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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia

Archdiocese of Philadelphia
Archidioecesis Philadelphiensis
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country United States
Territory Philadelphia City and County, counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery, Pennsylvania
Ecclesiastical province Metropolitan Province of Philadelphia
Statistics
Area 2,183 sq mi (5,650 km2)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
4,070,000
1,489,000 (36.6%)
Parishes 257
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established April 8, 1808
Cathedral Cathedral-Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul
Patron saint St. Peter and St. Paul
Secular priests 619
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Charles Joseph Chaput, O.F.M. Cap.
Auxiliary Bishops John J. McIntyre
Michael J. Fitzgerald
Timothy C. Senior
Emeritus Bishops Justin Francis Cardinal Rigali
Louis A. DeSimone
Martin Nicholas Lohmuller
Robert P. Maginnis
Map
Website
archphila.org

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in southeastern Pennsylvania, in the United States. It covers the City and County of Philadelphia as well as Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery counties. The diocese was erected by Pope Pius VII on April 8, 1808, from territories of the Archdiocese of Baltimore. Originally the diocese included all of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and seven counties and parts of three counties in New Jersey. The diocese was raised to the dignity of a metropolitan archdiocese on February 12, 1875. The seat of the archbishop is the Cathedral-Basilica of Ss. Peter & Paul.

It is also the Metropolitan See of the Ecclesiastical Province of Philadelphia, which includes the suffragan episcopal sees of Allentown, Altoona-Johnstown, Erie, Greensburg, Harrisburg, Pittsburgh, and Scranton. The territory of the province is coextensive with the state of Pennsylvania.

Contents

  • History of the archdiocese 1
  • Bishops 2
    • Diocesan Bishops 2.1
      • Bishops 2.1.1
      • Archbishops 2.1.2
    • Auxiliary bishops 2.2
      • Current 2.2.1
      • Former 2.2.2
    • Priests in the archdiocese who became bishops 2.3
  • The parish structure 3
    • Regional Deaneries 3.1
      • Parishes of Philadelphia 3.1.1
  • Educational institutions 4
    • Elementary schools 4.1
    • Special Needs schools 4.2
    • High schools within the archdiocese 4.3
      • Diocesan high schools 4.3.1
        • Philadelphia high schools 4.3.1.1
        • Bucks County high schools 4.3.1.2
        • Chester County high schools 4.3.1.3
        • Delaware County high schools 4.3.1.4
        • Montgomery County high schools 4.3.1.5
        • Former Philadelphia Archdiocese Parochial High Schools 4.3.1.6
      • Private high schools 4.3.2
    • Seminary 4.4
    • Colleges and universities within the archdiocese 4.5
    • Controversies 4.6
  • Publications 5
  • Saints of Philadelphia 6
  • Shrines of Philadelphia 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History of the archdiocese

The history of the Catholic Church in the area dates back to William Penn and when Mass was said publicly as early as 1707.[1] On April 8, 1808, the suffragan dioceses of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Bardstown (moved to Louisville in 1841) were erected by Pope Pius VII from the territory of the Diocese of Baltimore, which was simultaneously raised to the rank of metropolitan archdiocese.[2] Michael Egan was appointed as the first bishop[3] and was consecrated as a bishop on October 28, 1810, by Archbishop John Carroll.[4]

In 1868, the dioceses of Harrisburg, Scranton, and Wilmington were erected from the territory of the diocese.[1] Philadelphia was raised to a metropolitan archiepiscopal see on February 12, 1875,[1] with Harrisburg and Scranton as suffragan dioceses. On January 28, 1961, the five northern counties of Berks, Carbon, Lehigh, Northampton, and Schuylkill were split off from the archdiocese, to create the Diocese of Allentown.

By 1969, the archdiocese had grown to 1,351,704 parishioners, 1,096 diocesan priests, 676 priests of religious institutes and 6,622 religious women.[1]

Beginning in 2005, members of the diocese and its hierarchy have been heavily impacted by sexual abuse scandals. Two grand jury reports, guilty pleas and convictions indicate administrative mishandling of cases and other issues.

In February 2012, the diocese announced the largest reorganization of their elementary and high school education system, with numerous recommended school closings and/or mergers.

