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Regency (Indonesia)

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Regency (Indonesia)

This article is part
of the series
of Indonesia
Province level
City & Regency level
District level
Village level

This is the list of regencies and cities of Indonesia, one step lower hierarchy of the Indonesia administrative division below the provincial government (sometimes it was called "the second level region").[1]

In Indonesia, both Regency and City are the same administration level, having their own local government and legislative body. The difference between a Regency and a City lies in demography, size and economy. Generally, a regency comprises a rural, larger area than a city. A city usually has non-agricultural economic activities.

A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is headed by a regent (bupati), while a city is headed by a mayor (walikota). All regents, mayors and member of representatives are directly elected for five years term. However, in Jakarta Special Capital Region, mayors and regents are chosen by the Governor. Each regency or city is divided further into districts.

Following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and municipalities have become the key administrative units responsible for providing most government services. [2]

The list below groups regencies and cities in Indonesia by provinces. Note that each regency has an administrative centre (the regency seat).[3]



The title of "bupati" is originally a loanword from Sanskrit language of India, a shortening from bhumi-pati, which means "lord ("pati", "पति") of the land ("bhumi", "भूमि")". Title of "bupati" is used as Javanese title of for regional rulers in precolonial kingdoms. The first recorded usage of this title is from Telaga Batu inscription dated during Sriwijaya period, which mentions "bhupati" as one of title for local rulers who paid allegiance to the Sriwijaya's kings. Related titles which also used in precolonial Indonesia are Adipati ("high lord") and Senapati ("lord of the Army", or "general")

Origin of "regency"

A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. The Indonesian term kabupaten is also sometimes translated as "municipality". Regencies and cities are divided into Districts (Kecamatan).

The English name "regency" comes from the Dutch colonial period, when regencies were ruled by bupati (or regents) and were known as regentschap (kabupaten in Javanese and subsequently Indonesian). Bupati had been regional lords under the pre-colonial monarchies of Java. When the Dutch abolished or curtailed those monarchies, the bupati were left as the most senior indigenous authority. They were not strictly speaking "native rulers" because the Dutch claimed full sovereignty over their territory, but in practice they had many of the attributes of petty kings (including elaborate regalia and palaces, and a high degree of impunity).

Regencies in Java territorial units were grouped together into Residencies headed by exclusively European Residents. This term hinted that the Residents had a quasi-diplomatic status in relation to the bupati (and indeed they had such a relationship with the native rulers who continued to prevail in much of Indonesia outside Java), but in practice the bupati had to follow Dutch instructions on any matter of concern to the colonial authorities.

The relationship between those sides was ambivalent: while legal and military power rested with the Dutch government (or, for a long time, with the Dutch East India Company (commonly known as the VOC, an abbreviation of the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) under a Governor General in Batavia on Java, the regents held higher protocollary rank than the white officials who supposedly advised them and held day-to-day sway over the population. After the independence of Indonesia in 1945, the terms bupati and kabupaten were applied throughout the archipelago to the administrative unit below the residency (karesidenan).

Recent history

Since the start of Reformasi in 1998 a remarkable proliferation of district governments has arisen in Indonesia. This process has become known as pemekaran ("proliferation" or "blossomming"). Following the surge of support for decentralisation across Indonesia which occurred following the end of the Soeharto era in 1998, key new decentralisation laws were passed in 1999. Subsequently, there was a jump in the number of regencies (and cities) from around 300 at the end of 1998 to over 490 in 2008 ten years later. This proliferation of new regencies, welcome at first, has become increasingly controversial within Indonesia because the administrative fragmentation has proved costly and has not brought the hoped-for benefits.

