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Prostitution in Pakistan

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Title: Prostitution in Pakistan  
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Subject: Crime in Pakistan, Prostitution in Bangladesh, Prostitution in Asia, Sociology, Urbanisation in Pakistan
Collection: Crime in Pakistan, Prostitution by Country, Prostitution in Pakistan
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Prostitution in Pakistan

Legal status of prostitution across Asia.
  Prostitution legal and regulated
  Prostitution (the exchange of sex for money) legal, but organized activities such as brothels and pimping are illegal; prostitution is not regulated
  Prostitution illegal
  No data

Prostitution in Pakistan is a brothels or furthered by individual call girls in the Punjab province of Pakistan.[1][2][3] The sex trade is deemed illegal in the country due to the declaration of extramarital sex as an immoral activity. Pakistani prostitutes, thus, operate underground and in spite of the legal difficulties, prostitution in Pakistan is prevalent.[4] In some areas of the country prostitution is strictly illegal and traditionally punishable by death, especially in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan regions.

Most analysts recognize non-governmental organisations are beginning to worry about issues like discrimination and AIDS.


  • History 1
  • Female prostitution 2
  • Male prostitution 3
  • Law 4
  • See also 5
  • References and notes 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8


The clan system in South Asia, involving various clans and sects, has always been a ground for segregated skill development. In the region, occupational clans evolved over time providing specific skills to the society through hereditary exclusion from others. Being a blacksmith, goldsmith, shoemaker, or gardener etc. Thus, became hereditary professions of specific communities. Over time, a professional clan which favoured the society with services of prostitution also evolved. Men and women belonging to the community committed themselves to the sex trade, where men stayed as supportive influences and women were the main workers. The non-elite had a parallel system, that of brothels, which evolved much later when they no longer were controlled by the kings and nobility was loosened. It coincided with the growth of sea-trade where sailors became good clientele for the low-ranking prostitutes. During the British Raj, the earlier nobility was replaced by a new nobility composed of those who showed loyalty for the British. This new nobility was incapable of taking the role of patrons like earlier kings, and so the British provided much need patronage for the profession to grow and regulated the trade.[6]

Prostitution was formalised for the first time in the South Asia by the British government in the mid-18th century. The British colonialists enacted special laws, created "red light" areas and assigned the task of protecting women sex workers to law-enforcing agencies. Municipalities overlooking the sex districts were given the responsibility of collecting taxes and providing health and sanitation services to the brothels.[5]

After the harmonium and tabla played by the mirasis.[8] Where Lahore and Multan were the known contenders in the trade, other cities also had their own red-light districts which may include Ghulam abad and Aminpur bazar in Faisalabad Napier Road in Karachi and Qasai Gali in Rawalpindi. The prostitutes retained the hereditary character of their occupation and the social stigma.[7]

During the rule of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, who tried to Islamise the nation, prostitution was viewed as an "evil" in society, and attempts were made to eradicate prostitution. Attempts were also made to curb music and dancing. The hours for performance of the dancing girls were reduced to two hours every evening. Police checkpoints were established in all entrances of red-light districts during the hours of rehearsing or practising music where the names of the visitors in red-light areas were recorded in police register, frightening the clients away.[9]

Female prostitution

The women involved in the practice of prostitution in Pakistan can be divided into three broad categories: women who have been trafficked or lured into the profession, women who have been born into the profession and women who willingly seek out a pimp to make extra money.[10] Trafficked women are mainly found in the brothels, while those who willingly join this profession work as call girls, usually accompanied by a dalal or bharva or pimp. Those born into the profession are 'schooled' at home and operate under the management of their mother or another older female relative.[11]

Prostitution, especially in brothels, often remains associated with human trafficking as trafficked women are sold into brothels. In 2003, approximately 20,000 minors were engaged in prostitution in Pakistan.[12]

A recent study indicated that major cities like Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad and Multan have large population of sex workers. Many sex workers in these cities operate from hotels or homes. Some cities have red-light districts, but due to illegal status of prostitution, many sex workers work in homes and other private facilities.[13] There are very few identifiable traditional red-light districts in the cities in Pakistan. Prostitution in Pakistan is dispersed throughout urban areas in residential suburbs.[4]

Cities like Karachi and Lahore are major base of operation for call-girls. In Karachi, many girls take on the occupation of call-girls independently; however most girls enter into prostitution after coming into contact with a pimp. The girls share 40%–50% of their income with the pimps. Some call girls work with the pimps under a fixed monthly amount, and the pimps provide police protection, shelter and bear daily expenses. Many call girls learn dance-forms like mujra to earn more money.[5] Most of the prostitutes operating in affluent urban areas are educated and belong to the middle-class.[4]

According to a 2001 report by

  • The Punjab Suppression of Prostitution Ordinance, 1961

External links

  • Barry, Kathleen (1996), The Prostitution of Sexuality,  
  • Moses, Stephen A.; Blanchard, James; Kang, Han; Emmanuel, Faran (2006), AIDS in South Asia, World Bank Publications,  
  • Murray, Stephen O.; Roscoe, Will; Allyn, Eric (1997), Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature,  
  • Saeed, Fouzia (2001). Taboo!: The Hidden Culture of a Red Light Area. Karachi: Oxford University Press.  
  • Saeed, Fouzia (2006). "Chapter 6: Good women, bad women: prostitution in Pakistan". In Gangoli, Geetanjali; Westmarland, Nicole. International Approaches to Prostitution: Law and policy in Europe and Asia. The Policy Press, University of Bristol. pp. 141–164.  
  • West, Donald James; Green, Richard (1997), Sociolegal Control of Homosexuality: A Multi-Nation Comparison, Springer,  

Further reading

Akram M. (2011). "Prostitution; A Need or A Want?", NCHD - Pakistan.