In a Thursday, August 23, 2012 online news story article about the Archdiocese's schools by Lou Baldwin of Catholic News Service (CNS), it was announced that the Faith in the Future Foundation would assume management of the seventeen archdiocesan high schools and the four special education schools.[5]

Bishops

Diocesan Bishops

See: Diocesan bishop

Bishops

  1. Michael Francis Egan, OFM (1808–1814)
  2. Henry Conwell (1819–1842)
  3. Francis Patrick Kenrick (1842–1851)
  4. † Saint John Nepomucene Neumann, CSsR (1852–1860)

Archbishops

The Cathedral Basilica of SS. Peter and Paul
  1. James Frederick Wood (1860–1883)
  2. Patrick John Ryan (1884–1911)
  3. Edmond Francis Prendergast (1911–1918)
  4. Dennis Joseph Cardinal Dougherty (1918–1951)
  5. John Francis Cardinal O'Hara, CSC (1951–1960)
  6. John Joseph Cardinal Krol (1961–1988)
  7. Anthony Joseph Cardinal Bevilacqua (1988–2003)
  8. Justin Francis Cardinal Rigali (2003–2011)
  9. Charles Joseph Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. (2011–)

† = deceased

Auxiliary bishops

Current


Former

† = deceased

Priests in the archdiocese who became bishops

Note: Years in parentheses indicate the time of service as a priest of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, prior to appointment to the episcopacy.

† = deceased

The parish structure

The archdiocese is sub-divided into 12 Regional Deaneries, each administered by a Regional Dean. Present Deans and their Deaneries are as follows:

Regional Deaneries

  • Deanery 1 (Reverend Joseph M. Corley)
  • Deanery 2 (Reverend Robert C. Vogan)
  • Deanery 3 (Reverend Michael Fitzpatrick)
  • Deanery 4 (Reverend Joseph C. Dieckhaus)
  • Deanery 5 (Reverend Monsignor Joseph J. Nicolo)
  • Deanery 6 (Reverend Martin T. Cioppi)
  • Deanery 7 (Reverend Monsignor Stephen P. McHenry)
  • Deanery 8 (Reverend Joseph J. Kelley)
  • Deanery 9 (Reverend Msgr. Federico A. Britto)
  • Deanery 10 (Reverend Monsignor James D. Beisel)
  • Deanery 11 (Reverend John F. Babowitch)
  • Deanery 12 (Reverend Msgr. Joseph J. Anderlonis)

