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Pignon, Haiti

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Pignon, Haiti

Pignon
Piyon
Pignon
Location in Haiti
Coordinates:
Country Haiti
Department Nord
Arrondissement Saint-Raphaël
Elevation 358 m (1,175 ft)
Population (7 August 2003)[1]
 • Total 29,327

Pignon (Haitian Creole: Piyon) is a commune in the Saint-Raphaël Arrondissement, in the Nord Department of Haiti. It has 29,327 inhabitants.

Government

Pignon's territory includes the Sections Communales of Savanette and La Belle Mère. During the November 28, 2010 election, Mr. Hidson Nelson was reelected as the Deputy for Pignon, Lavictoire, and Ranquite for 5 years. As of 2010, Dioda B. Calixte is Principal Mayor, aided by Maire Adjoint Géoderme Desrosiers and Maire Adjoint Silton Laguerre.[2]

History

Pignon is located at the border of the Central Plateau and North Departments. When France first acquired the western third of the island[3][4] from Spain, Pignon laid right at the border of French and Spanish territories. It was founded in 1699 by Jean Guillaume de Pignon, one of the first French tradesmen and plantation owners who settled the western portion of Hispaniola after the Treaty of Ryswick with Spain. The vast valleys were suitable for tobacco, sugar cane, coffee, banana, mangoes, cocoa and animal production for export to France and trade with the Spanish neighbors in Hinche. The mountain chain overlooking the valleys provided protection against tropical storms and tornadoes, made the area even more desirable to Guillaume. Later, with over 700 male slaves in different plantations throughout the area, he and his family turned the area into a commercial trading hub of sort. He and his family settled the village, right at the foot of the mountain which bears his name to this day.

Facilities

Transportation

(Pignon Airport), a 3,500 ft long (1,100 m) grass landing strip is served by charter and scheduled air service, mostly to and from Port-au-Prince. Mission Aviation Fellowship operates scheduled flights to Pignon from Port-au-Prince out of the small Guy Malary Terminal at Toussaint Louverture International Airport on 1 PM on Mondays and Fridays. A tap-tap van also runs between Pignon and Port-au-Prince, usually picking up passengers in the afternoon in front of the International Terminal at Toussaint Louverture International Airport and traveling along RN3 through Mirebalais and Hinche before returning to Pignon at night.

Numerous other shared-ride trucks and buses run between Pignon and smaller surrounding communities. Shared trucks from a cooperative depot in Pignon provide transportation for merchants to sell their goods in the larger markets of Port-au-Prince and on different market days in other cities.

Education

Notable High Schools

  • Collège de la Grace, the reverend pastor Caleb Lucien, Director
  • Collège Frederick Marcellin, The Reverend Pastor Jephthe Lucien, Director
  • Lycée National de Pignon
×Collège Henry Christophe de Pignon
×Troisième Cycle Toussaint Lourverture 
×Collège Mixte l'Union de Pignon
Lajeune Secondary School
√Collège HAFF de Bohoc
√Collège Nouvelle Vision de Lajeune 
√Collège Foi Chrétien de Lajeune

Primary schools

École Saint Joseph, École Nationale Capois La Mort, École baptiste Conservatrice, and École Baptiste Jerusalem, Institution Vallee d'Adoration et Benediction (IVAB) Augmentation d'informations par Jacsonne Milord, Directeur fondateur Collège Henry-Christaphe de Pignon CHCP.-

Health

Pignon has relatively high quality health care in the nation. Hôpital Bienfaisance is a well-equipped hospital with modern technology, many personnel and other resources to provide a wide range of advanced medical services.[5] The Dispensaire St. Joseph de Pignon provides free and low-cost primary care, plus basic laboratory tests and dentistry, and maintains an on-site pharmacy.[6]

Bon Secours Agrovet provides veterinary services and medications to Pignon and the surrounding region.

Economy

Pignon is one of the country's top suppliers for sugarcane and alcohol. There are many and vast plantations of sugarcane. Back in the days, farmers used to make their living by providing syrup and molasses to companies like Welch. Now, planters use their sugarcane to make clarin and sell it to the local market and throughout the nation.

References

  1. ^ Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI)
  2. ^ . Ministère de l'Intérieur et des Collectivités Territoriales http://www.mict.gouv.ht/Commune/265. 
  3. ^ "Hispaniola Article". Britannica.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Dominican Republic 2014". Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hospital Bienfaisance". 
  6. ^ "Health Clinic". 
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