Romania
  • Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Canada
  • Survey of Romanian-Canadians: A Socio-Demographic Portrait, December 2010

Further reading

  1. ^ "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  2. ^ Statistics Canada, Canada 2006 Census. [2]
  3. ^ "target audience - Demographic Information". Romedia.us. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  4. ^ Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America parish directory, retrieved 10 June 2007.
  5. ^ Saskatchewan Settlement Experience: Religion – Churches and Congregations. Retrieved 4 December 2007.
  6. ^ Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America parish directory, retrieved 10 June 2007.
  7. ^ "Ethno-Cultural Portrait of Canada, Table 1". 2.statcan.ca. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  8. ^ "Diplomacy.ro :: Consulatul General al Romaniei". Montreal. 2010-04-06. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  9. ^ "Diplomacy.ro :: Ambasada Romaniei". Ottawa. 2011-02-24. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  10. ^ "actmedia :: Romanian Consulate General has been established in Vancouver, Canada". 2011-03-29. Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
  11. ^ "Welcome Page | Page d'accueil". Canadainternational.gc.ca. 2009-12-17. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  12. ^ "Consulatul General Onorific al Romaniei". Romanianconsulate.ca. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  13. ^ "Catherine Pogonat - Autre fréquence - MONTRÉAL". Voir.Ca. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 

References

See also

Gallery

Other

Sports

  • George R. Ursul

History

Politics

Architecture

  • Aurel Braun - Professor of International Relations and Political Science at the University of Toronto
  • Lucian Turcescu - professor of theology at Concordia University
  • Ruth Wisse - Yiddish Literature and Professor of Comparative Literature at Harvard University

Education

Science

Music

Journalism

Literature

Fashion

Entertainment

Business

  • Sorel Etrog - sculptor (received the Order of Canada)
  • Betty Goodwin - One of Canada's outstanding visual artists (received the Order of Canada)
  • Joe Rosenthal - sculptor
  • Sorino De Luca - Visual artist Large scale murals social edifices, churches and corporate paintings . Contracts completed in U.S. Australia, Europe, Canada and Central America .

Arts

Notable Romanian-Canadians

The Ambassador of Romania in Ottawa, Maria Ligor presented her credentials on June 10, 2013, to David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, at Rideau Hall, in Ottawa. The Ambassador of Canada in Bucharest,[11] Joanne Lemay, presented her credentials on November 13, 2013. Romania has a Honorary Consulate General in Moncton, and a Honorary Consulate in Quebec City.[12]

Bilateral relations at embassy level were initiated on April 3, 1967. Canada commissioned its first resident ambassador in Romania in December 1967. The Embassy of Romania in Ottawa[9] was opened in 1970. In 1991, the Consulate General of Romania was established in Toronto, while the Consulate General in Montreal resumed its initial functions. In 2011, a Consulate General was established in Vancouver.[10]

Canadian general, diplomat and peacekeeper John de Chastelain was born in Bucharest to a Scottish father and an American mother.

The formal Canadian-Romanian relations were established on August 16, 1919 when the General Consulate of Romania was established in Montreal[8] by Vasile Stoica. Before, the consulate worked without the consent of Canadian authorities, D. Constantinescu and I. Toma, the employees of unauthorised consulate (Biroul de Pregătire a Paşapoartelor româneşti din Montréal) were arrested for this reason on August 14, 1919.

Joseph W. Boyle served the king and queen of Romania during the World War I, helping to protect the country from the Central Powers and to operate Romania's railroads. He was awarded the special title of "Saviour of Romania" for these and many other deeds. He remained a close friend, and was at one time a possible lover of the Romanian Queen, British-born Marie of Edinburgh.

Clifford Sifton visited Bukovina in 1895. From 1912 to 1913 Robert W. Service was a correspondent for the Toronto Star during the Balkan Wars.