Senior levels of the administration have expressed a general feeling that the process of pemekaran now needs to be slowed down (or even stopped for the time being) but local politicians at various levels across government in Indonesia continue to express strong populist support for the continued creation of new regencies.[4]

Since 1998, a large portion of governance have been delegated from central government in Jakarta to local regencies, with regencies now playing important role in providing services to Indonesian people. [5]


No Regency Capital
1 Aceh Besar Jantho
2 Aceh Jaya Calang
3 Aceh Singkil Singkil
4 Aceh Tamiang Karang Baru
5 Bener Meriah Simpang Tiga Redelong
6 Bireuën Bireuën
7 Central Aceh Takengon
8 East Aceh Langsa
9 Gayo Lues Blangkejeren
10 Nagan Raya Suka Makmue
11 North Aceh Lhoksukon
12 Pidie Sigli
13 Pidie Jaya Meureudu
14 Simeulue Sinabang
15 South Aceh Tapaktuan
16 Southeast Aceh Kutacane
17 Southwest Aceh Blangpidie
18 West Aceh Meulaboh
No City
1 Banda Aceh Banda Aceh
2 Langsa Langsa
3 Lhokseumawe Lhokseumawe
4 Sabang Sabang
5 Subulussalam Subulussalam

North Sumatra

No Regency Capital
1 Asahan Kisaran
2 Batubara Limapuluh
3 Central Tapanuli Pandan
4 Dairi Sidikalang
5 Deliserdang Lubuk Pakam
6 Humbang Hasundutan Dolok Sanggul
7 Karo Kabanjahe
8 Labuhan Batu Rantau Prapat
9 Langkat Stabat
10 Mandailing Natal Panyabungan
11 Nias Gunungsitoli
12 North Labuhan Batu Aek Kanopan
13 North Nias Lotu
14 North Padang Lawas Gunung Tua
15 North Tapanuli Tarutung
16 Padang Lawas Sibuhuan
17 Pakpak Bharat Salak
18 Samosir Panguruan
19 Serdang Bedagai Sei Rampah
20 Simalungun Raya
21 South Labuhan Batu Kota Pinang
22 South Nias Teluk Dalam
23 South Tapanuli Sipirok
24 Toba Samosir Balige
25 West Nias Lahomi
No City
1 Binjai Binjai
2 Gunungsitoli Gunungsitoli
3 Medan Medan
4 Padang Sidempuan Padang Sidempuan
5 Pematangsiantar Pematangsiantar
6 Sibolga Sibolga
7 Tanjung Balai Tanjung Balai
8 Tebing Tinggi Tebing Tinggi

West Sumatra

No Regency Capital
1 Agam Lubuk Basung
2 Dharmasraya Pulau Punjung
3 Lima Puluh Kota Sarilamak
4 Mentawai Islands Tuapejat
5 Padang Pariaman Parit Malintang
6 Pasaman Lubuk Sikaping
7 Sijunjung Muaro Sijunjung
8 Solok Arosuka
9 South Pesisir Painan
10 South Solok Padang Aro
11 Tanah Datar Batusangkar
12 West Pasaman Simpang Empat
No City
1 Bukittinggi Bukittinggi
2 Padang Padang
3 Padang Panjang Padang Panjang
4 Pariaman Pariaman
5 Payakumbuh Payakumbuh
6 Sawahlunto Sawahlunto
7 Solok Solok


No Regency Capital
1 Batang Hari Muara Bulian
2 Bungo Bungo
3 Kerinci Siulak
4 Merangin Bangko
5 Muaro Jambi Sengeti
6 Sarolangun Sarolangun
7 East Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal
8 West Tanjung Jabung Muara Sabak
9 Tebo Tebo
No City
1 Jambi Jambi
2 Sungai Penuh Sungai Penuh


No Regency Capital
1 Bengkalis Regency Bengkalis
2 Indragiri Hilir Tembilahan
3 Indragiri Hulu Regency Rengat
4 Kampar Regency Bangkinang
5 Kuantan Singingi Teluk Kuantan
6 Meranti Islands Selat Panjang
7 Pelalawan Pangkalan Kerinci
8 Rokan Hulu Pasir Pangaraian
9 Rokan Hilir Bagansiapiapi
10 Siak Regency Siak Sriindrapura
No City
1 Dumai Dumai
2 Pekanbaru Pekanbaru