Parishes of Philadelphia

  • All Saints, Philadelphia
  • Annunciation B.V.M., Brookline (Havertown)
  • Annunciation B.V.M., Philadelphia
  • Assumption B.V.M., Feasterville
  • Assumption B.V.M., West Grove
  • Blessed Teresa of Calcutta, Limerick
  • Blessed Virgin Mary, Darby
  • Cathedral-Basilica of SS. Peter & Paul, Philadelphia
  • Christ the King, Philadelphia
  • Corpus Christi, Upper Gwynedd
  • Divine Mercy, Philadelphia
  • Epiphany of Our Lord, Philadelphia
  • Epiphany of Our Lord, Plymouth Meeting
  • Holy Angels, Philadelphia
  • Holy Cross, Philadelphia
  • Holy Cross, Springfield
  • Holy Family, Philadelphia
  • Holy Innocents, Philadelphia
  • Holy Martyrs, Oreland
  • Holy Name of Jesus, Philadelphia
  • Holy Saviour (Italian), Norristown
  • Holy Saviour, Linwood
  • Holy Redeemer (Chinese), Philadelphia
  • Holy Spirit, Philadelphia
  • Holy Spirit, Sharon Hill
  • Holy Trinity (German), Philadelphia
  • Holy Trinity (Polish), Phoenixville
  • Holy Trinity, Morrisville
  • Immaculate Conception (Italian), Marcus Hook
  • Immaculate Conception B.V.M, Jenkintown
  • Immaculate Conception B.V.M., Levittown
  • Immaculate Conception, Philadelphia, East Germantown
  • Immaculate Conception, Philadelphia, Northern Liberties
  • Immaculate Heart of Mary, Philadelphia
  • Incarnation of Our Lord, Philadelphia
  • Mary, Mother of the Redeemer, North Wales
  • Mater Dolorosa (Italian), Philadelphia
  • Maternity B.V.M, Philadelphia
  • Most Blessed Sacrament, Philadelphia
  • Mother of Divine Grace (Italian), Philadelphia
  • Mother of Divine Providence, King of Prussia
  • Nativity B.V.M., Media
  • Nativity B.V.M., Philadelphia
  • Nativity of Our Lord, Warminster
  • Notre Dame de Lourdes, Swarthmore
  • Old Saint Mary's, Philadelphia
  • Old St. Joseph's Church, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady Help of Christians (German), Philadelphia
  • Our Lady Help of Christians, Abington
  • Our Lady of Calvary, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of Charity, Brookhaven
  • Our Lady of Consolation, Parkesburg
  • Our Lady of Consolation, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of Fatima, Eddington (Bensalem)
  • Our Lady of Fatima, Secane
  • Our Lady of Good Counsel, Southampton
  • Our Lady of Grace, Penndel
  • Our Lady of Guadalupe, Buckingham
  • Our Lady of Hope, (now on Holy Child's property) Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of Lourdes, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel (Italian), Bridgeport
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Doylestown
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of Peace, Milmont Park
  • Our Lady of Perpetual Help, Morton
  • Our Lady of Ransom, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of the Assumption (Italian), Strafford
  • Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament, Philadelphia
  • Our Lady of the Rosary, Coatesville
  • Our Lady of the Sacred Heart, Hilltown
  • Our Mother of Consolation, Philadelphia
  • Our Mother of Good Counsel, Bryn Mawr
  • Our Mother of Sorrows, Philadelphia
  • Presentation B.V.M., Cheltenham
  • Presentation B.V.M., Wynnewood
  • Queen of Peace, Ardsley
  • Queen of the Universe, Levittown
  • Resurrection of Our Lord Church, Philadelphia
  • Sacred Heart (Polish), Clifton Heights
  • Sacred Heart (Polish), Swedesburg
  • Sacred Heart (Slovak), Phoenixville
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus, Philadelphia
  • Sacred Heart, Manoa
  • Sacred Heart, Oxford
  • Sacred Heart, Royersford
  • SS. Cosmas and Damian (Italian), Conshohocken
  • SS. Peter and Paul, West Chester
  • SS. Philip and James, Exton
  • SS. Simon and Jude, West Chester
  • St. Adalbert (Polish), Philadelphia
  • St. Agatha-St. James Major, Philadelphia
  • St. Agnes, Sellersville
  • St. Agnes, West Chester
  • St. Agnes-St. John Nepomucene (Slovak), Philadelphia
  • St. Albert the Great, Huntingdon Valley
  • St. Albert the Great, Philadelphia
  • St. Alice, Upper Darby
  • St. Aloysius, Pottstown
  • St. Alphonsus, Maple Glen
  • St. Ambrose, Philadelphia
  • St. Anastasia, Newtown Square
  • St. Andrew (Lithuanian), Philadelphia
  • St. Andrew, Drexel Hill
  • St. Andrew, Newtown
  • St. Ann (Italian), Bristol
  • St. Ann, Phoenixville
  • St. Anne, Philadelphia
  • St. Anselm, Philadelphia
  • St. Anthony of Padua, Ambler
  • St. Athanasius, Philadelphia
  • St. Augustine, Bridgeport
  • St. Augustine, Philadelphia
  • St. Barbara, Philadelphia
  • St. Barnabas, Philadelphia
  • St. Bartholomew, Philadelphia
  • St. Basil the Great, Kimberton
  • St. Bede the Venerable, Holland
  • St. Benedict, Philadelphia
  • St. Bernadette, Drexel Hill (school)
  • St. Bernard, Philadelphia
  • St. Bridget of Sweden, Philadelphia
  • St. Callistus, Philadelphia
  • St. Casimir (Lithuanian), Philadelphia
  • St. Catherine of Siena, Horsham
  • St. Cecilia, Coatesville
  • St. Cecilia, Philadelphia
  • St. Charles Borromeo, Cornwells Heights (Bensalem)
  • St. Charles Borromeo, Drexel Hill