  1. ^ Punjab Newsline, Thousands of girls from Punjab forced into prostitution abroad
  2. ^ From baby-sitting to prostitution in Punjab
  3. ^ Sheed Society
  4. ^ a b c d "Sex Work in Asia".  
  5. ^ a b c """Supply and demand: Karachi's "call girls. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  6. ^ a b Saeed 2006, p. 142
  7. ^ a b Saeed 2006, pp. 142–143
  8. ^ Saeed 2001, pp. 131–138
  9. ^ Saeed 2006, p. 149
  10. ^ Saeed 2006, p. 158
  11. ^ Saeed 2006, p. 157
  12. ^ "20,000 children engaged in prostitution in Pakistan". The Daily Times (Pakistan). 
  13. ^ Moses, Blanchard, Kang & Emmanuel 2006, p. 23
  14. ^ "Millions Suffer in Sex Slavery". News Max. Retrieved 2010-05-25. 
  15. ^ International Organization for Migration (IOM) (2004). Trafficking in Persons: An Analysis of Afghanistan. p. 39. 
  16. ^ a b Murray, Roscoe & Allyn 1997, p. 267
  17. ^ a b c Murray, Roscoe & Allyn 1997, p. 268
  18. ^ Murray, Roscoe & Allyn 1997, p. 269
  19. ^ a b Murray, Roscoe & Allyn 1997, p. 270
  20. ^ West & Green 1997, p. 125
  21. ^ "Homosexuality in Pakistan". Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  22. ^ "Adolescents and Reproductive health in Pakistan". Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  23. ^ a b West & Green 1997, p. 120
  24. ^ a b Saeed 2006, p. 152
  25. ^ "ACT No. VI OF 2006".  
  26. ^ Saeed 2006, p. 154
  27. ^ Saeed 2006, p. 155

References and notes

See also

In the 1950s, "dancing-girls" were legitimized as "artists" in a High Court order. Thus they were permitted to perform for three hours in the evening. This is the only legal cover they have obtained till date. Other carnal activities, red-light districts and brothels remain illegal business and operate as an open secret let be by offering huge sums in bribe to the police. Many areas in Pakistan like Heera Mandi in Lahore and 12 No Chungi in Sargodha are govt licensed areas and police protect them due to some political reasons.[27]

Sexual relations between two consenting adults was not a crime in Pakistan before 1979. Only the involvement of minors in prostitution was prohibited by law.[24] Later the Zina Ordinance was enacted and extramarital sex became a criminal offence.[26]

Section 371A and section 371B of the Pakistan Penal Code states:

Prostitution has no legal recognition in Pakistan. Moreover despite growth of male prostitution and gay prostitution, homosexuality is outlawed in the nation. Under Section 377 of the Pakistan Penal Code, whoever voluntarily has "carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal" shall be punished by 100 lashes and from 2 years to life imprisonment.[21][22][23] While arrests are not common for homosexuality, the law is used as a tool to blackmail. Police frequently take money or sex from people they know to be involved in commercial or non-commercial homosexual relationship.[23] Pakistani law is greatly influenced by the Penal Code drawn up by the British in 1892. This remains a major element of the current Pakistani law.[24]


Many male prostitutes offer services at hotel rooms booked for the purpose instead of the client's residence. This is because while accompanying a client to his residence prostitutes become vulnerable to assault or robbery. Some prostitutes have sex with clients in the back seat of the client's car.[17] There are many part-time prostitutes who are students, salespersons, workers in hotels and garages. They become involved in the profession to earn extra money, and often to get a job in the film industry.[18] Some involved in prostitution often manage to save enough money to go abroad in search of a job.[19] Many boys are frequently used by the police without getting paid. Plainclothes police officers are often involved in the extortion and blackmail of male prostitutes.[19][20]

Male and gay prostitution is increasing in Pakistan, though gay prostitution is not a recent phenomenon in the country. British explorer Richard Francis Burton, who visited the Sindh region long before the British conquest, documented a brothel of boy prostitutes in Karachi. Today many areas of large cities in the country have become virtual red-light districts for gay sex.[16] Male prostitutes operate their business in every city and major town in Pakistan.[17] Clients of male prostitutes come from every class, age group and profession.[16] Homosexual men belonging to the upper and middle classes frequently pick up male prostitutes from video game shops, restaurants and cold-drinks spots. Young male prostitutes generally find customers in places like dark alleys, crowded bus stops, shopping centres, cinemas, hotel lobbies, parks, railway stations, hospitals, school compounds, elevators of public buildings etc. Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Sabzi Mandi, Kharadar, Lea Market, Landhi, Malir, and Lyari in Karachi are places visited by homosexuals from lower income groups. Clients in these areas primarily consist of bus drivers and conductors, night watchmen, labourers from upcountry, policemen, low-income government officials, small-time businesspersons etc.[17]

Male prostitution

Affluent men in the nation may have a second or even a third wife who may be a mistress with whom they have had a semi-permanent sexual relationship in return for financial support. These men acts as patron of these women who do not view their relationship in terms that of a client and a sex worker but as a loving relationship or as courtesan. The children born by these relationships are supported by their father.[4]


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