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Parama-Kamboja

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Parama-Kamboja

Template:History of Tajikistan Parama Kamboja Kingdom was mentioned in the epic Mahabharata to be on the far north west along with the Bahlika, Uttara Madra and Uttara Kuru countries. It is was located in parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.[1][2][3] Arjuna had visited this place during his military campaign for Yudhisthira's Rajasuya sacrifice.

Lohan.paramaKambojan.Rishikan.uttaranapi (2.27.25).

The above Rishikas who are neighbors to the Parama Kambojas are known as northern (uttran) Rishikas. Like the Shakas, Pahlavas, Kambojas, Paradas, a section of the Rishikas had also migrated to west/south-west India prior to Christian era. There is an epic reference to a section of Rishikas who were located in Khandes in Maharashtra. They were the southern Rishikas. See also: Rishikas

A verse from the Udyoga Parava of Mahabharata attests that the Shakas, Pahlavas, Paradas, Kambojas-Rishikas were located on the western-sea shores in Anupa regions ( Anupadesa in/around Narbada/Tapti?) in south-western India:

Shakanam Pahlavana.n cha Daradanam cha ye nripah |
Kamboja.Rishika ye cha pashchim.anupakash cha ye ||5.5.15||

The Daradas in the above verse seems to be a copyist’s mistake for the Paradas since it were the Paradas (not the Daradas) who had formed a part of the well known 'pānca-ganah' (five-hordes) of the numerous Puranic texts. A section of Paradas had moved to western India around Christian era and are referenced as Pardane in Ptolemy’s Geography (Dr M. R. Singh).

Parama Kamboja Horses

Besides numerous references to the excellent steeds of Kamboja, Mahabharata also refers to horses from Parama-Kamboja and also notes them also as of excellent (shreshtha) quality (MBH Gorakhpore rec. 8.38.13-14, 10.13.1-2) etc.

In Karana Parava, Karna offers in gift Parama Kamboja horses to those who discovers Arjuna for him in Kurukshetra (8,38.13-14).

Drona Parava refers to six thousand soldiers of Prabhadaraka/Prabhadrakastu (handsome) Kambojas (i.e. Parama Kambojas), borne by golden chariots pulled by the foremost (shreshthai) steeds of the Parama Kamboja breed of the varigated hue. The steeds were all decked with wreaths of gold (7.23.42-43).

Sauptika Parva tells us that Krishna was borne in a chariot drawn by horses from the best breed of Parama Kamboja decked with garlands of gold (10.38. 13).

Parama Kambojas in Kurukshetra War

Drona Parava of Mahabharata refers to 6000 soldiers from the Parama Kamboja group who had sided with the Pandavas against the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra war. They have been described as "very handsome, very fortunate Kambojas" (prabhadrakastu Kambojah),[4] extremely fierce, 'Personification of Death' (samanmrityo), fearful like Yama, the god of death and rich like Kuber i.e. god of treasure (Kambojah.... Yama. vaishravan.opamah: 7.23.42-44). They probably were mercenary soldiers who appear to have joined Kurukshetra war on invitation from Panchala prince Dhristadyumna.[5][6]

See also

References

    "The six thousands Prabhadrarakastu (very handsome) Kamboja soldiers, resembling Yama (god of death) in fearful bearing and Kuber in riches (Vaisravana= Kuber, the god of riches), riding on the their golden chariots pulled by excellent steeds of the Parama Kamboja breed of diverse hues and decked with chains of gold, striking fear into the hearts of the hostile soldiers, with upraised weapons, with stretched bows and making their foes tremble with their showers of arrows and resolved to die together followed Dhristadyumna". (See: Ancient Kamboja, People and the Country, 1981, p 69, Dr J. L. Kamboj; The Kambojas Through the Ages, 2005, p 44, S Kirpal Singh)
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Books/References

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