Canada–Romania relations

  • 1896-1900 – A group of Romanians established themselves to the Saskatchewan, at Clifford Sifton’s advice.
  • 1898 – The first two Romanian families that migrated to Canada from the Bukovina village of Boian stopped in Alberta. They gave the settlement the name Boian, Alberta.
  • 1939 – On Iberville Street, in Montreal, was built "Casa Romana", where was set up a Romanian school.
  • 1952 – The Romanian Association of Canada (A.R.C.) founded in Montreal by Gheorghe Loghiade ( -1986), Gheorghe Stanciu, Petre Sultana, Miron Georgescu, Nichita Tomescu, Florin Marghescu, Ion Ţăranu (1921–2009), Alexandru Fonta (1922–2004) and Mihai Pop. The association was incorporated in 1953.
  • 1965 – The Romanian Association of Canada launches fund raising events in order to build the Romanian Orthodox Church "Buna Vestire", situated on Cristoph Colomb Street in Montreal.
  • 1970 – launches fund raising events to help flood victims in Romania.
  • 1970 – Alexandru Fonta (1922–2004), Vasile Posteucă (1912–1972) and Jean Ţăranu (1921–2009) donate a piece of land known today as "The Romanian Camp" in Val-David, Quebec. In 1980 in Val-David are inaugurated two Romanian landmarks, the Predeal-Trudeau Street and the Romanians Bridge.
  • 1971 – A.R.C. launches the first Romanian Radio Show called "Ora de radio". Since 1999 the show airs with a different name, under the supervision of the Federation of Romanian Associations of Canada (F.A.R.).
  • 1973 – A.R.C. participates at The Folk Festival in Baie-Saint-Paul, Quebec, taking 1st place in the competition.
  • 1974 – A.R.C. joins other Romanian community associations to form the Federation of Romanian Associations of Canada (F.A.R.).
  • 1981 – Together with other organizations - Buna Vestire Parish, Women’s Society, Constantin Brancoveanu Society, Romanian Radio Show and F.A.R. Canada - A.R.C. launches a series of fund rasing events to build The Romanian Cultural Center. F.A.R. obtains a grant of $100.000 from the Quebec Government for the construction of the Center. The money were given to F.A.R. in the name of the Romanian Community of Montreal and all its members.
  • 1988 – A.R.C. creates the first Romanian TV Show called "Tele-Roumanie".
  • 1997 - new lyrics for the Canadian song "Maple Leaf Forever" by the Romanian Canadian Vladimir Radian: "CBC Radio's Metro Morning show in Toronto ran a contest to find new lyrics for the song in 1997. The contest was won by Romanian immigrant, mathematician, and now a songwriter, actor and poet, Vladimir Radian, who came to Canada in the 1980s. This version received its first full orchestral treatment on June 27, 1997, at a concert by the Toronto Symphony Orchestra."
  • 2000 – A.R.C. resigns from F.A.R. Canada after illegal elections are held by this Association on October 5, 1999.
  • 2001 – A.R.C. and Nova.TR (The Young Romanians Association) launch a pilot project to help new immigrants upon their arrival. The project helped about 40 families of newcomers, offering them a low cost housing for a period of two weeks. The project came to an end a year later, due to lack of funds. In 2002, A.R.C. accepts the assimilation request of Nova.TR
  • 2001 – In March, the first issue of the Romanian newspaper Pagini Romanesti (Romanian Pages) at Montréal. The newspaper was printed after the closing of an older magazine, Luceafarul. Pagini Romanesti is still printed being today the oldest newspaper of the Romanian community in Québec.
  • 2003 – A.R.C. celebrates 50 years of existence with a series of cultural and social events.
  • 2003 – On June 11, 2006, a bust of Windsor, Ontario.

Timeline

Association of Romanian Writers in Canada was incorporated in 2001. Association of Romanian Engineers in Canada was founded in 2003.

On July 24, 1998 the Romanian community of Boian, Alberta celebrated its centenary. Besides religious services, there was a cultural program and demonstrations of the early life of the Romanians in Canada. The Romanian Orthodox parish in Boian has a Romanian ethnic museum housed on its premises. The museum and St. Mary Orthodox Church was proclaimed historical site by the authorities.