  • St. Charles Borromeo, Philadelphia
  • St. Christopher, Philadelphia
  • St. Colman, Ardmore
  • St. Cornelius, Chadds Ford
  • St. Cyprian, Philadelphia
  • St. Cyril of Alexandria, East Lansdowne
  • St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Jamison
  • St. David, Willow Grove
  • St. Denis, Havertown
  • St. Dominic, Philadelphia
  • St. Donato (Italian), Philadelphia
  • St. Dorothy, Drexel Hill
  • St. Edmond, Philadelphia
  • St. Eleanor, Collegeville
  • St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, Eddington (Bensalem)
  • St. Elizabeth, Upper Uwchlan
  • St. Ephrem, Cornwells Heights (Bensalem)
  • St. Eugene, Primos
  • St. Frances Cabrini, Fairless Hills
  • St. Francis de Sales, Lenni
  • St. Francis de Sales, Philadelphia
  • St. Francis of Assisi, Norristown
  • St. Francis of Assisi, Philadelphia
  • St. Francis of Assisi, Springfield
  • St. Francis Xavier (The Philadelphia Oratory), Philadelphia
  • St. Gabriel of the Sorrowful Mother, Avondale
  • St. Gabriel of the Sorrowful Mother, Stowe
  • St. Gabriel, Norwood
  • St. Gabriel, Philadelphia
  • St. Genevieve, Flourtown
  • St. George (Lithuanian), Philadelphia
  • St. George, Glenolden
  • St. Gertrude, West Conshohocken
  • St. Helena, Blue Bell
  • St. Helena, Philadelphia
  • St. Hilary of Poitiers, Rydal
  • St. Hugh of Cluny, Philadelphia
  • St. Ignatius of Antioch, Yardley
  • St. Ignatius of Loyola, Philadelphia
  • St. Isaac Jogues, Wayne
  • St. Isidore, Quakertown
  • St. James, Elkins Park
  • St. Jerome, Philadelphia [1]
  • St. Joachim, Philadelphia
  • St. Joan of Arc, Philadelphia
  • St. John Baptist Vianney, Gladwyne
  • St. John Bosco, Hatboro
  • St. John Cantius (Polish), Philadelphia
  • St. John Chrysostom, Wallingford
  • St. John Fisher, Boothwyn
  • St. John Neumann, Bryn Mawr
  • St. John Neumann, Philadelphia
  • St. John of the Cross, Roslyn
  • St. John the Baptist, Ottsville - Revere
  • St. John the Baptist, Philadelphia
  • St. John the Evangelist, Lower Makefield
  • St. John the Evangelist, Philadelphia
  • St. Josaphat (Polish), Philadelphia
  • St. Joseph (Slovak), Coatesville
  • St. Joseph the Worker, Fallsington
  • St. Joseph, Ambler
  • St. Joseph, Aston
  • St. Joseph, Cheltenham
  • St. Joseph, Collingdale
  • St. Joseph, Downingtown
  • St. Joseph, Spring City
  • St. Joseph, Warrington
  • St. Jude, Chalfont
  • St. Justin Martyr, Narberth
  • St. Katharine Drexel, Chester
  • St. Katharine of Siena, Wayne
  • St. Katherine of Siena, Philadelphia
  • St. Kevin, Springfield
  • St. Laurence, Highland Park
  • St. Laurentius (Polish), Philadelphia
  • St. Lawrence, Riegelsville
  • St. Leo, Philadelphia
  • St. Louis, Yeadon
  • St. Lucy (Italian), Philadelphia
  • St. Luke the Evangelist, Glenside
  • St. Madeleine Sophie, Philadelphia
  • St. Madeline, Ridley Park
  • St. Malachy, Cochranville
  • St. Malachy, Philadelphia
  • St. Margaret Mary Alacoque, Essington
  • St. Margaret, Narberth
  • St. Maria Goretti, Hatfield
  • St. Mark, Bristol
  • St. Martha, Philadelphia
  • St. Martin de Porres, Philadelphia
  • St. Martin of Tours, New Hope
  • St. Martin of Tours, Philadelphia
  • St. Mary Magdalen, Media
  • St. Mary of the Assumption (German), Philadelphia
  • St. Mary of the Assumption, Phoenixville
  • St. Mary, Conshohocken
  • St. Mary, Schwenksville
  • St. Matthew, Conshohocken
  • St. Matthew, Philadelphia
  • St. Matthias, Bala Cynwyd
  • St. Maximilian Kolbe, West Chester
  • St. Michael the Archangel, Levittown
  • St. Michael, Philadelphia
  • St. Monica, Berwyn
  • St. Monica, Philadelphia
  • St. Nicholas of Tolentine (Italian), Philadelphia
  • St. Norbert, Paoli
  • St. Patrick, Kennett Square
  • St. Patrick, Malvern
  • St. Patrick, Norristown
  • St. Patrick, Philadelphia
  • St. Paul, Norristown
  • St. Paul, Philadelphia
  • St. Peter the Apostle (German), Philadelphia
  • St. Peter, West Brandywine
  • St. Philip Neri, Lafayette Hill
  • St. Philip Neri, Pennsburg
  • St. Philip Neri, Philadelphia
  • St. Philomena, Lansdowne
  • St. Pius X, Broomall
  • St. Raymond of Peñafort, Philadelphia
  • St. Richard, Philadelphia
  • St. Rita of Cascia, Philadelphia
  • St. Robert Bellarmine, Warrington
  • St. Rose of Lima, Eddystone
  • St. Rose of Lima, North Wales
  • St. Rose of Lima, Philadelphia
  • St. Stanislaus Kostka (Polish), Coatesville
  • St. Stanislaus, Lansdale
  • St. Teresa of Avila, Norristown
  • St. Therese of the Child Jesus, Philadelphia
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, Croydon
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, Philadelphia
  • St. Thomas More, South Coventry
  • St. Thomas of Villanova, Villanova
  • St. Thomas the Apostle, Chester Heights
  • St. Timothy, Philadelphia
  • St. Titus, East Norriton
  • St. Veronica, Philadelphia
  • St. Vincent de Paul, Philadelphia
  • St. Vincent de Paul, Richboro
  • St. William, Lawncrest
  • Stella Maris, Philadelphia
  • Visitation B.V.M., Philadelphia
  • Visitation B.V.M., Trooper