No Regency Capital
1 Central Bengkulu Karang Tinggi
2 Kaur Bintuhan
3 Kepahiang Kepahiang
4 Lebong Muara Aman
5 Muko-Muko Muko-Muko
6 North Bengkulu Argamakmur
7 Rejang Lebong Curup
8 Seluma Tais
9 South Bengkulu Manna
No City
1 Bengkulu Bengkulu

South Sumatra

No Regency Capital
1 Banyuasin Pangkalan Balai
2 East Ogan Komering Ulu Martapura
3 Empat Lawang Tebing Tinggi
4 Lahat Lahat
5 Muarama Enim Muara Enim
6 Musi Banyuasin Sekayu
7 Musi Rawas Muara Beliti Baru
8 North Musi Rawas Rupit
9 Ogan Ilir Indralaya
10 Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung
11 Ogan Komering Ulu Baturaja
12 Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Talang Ubi
13 South Ogan Komering Ulu Muaradua
No City
1 Lubuklinggau Lubuklinggau
2 Pagar Alam Pagar Alam
3 Palembang Palembang
4 Prabumulih Prabumulih


No Regency Capital
1 Central Lampung Gunung Sugih
2 East Lampung Sukadana
3 Mesuji Mesuji
4 North Lampung Kotabumi
5 Pesawaran Gedong Tataan
6 Pringsewu Pringsewu
7 South Lampung Kalianda
8 Tanggamus Kota Agung
9 Tulang Bawang Menggala
10 Way Kanan Blambangan Umpu
11 West Lampung Liwa
12 West Pesisir Krui
13 West Tulang Bawang Central Tulang Bawang
No City
1 Bandar Lampung Bandar Lampung
2 Metro Metro

Bangka–Belitung Islands

No Regency Capital
1 Bangka Sungai Liat
2 Belitung Tanjung Pandan
3 Central Bangka Koba
4 East Belitung Manggar
5 South Bangka Toboali
6 West Bangka Mentok
No City
1 Pangkal Pinang Pangkal Pinang

Riau Islands

No Regency Capital
1 Anambas Islands Tarempa
2 Bintan Bandar Seri Bentan
3 Karimun Tanjung Balai Karimun
4 Lingga Daik
5 Natuna Ranai
No City
1 Batam Batam
2 Tanjung Pinang Tanjung Pinang


No Regency Capital
1 Kepulauan Seribu Pramuka Island
No City
1 Central Jakarta Menteng
2 East Jakarta Jatinegara
3 North Jakarta Koja
4 South Jakarta Kebayoran Baru
5 West Jakarta Tomang


No Regency Capital
1 Lebak Rangkasbitung
2 Pandeglang Pandeglang
3 Serang Serang
4 Tangerang Tigaraksa
No City
1 Cilegon Cilegon
2 Serang Serang
3 Tangerang Tangerang
4 South Tangerang Ciputat

West Java

No Regency Capital
1 Bandung Soreang
2 Bekasi Cikarang
3 Bogor Cibinong
4 Ciamis Ciamis
5 Cianjur Cianjur
6 Cirebon Sumber
7 Garut Garut
8 Indramayu Indramayu
9 Karawang Karawang
10 Kuningan Kuningan
11 Majalengka Majalengka
12 Pangandaran Parigi
13 Purwakarta Purwakarta
14 Subang Subang
15 Sukabumi Pelabuhan Ratu
16 Sumedang Sumedang
17 Tasikmalaya Singaparna
18 West Bandung Ngamprah
No City
1 Bandung Bandung
2 Banjar Banjar
3 Bekasi Bekasi
4 Bogor Bogor
5 Cimahi Cimahi
6 Cirebon Cirebon
7 Depok Depok
8 Sukabumi Sukabumi
9 Tasikmalaya Tasikmalaya

