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Rolf Henne

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Title: Rolf Henne  
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Subject: Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, National Front (Switzerland), Jakob Schaffner, Hans Oehler
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Rolf Henne

Rolf Henne
Born Rolf Henne
(1901-10-07)7 October 1901
Died 25 July 1966(1966-07-25) (aged 64)
Citizenship Swiss
Alma mater University of Zurich, Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg
Occupation Lawyer
Known for Nazi politician
Title Leader of the National Front
Term 1934-1938
Predecessor Hans Vonwyl
Successor Robert Tobler
Political party National Front, Bund Treuer Eidgenossen Nationalsozialistischer Weltanschauung, National Movement of Switzerland
Religion Swiss politician who supported a form of Nazism.

Born in Schaffhausen, Henne was a distant relative of Carl Jung on his father's side.[1] Henne's own father was himself a prominent physician.[2] Educated at Zurich and Heidelberg, Henne worked as a lawyer.[1] He joined the New Front in 1932, serving as Gaufuehrer for his hometown.[1] On February 4 1934 he took over as leader of the by then renamed National Front at a time when the movement was in trouble over the extent of its support for Nazi Germany.[1] Henne, a strong pro-German, struggled to retain control and in 1938 he was replaced by the more moderate Robert Tobler, his close links to the Nazis and his advocacy of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion making him too extreme for many National Front members.[2] Unable to serve under Tobler, Henne left to form the fiercely pro-Nazi Bund Treuer Eidgenossen Nationalsozialistischer Weltanschauung with Hans Oehler and Jakob Schaffner.[1] Henne was overlooked for leadership of this group, although he was confirmed as Gauführer for Schaffhausen.[2] In 1940 he became a co-founder of the Nationale Bewegung der Schweiz.[1]

He took no further role in politics after the war, instead heading up the Argus der Presse press-cuttings agency.[1] He died in Küsnacht in 1966.[1]


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