Educational institutions

Elementary schools

The first Catholic school established in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia was at St. Mary Parish in Philadelphia during the late eighteenth century. During the nineteenth century, Bishop Kenrick encouraged the establishment of Catholic schools. Subsequently, St. John Neumann (1851–1860) made the establishment of parish elementary schools a priority and by 1860 there were seventeen parish elementary schools in Philadelphia. Between 1900 to 1930, Catholic elementary schools increased to 124 schools in Philadelphia and 78 schools in the four suburban counties. Between 1945 to 1965, 62 new Catholic elementary schools were established.

Special Needs schools

With the foundation of Archbishop Ryan School for Children with Deafness in 1912, the Archdiocese of Philadelphia embarked on a proud history of serving families of children with special needs. In 1951, John Cardinal O'Hara responded to the requests of hundreds of parents who sought education, and particularly education in the faith, for their children with mental retardation. As a result, St. Katherine Day School and Our Lady of Confidence School were opened in 1953 and 1954 respectively, and again in response to parent petition, St. Lucy Day School for Children with Visual Impairment was founded in 1955. Queen of the Universe Day Center was added in 1980 to serve students with mental retardation in Bucks County. These five schools of special education have been generously supported by the Catholic Charities Appeal.

High schools within the archdiocese

Diocesan high schools

Leadership within the Archdiocese of Philadelphia envisioned a continued comprehensive education for secondary students.

The first free Catholic high school in the United States was the "Roman Catholic High School of Philadelphia", founded for the education of boys in 1890. (It is often referred to as "Roman Catholic", occasionally as "Catholic High", and most commonly as "Roman".) The "Catholic Girls High School" was founded in 1912. Mary McMichan, one of the school's founders, requested in her last will that the school be renamed in honor of her brother. The school became "John W. Hallahan Catholic Girls High School" after her death. Both schools are still in existence.