Central Java

No Regency Capital
1 Banjarnegara Banjarnegara
2 Banyumas Purwokerto
3 Batang Batang
4 Blora Regency Blora
5 Boyolali Boyolali
6 Brebes Brebes
7 Cilacap Cilacap
8 Demak Demak
9 Grobogan Purwodadi
10 Jepara Jepara
11 Karanganyar Karanganyar
12 Kebumen Kebumen
13 Kendal Kendal
14 Klaten Klaten
15 Kudus Kudus
16 Magelang Mungkid
17 Pati Pati
18 Pekalongan Kajen
19 Pemalang Pemalang
20 Purbalingga Purbalingga
21 Purworejo Purworejo
22 Rembang Rembang
23 Semarang Ungaran
24 Sragen Sragen
25 Sukoharjo Sukoharjo
26 Tegal Slawi
27 Temanggung Temanggung
28 Wonogiri Wonogiri
29 Wonosobo Wonosobo
No City
1 Magelang Magelang
2 Surakarta Surakarta
3 Salatiga Salatiga
4 Semarang Semarang
5 Pekalongan Pekalongan
6 Tegal Tegal

East Java

No Regency Capital
1 Bangkalan Regency Bangkalan
2 Banyuwangi Banyuwangi
3 Blitar Wlingi
4 Bojonegoro Bojonegoro
5 Bondowoso Bondowoso
6 Gresik Gresik
7 Jember Jember
8 Jombang Jombang
9 Kediri Pare
10 Lamongan Lamongan
11 Lumajang Lumajang
12 Madiun Madiun
13 Magetan Magetan
14 Malang Kepanjen
15 Mojokerto Mojokerto
16 Nganjuk Nganjuk
17 Ngawi Regency Ngawi
18 Pacitan Pacitan
19 Pamekasan Pamekasan
20 Pasuruan Pasuruan
21 Ponorogo Ponorogo
22 Probolinggo Probolinggo
23 Sampang Sampang
24 Sidoarjo Sidoarjo
25 Situbondo Situbondo
26 Sumenep Sumenep
27 Trenggalek Trenggalek
28 Tuban Tuban
29 Tulungagung Tulungagung
No City
1 Batu Batu
2 Blitar Blitar
3 Kediri Kediri
4 Madiun Madiun
5 Malang Malang
6 Mojokerto Mojokerto
7 Pasuruan Pasuruan
8 Probolinggo Probolinggo
9 Surabaya Surabaya

Special Region of Yogyakarta

No Regency Capital
1 Bantul Bantul
2 Gunung Kidul Wonosari
3 Kulon Progo Wates
4 Sleman Sleman
No City
1 Yogyakarta Yogyakarta


No Regency Capital
1 Badung Mangupura
2 Bangli Bangli
3 Buleleng Singaraja
4 Gianyar Gianyar
5 Jembrana Negara
6 Karangasem Amlapura
7 Klungkung Semarapura
8 Tabanan Tabanan
No City
1 Denpasar Denpasar

West Nusa Tenggara

No Regency Capital
1 Bima Woha
2 Central Lombok Praya
3 Dompu Dompu
4 East Lombok Selong
5 North Lombok Tanjung
6 Sumbawa Sumbawa Besar
7 West Lombok Gerung
8 West Sumbawa Taliwang
No City
1 Mataram Mataram
2 Bima Bima

East Nusa Tenggara

No Regency Capital
1 Alor Kalabahi
2 Belu Atambua
3 Central Sumba Waibakul
4 East Flores Larantuka
5 East Manggarai Borong
6 East Sumba Waingapu
7 Ende Ende
8 Kupang Kupang
9 Lembata Lewoleba
10 Malaka Betun
11 Manggarai Ruteng
12 Nagekeo Mbay
13 Ngada Bajawa
14 North Central Timor Kefamenanu
15 Rote Ndao Baa
16 Sabu Raijua West Savu
17 Sikka Maumere
18 South Central Timor Soe
19 Southwest Sumba Tambolaka
20 West Manggarai Labuan Bajo
21 West Sumba Waikabubak
No City
1 Kupang Kupang

West Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Bengkayang Regency Bengkayang
2 Kapuas Hulu Regency Putussibau
3 North Kayong Regency Sukadana
4 Ketapang Regency Ketapang
5 Kubu Raya Regency Sungai Raya
6 Landak Regency Ngabang
7 Melawi Regency Nanga Pinoh
8 Pontianak Mempawah
9 Sambas Regency Sambas
10 Sanggau Regency Sanggau
11 Sekadau Regency Sekadau
12 Sintang Regency Sintang
No City
1 Pontianak Pontianak
2 Singkawang Singkawang

South Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Balangan Paringin
2 Banjar Martapura
3 Barito Kuala Marabahan
4 Central Hulu Sungai Barabai
5 Kotabaru Kotabaru
6 North Hulu Sungai Amuntai
7 South Hulu Sungai Kandangan
8 Tabalong Batulicin
9 Tanah Laut Tanjung
10 Tanah Bumbu Pelaihari
11 Tapin Rantau
No City
1 Banjarbaru Banjarbaru
2 Banjarmasin Banjarmasin

Central Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 East Barito Tamiang
2 East Kotawaringin Sampit
3 Gunung Mas Kuala Kurun
4 Kapuas Kapuas
5 Katingan Kasongan
6 Lamandau Nanga Bulik
7 Murung Raya Puruk Cahu
8 North Barito Muarateweh
9 Pulang Pisang Pulang Pisau
10 Sukamara Sukamara
11 Seruyan Kuala Pembuang
12 South Barito Buntok
13 West Kotawaringin Pangkalan Bun
No City
1 Palangkaraya Palangkaraya

East Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Berau Tanjung Redeb
2 East Kutai Sangatta
3 Kutai Kartanegara Tenggarong
4 Mahakam Ulu Batu Bulan
5 North Penajam Paser Penajam
6 Paser Tanah Grogot
7 West Kutai Sendawar
No City
1 Balikpapan Balikpapan
2 Bontang Bontang
3 Samarinda Samarinda

North Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Bulungan Tanjung Selor
2 Malinau Malinau
3 Nunukan Nunukan
4 Tana Tidung Tidung Pale
No City
1 Tarakan Tarakan


No Regency Capital
1 Boalemo Tilamuta
2 Bone Bolango Suwawa
3 Gorontalo Limboto
4 North Gorontalo Kwandang
5 Pahuwato Marisa
No City
1 Gorontalo Gorontalo

South Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bantaeng Bantaeng
2 Barru Barru
3 Bone Watampone
4 Bulukumba Bulukumba
5 East Luwu Malili
6 Enrekang Enrekang
7 Gowa Sungguminasa
8 Jeneponto Bontosunggu
9 Luwu Belopa
10 North Luwu Masamba
11 North Toraja Rantepao
12 Maros Maros
13 Pangkajene Islands Pangkajene
14 Pinrang Pinrang
15 Selayar Islands Benteng
16 Sinjai Sinjai
17 Sidenreng Rappang Sidenreng
18 Soppeng Watan Soppeng
19 Takalar Takalar
20 Tana Toraja Makale
21 Wajo Sengkang
No City
1 Makassar Makassar
2 Palopo Palopo
3 Pare-Pare Pare-Pare

West Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1. Majene Majene
2. Mamasa Mamasa
3. Mamuju Mamuju
4. North Mamuju Pasangkayu
5. Polewali Mandar Polewali

South East Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bombana Rumbia
2 Buton Bau-Bau
3 East Kolaka Tirawuta
4 Kolaka Kolaka
5 Konawe Unaaha
6 Konawe Islands Langara, Konawe Islands
7 Muna Raha
8 North Buton Burangga
9 North Kolaka Lasusua
10 North Konawe Wanggudu
11 South Konawe Andolo
12 Wakatobi Wangi-Wangi
No City
1 Bau-Bau Bau-Bau
2 Kendari Kendari