Another recreational and Romanian cultural facility in Canada is the Camp at Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan. Although not quite completed, the camp was blessed and opened for use by Archbishop Valerian Trifa in the summer of 1971.

In 1957, was set up the Romanian Cultural Association of Vintilă Horia, Mircea Eliade and Mihai Eminescu.

In 1939, on Iberville Street, in Montreal, was built "Casa Romana", where was set up a Romanian school.

In 1914-18 was built the "Buna Vestire" Church [Annunciation Church] (Chernivtsi Metropolitan seat), the oldest Romanian Orthodox Church in Montreal. Among the "Buna Vestire" Church priests: Jida, Glicherie Moraru (1930–1938), Constantin Juga (1938–1950), Petre Popescu (June 10, 1951 – 2003), Nicolae Stoleru, Tofan.

A few parishes and non-profit organizations – such as "Buna Vestire" Parish Montreal, the Romanian Association of Canada (A.R.C.), the Federation of Romanian Associations of Canada (F.A.R.), Women’s Society, Constantin Brancoveanu Society – deals with a series of community related issues.

St. George Romanian Orthodox Church in Toronto

Community life and associations

Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada

Romanian immigrants to Canada
Year Number of people
1995 3,851
1996 3,670
1997 3,916
1998 2,976
1999 3,468
2000 4,431
2001 5,589
2002 5,688
2003 5,466
2004 5,658
2005 4,964
2006 4,393
2007 3,770
2008 2,754
2009 1,994
2010 1,845
2011 1,723
2012 1,476

After 2004, the immigration from Romania constantly decreased.

Map of North America highlighting OCA Romanian Episcopate.

The year 2004 is most likely the peak year for Romanians seeking a place to work abroad, temporary or permanent, made Canada their favourite destination.

Immigration from Romania had been increasing in recent years. Figures from Citizenship and Immigration Canada show that the annual number of new permanent residents from Romania increased from an average of over 3,700 per year in the late 1990s to an average of over 5,500 per year since 2001.

According to the Canada 2001 Census, the number of people of Romanian mother tongue in Canada was 50,895 and 61,330 Canadians claimed to speak Romanian. The number of people born in Romania was 61,330 and 2,380 were born in Moldova.

In 2001, there were 131,830 Canadian residents who identified themselves of Romanian origin, of which 53,320 were single-origin Romanians and 78,505 were of mixed Romanian and other origins.[7] The largest concentrations of Romanian-Canadians are in the Greater Toronto Area (approx. 75,000) and in the Greater Montreal Area (approx. 40,000).

Another wave of Romanian emigration to Canada occurred after 1989 following the Romanian Revolution of 1989, when people obtained the right to leave Romania subsequent to the fall of Communism in Central and Eastern Europe. The wave intensified after the Mineriad of 13–15 June 1990. After 1998, for the fourth time, a large number of Romanians were leaving Europe to come to Canada.

After the fall of Communism

The second period was between 1945–1955, when Romanians came after the World War II, during Communist Romania, at a time when Romania was in a difficult period in its history. In this period, 1,460,000 Romanian citizens left their country. Many of them were political refugees. Many of them left for Canada.

A group of Romanian Canadians from Regina and Nicolae Ceauşescu in 1979

After World War II

According to Canada 1911 Census, in Canada lived 15,000 Romanians and in 1941: 25,000 Romanians.

During the interwar period the number of ethnic Romanians who migrated to Canada decreased as a consequence of the economic development in Romania, but the number of Romanian Jews who migrated to Canada increased, mostly after the rise of the Iron Guard.

. Canada rural, photos of the first Romanian settlers in the area and the typical Romanian farmer's life in immigration showcasing Romanian museum is a Boian, Alberta though the present building dates from the early 1960s), is the episcopal seat of the Romanian Orthodox Bishop of Regina. Today, the Romanian school from [6]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.