Between 1916 and 1927 West Catholic Boys and Girls and Northeast Catholic were opened. Despite the economic hardships of the 1930s and 1940s, seven more diocesan high schools were founded. During a 22-year growth period from 1945 to 1967, fifteen high schools were opened.

Philadelphia high schools
Bucks County high schools
Chester County high schools
Delaware County high schools
Montgomery County high schools
Former Philadelphia Archdiocese Parochial High Schools
  • Archbishop Kennedy High School (Conshohocken), 1966 - 1993 (merged with Bishop Kenrick High School in 1993)[8]
  • Bishop Conwell High School (merged with Bishop Egan High School in 1993)
  • Bishop Egan High School (merged with Bishop Conwell High School in 1993)
  • Bishop Kenrick High School (Norristown), 1955-1993 (merged with Archbishop Kennedy High School in 1993)
  • Cardinal Dougherty High School, 1956 - 2010
  • Kennedy-Kenrick Catholic High School, 1993 - 2010 (resulted from merger of Archbishop Kennedy High School and Bishop Kenrick High School) (replaced by Pope John Paul II High School)
  • Northeast Catholic High School, 1926 - 2010
  • Notre Dame Catholic Girls High School (Moylan), 1935-1981
  • St. James High School for Boys (Chester), 1940-1993
  • St. John the Baptist High School, 1921-1956
  • Saint John Neumann High School, 1934 - 2004 (merged with Saint Maria Goretti High School in 2004)
  • Saint Maria Goretti High School, 1955 - 2004 (merged with Saint John Neumann High School in 2004)
  • St. Matthew High School (Conshohocken), 1866-1966
  • St. Patrick High School (Norristown), 1875-1955
  • Saint Pius X High School, 1953 - 2010 (replaced by Pope John Paul II High School)
  • St. Thomas More High School, 1936-1975
  • West Philadelphia Catholic High School for Boys, 1916 - 1989 (merged with West Philadelphia Catholic Girls High School; demolished in 2009)[9]
  • West Philadelphia Catholic Girls High School, 1927 - 1989 (merged with West Philadelphia Catholic High School for Boys)

Private high schools

Though not funded or operated by the archdiocese, the following independent schools operate "with the blessing and spiritual support of the archdiocese:"

Seminary

Colleges and universities within the archdiocese

Note: Each Roman Catholic college and university within the archdiocese is affiliated with a religious institute, rather than the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.

Controversies

In 2015, it was reported that the school's long-serving director of religious education, Margie Winters, had been fired from the Waldron Mercy Academy after a parent had reported her directly to the Archdiocese of Philadelphia for marrying her long-term lesbian partner in a civil ceremony in 2007. Winters had been upfront with school administrators at the time of her hiring and was advised to keep a low profile which she says she did. Many parents expressed anger and concern over the school's decision. Principal Nell Stetser justified the decision by arguing that "many of us accept life choices that contradict current Church teachings, but to continue as a Catholic school, Waldron Mercy must comply with those teachings." But she called urgently for "an open and honest discussion about this and other divisive issues at the intersection of our society and our Church." The Archbishop of Philadelphia Charles Chaput, however, has not yet responded to such a call and instead spoke out in favour of her firing, simply calling the dismissal "common sense.".[10][11]

Publications

The Catholic Standard & Times (newspaper)

Saints of Philadelphia

Shrines of Philadelphia

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d A Brief History of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. Retrieved 2010-03-11.
  2. ^ See: Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore#History.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b See: List of the Catholic bishops of the United States#American bishops serving outside the United States.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ http://articles.philly.com/2015-07-16/news/64454387_1_pope-francis-chaput-catholic-church
  12. ^ See Miraculous Medal and Miraculous Medal Shrine and Art Museum webpage. Central Association of the Miraculous Medal website. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
  13. ^ See St. Rita of Cascia and National Shrine of Saint Rita of Cascia official website. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ At the following webpage, scroll down to "Lieutenant Robert R. Brett • Vietnam War • 1936-1968".

External links

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia Official Site
  • Office of Catholic Education
  •  

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