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Oneida County, Wisconsin


Oneida County, Wisconsin

Oneida County, Wisconsin
Oneida County Courthouse in Rhinelander
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oneida County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1887
Named for Oneida people
Seat Rhinelander
Largest city Rhinelander
 • Total 1,236 sq mi (3,201 km2)
 • Land 1,113 sq mi (2,883 km2)
 • Water 123 sq mi (319 km2), 10%
 • (2010) 35,998
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .gov.wi.oneida.cowww

Oneida County is a county in the state of Wisconsin, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 35,998.[1] Its county seat is Rhinelander.[2]


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • Airport 2.3
    • National protected area 2.4
  • Demographics 3
  • Communities 4
    • City 4.1
    • Towns 4.2
    • Census-designated places 4.3
    • Unincorporated communities 4.4
    • Ghost towns 4.5
  • See also 5
  • References 6


Oneida County was formed in 1887 from sections of Lincoln County.[3] It was named after the indigenous Oneida tribe, one of the five nations of the Iroquois.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2), of which 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2) is land and 123 square miles (320 km2) (%) is water.[4] Most people visit Oneida County to enjoy its lakes. In particular, tourists flock to Minocqua, a town of nearly 5,000 people with a summer population around 15,000.

Adjacent counties

Major highways


  • KRHI - Rhinelander / Oneida County Airport

The Rhinelander / Oneida County Airport (KRHI) serves the county and surrounding communities with both scheduled commercial jet service and general aviation services. Located two miles southwest of Rhinelander, the airport handles approximately 24,860 operations per year, with approximately 88% general aviation, 6% scheduled commercial air service, and 6% air taxi. The airport has a 6,799-ft. concrete runway with approved ILS, GPS, and VOR/DME approaches (Runway 9-27) and a 5,201-ft. asphalt crosswind runway with approved GPS approaches (Runway 15-33). In addition, the Rhinelander VORTAC (RHI) navigational facility is located at the field. [5]

National protected area


2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oneida County

At the census[11] of 2000, there were 36,776 people, 15,333 households, and 10,487 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 26,627 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.4% were of German, 8.8% Polish, 7.9% Irish, 5.2% Norwegian and 5.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,333 households out of which 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.


Oneida County sign on U.S. Route 45



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.  
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  

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