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Title: Pumbeditha  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Anbar (town), Talmud, Timeline of Jewish history, Ashkenazi Jews, Jewish philosophy, Sherira Gaon, Bukharan Jews
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Shown within Iraq
Location Iraq In the vicinity of Fallujah, Iraq

33°21′04″N 43°47′10″E / 33.351111°N 43.786111°E / 33.351111; 43.786111

Pumbedita (sometimes Pumbeditha, Pumpedita, or Pumbedisa; Aramaic: פומבדיתא‎) was the name of a city in ancient Babylonia close to the modern-day city of Fallujah. The city had a large Jewish population and was famed for its Talmudic academy scholarship that, together with the city of Sura, gave rise to the Babylonian Talmud. The academy there was founded by Judah ben Ezekiel in the late third century.

The Babylonian Talmud mentions an incident where Rav Sheishet, a famous dayan (rabbinic judge) from Nehardea, uses Pumbedita as part of a jest in an argument with Rav Amram after Rav Amram made a forced argument regarding whether children can assume ownership of a father's property in a case of doubtful transference of real property rights. After Rav Amram stated his position, Rav Sheishet retorted: "Are you from Pumbedita, where they push an elephant through the eye of a needle?" (Baba Metzia, 38b - a variant of the "eye of a needle" aphorisms). As in most debates, the jest was not the end of the argument.

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