In 2012 the Indonesian Government enacted legislation to establish the following additional Regencies and Municipality in Southeast Sulawesi:

  • Konawe Islands Regency
  • East Kolaka Regency
  • South Buton Regency
  • Central Buton Regency
  • West Muna Regency
  • Raha Municipality (City)

Central Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Banggai Luwuk
2 Banggai Islands Salakan
3 Buol Buol
4 Banggai Laut Banggai
5 Donggala Donggala
6 Morowali Bungku
6 North Morowali Kolonodale
8 Parigi Moutong Parigi
9 Poso Poso
10 Sigi Sigi Biromaru
11 Tojo Una-Una Ampana
12 Toli-Toli Toli-Toli
No City
1 Palu Palu

North Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bolaang Mongondow Regency Lolak
2 East Bolaang Mongondow Regency Tutuyan
3 Minahasa Regency Tondano
4 North Bolaang Mongondow Regency Boroko
5 North Minahasa Regency Airmadidi
6 Sangihe Islands Regency Tahuna
7 Sitaro Islands Regency Ondong
8 South Bolaang Mongondow Regency Boolang Uki
9 South Minahasa Regency Amurang
10 Southeast Minahasa Regency Ratahan
11 Talaud Islands Regency Melonguane
No City
1 Bitung Bitung
2 Kotamobagu Kotamobagu
3 Manado Manado
4 Tomohon Tomohon


No Regency Capital
1 Aru Islands Dobo
2 Buru Namlea
3 Central Maluku Masohi
4 Eastern Seram Bula
5 South Buru Namrole
6 Southeast Maluku Tual
7 Southwest Maluku Tiakur
8 Western Seram Piru
9 Western Southeast Maluku Saumlaki
No City
1 Ambon Ambon
2 Tual Tual

North Maluku

No Regency Capital
1 Central Halmahera Weda
2 East Halmahera Maba
3 Morotai Islands South Morotai
4 North Halmahera Tobelo
5 South Halmahera Labuha
6 Sula Islands Sanana
7 Taliabu Island Bobong
8 West Halmahera Jailolo
No City
1 Ternate Ternate
2 Tidore Islands Soasiu

West Papua

No Regency Capital
1 Fak-Fak Fak-Fak
2 Kaimana Kaimana
3 Manokwari Manokwari
4 Maybrat Kumurkek
5 Raja Ampat Waisai
6 Pegunungan Arfak
(Arfak Mountains)
7 Sorong Aimas *
8 South Manokwari Ransiki
9 South Sorong Teminabuan
10 Tambrauw Fef
11 Teluk Bintuni Bintuni
12 Teluk Wondama Rasiei
No City
1 Sorong Sorong


No Regency Capital
1 Asmat Agats
2 Biak Numfor Biak
3 Boven Digoel Tanahmerah
4 Central Mamberamo Kobakma
5 Deiyai Tigi
6 Dogiyai Kigamani
7 Intan Jaya Sugapa
8 Jayapura Sentani
9 Jayawijaya Wamena
10 Keerom Waris
11 Lanny Jaya Tiom
12 Mamberamo Raya Burmeso
13 Mappi Kepi
14 Merauke Merauke
15 Mimika Timika
16 Nabire Nabire
17 Nduga Kenyam
18 Paniai Enarotali
19 Pegunungan Bintang Oksibil
20 Puncak Ilaga
21 Puncak Jaya Kota Mulia
22 Sarmi Sarmi
23 Supiori Sorendiweri
24 Tolikara Karubaga
25 Waropen Botawa
26 Yahukimo Sumohai
27 Yalimo Elelim
28 Yapen Islands Serui
No City
1 Jayapura Jayapura


Template:Types of administrative country subdivision

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