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Pitschen

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Pitschen

For other places with the same name, see Byczyna (disambiguation).
Byczyna

Coat of arms
Byczyna
Byczyna

Coordinates: 51°7′N 18°13′E / 51.117°N 18.217°E / 51.117; 18.217

Country  Poland
Voivodeship Opole
County Kluczbork
Gmina Byczyna
Area
 • Total 5.79 km2 (2.24 sq mi)
Elevation 197 m (646 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,677
 • Density 640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Postal code 46-220
Website http://www.byczyna.pl

Byczyna [bɨˈt͡ʂɨna] (Latin: Bicina, Bicinium, German: Pitschen) is a town in Kluczbork County, Opole Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,708 inhabitants (2004).

The town of Byczyna was first mention in 1054 when it temporarily served as the capital of the Bishopric of Wrocław. After the loss of the Silesian duchies by the kingdom of Poland in the early 14th century Pitschen was for centuries a border town [1] (near the border to Poland) and located north of Kluczbork and Rosenberg in Upper Silesia. The battle (Battle of Pitschen) took place near Byczyna between Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria, who was elected as king of Poland, and Sigismund of Sweden who also was elected as king, on January 24, 1588. Maximilian was defeated. He surrendered and went to imprisonment. The German author Gustav Freytag[2] reports in his memories about yearly border violations at Byczyna.

Famous persons connected to Byczyna

  • Dr Eliasz Kreczmar (von Löven), physician and astronomer married Maria Cunitz
  • Maria Cunitz 1610-1664 born in Wohlau (Lower Silesia) died at Pitschem, famous German female astronomer
  • Priest Johann Dzierzon famous scientist, an autochthon Silesian, went to school at Byczyna
  • Martin Wilhelm Kutta (November 3, 1867 – December 25, 1944) mathematician.
  • Theologian Adam Quasius 1673 -1736, author of several books about theology, and Deacon at St. Elisabeth Church in Breslau (now Wroclaw)

References

External links

  • Map of Silesia 1600, Pitzen north of Creiteberg in Ducatus Bregensis
  • Jewish Community in Byczyna on Virtual Shtetl

Gallery

Coordinates: 51°07′N 18°13′E / 51.117°N 18.217°E / 51.117; 18.217


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