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Outline of Hinduism

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Outline of Hinduism

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Hinduism:

Hinduism – predominant and indigenous religious tradition[1] of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism is known to its followers[2] as Sanātana Dharma (a Sanskrit phrase meaning "the eternal law that sustains/upholds/surely preserves"[3][4]), amongst many other expressions.[5][6] Hinduism has no single founder, and is formed of diverse traditions,[7] including a wide spectrum of laws and prescriptions of "daily morality" based on the notion of karma, dharma, and societal norms. Among its direct roots is the historical Vedic religion of Iron Age India and, as such, Hinduism is often called the "oldest living religion"[8] or the "oldest living major religion" in the world.[9][10][11][12]


  • Essence of Hinduism 1
  • Denominations of Hinduism and related topics 2
    • Smartism 2.1
    • Shaivism 2.2
    • Shaktism 2.3
    • Vaishnavism 2.4
    • Ganapatya 2.5
    • Saura 2.6
    • Ayyavazhi 2.7
  • History of Hinduism 3
  • General Hinduism concepts 4
  • Science, medicine, and cosmology 5
    • Time 5.1
  • Hindu philosophy 6
  • Hindu texts 7
  • Traditions of Hinduism 8
  • Worship 9
  • Animals, people, places, and things in Hindu mythology 10
    • Places 10.1
    • Animals 10.2
    • Items 10.3
    • People 10.4
    • Non-human races 10.5
      • Daitya 10.5.1
  • Teachers 11
    • Vedanta 11.1
    • Bhakti 11.2
    • Other schools of Hindu thought 11.3
  • Politicians 12
  • Politics 13
  • Freedom fighters 14
  • Social leaders 15
  • Religious organisations 16
  • Other terms and concepts 17
  • Hindu lists 18
  • Further reading 19
  • References 20
  • External links 21

Essence of Hinduism

Main article: Hinduism

Denominations of Hinduism and related topics






  • Ganesha×

People around the world worship lord ganesha. This practice may be referred as ganapatya.



History of Hinduism

Main article: History of Hinduism

General Hinduism concepts

Science, medicine, and cosmology


Hindu philosophy

Hindu texts

Traditions of Hinduism


Animals, people, places, and things in Hindu mythology





Non-human races





Other schools of Hindu thought



Freedom fighters

Social leaders

Religious organisations

Other terms and concepts

Hindu lists

Main article: List of Hinduism topics

Further reading

  • Dowson, John (1888). A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion, Geography, History, and Literature. Trubner & Co., London. 


  1. ^ Hinduism is variously defined as a "religion", "set of religious beliefs and practices", "religious tradition" etc. For a discussion on the topic, see: "Establishing the boundaries" in Gavin Flood (2003), pp. 1-17. René Guénon in his Introduction to the Study of the Hindu doctrines (1921 ed.), Sophia Perennis, ISBN 0-900588-74-8, proposes a definition of the term "religion" and a discussion of its relevance (or lack of) to Hindu doctrines (part II, chapter 4, p. 58).
  2. ^ A Historical-developmental study of classical Indian philosophy of morals, Rajendra Prasad, Centre for Studies in Civilizations (Delhi, India), Concept Publishing Company, 2009, ISBN 81-8069-595-6, ISBN 978-81-8069-595-7
  3. ^ Hinduism that is Sanatana Dharma, R. S. Nathan, Chinmaya Mission, 1989, ISBN 81-7597-065-0, ISBN 978-81-7597-065-6
  4. ^ A conceptual-analytic study of classical Indian philosophy of morals, Rajendra Prasad, from preface of the book, Centre for Studies in Civilizations (Delhi, India), Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy, and Culture. Sub Project: Consciousness, Science, Society, Value, and Yoga, Concept Publishing Company, 2008, ISBN 81-8069-544-1, ISBN 978-81-8069-544-5
  5. ^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Ed. John Bowker. Oxford University Press, 2000;
  6. ^ The term "Dharma" connotes much more than simply "law". It is not only the doctrine of religious and moral rights, but also the set of religious duties, social order, right conduct and virtuous things and deeds. As such Dharma is the Code of Ethics.[1] The modern use of the term can be traced to late 19th century  ). See also René Guénon, Introduction to the Study of the Hindu Doctrines (1921 ed.), Sophia Perennis, ISBN 0-900588-74-8, part III, chapter 5 "The Law of Manu", p. 146. On the meaning of the word "Dharma", see also René Guénon, Studies in Hinduism, Sophia Perennis, ISBN 0-900588-69-3, chapter 5, p. 45
  7. ^ Osborne 2005, p. 9
  8. ^ D. S. Sarma, Kenneth W. Morgan, The Religion of the Hindus, 1953
  9. ^ Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Encyclopedia, Merriam-Webster, 2000, p. 751 
  10. ^ in the world.Laderman, Gary (2003), Religion and American Cultures: An Encyclopedia of Traditions, Diversity, and Popular Expressions, Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, p. 119,  
  11. ^ Turner, Jeffrey S. (1996), Encyclopedia of relationships across the lifespan, Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, p. 359,  
  12. ^ Klostermaier 1994, p. 1

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