World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nordic Cross

Article Id: WHEBN0003770057
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nordic Cross  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flag of Greenland, Flag of the Kalmar Union, Le Mouvement Normand, Northern Cross, Nordic countries
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nordic Cross

The Nordic Cross Flag, is a term for flags usually associated with the flags of the Scandinavian countries of which it originated and where the image on the flag is the so-called Scandinavian cross. All of the Nordic countries have adopted such flags. All Scandinavian flags may be flown as gonfalons as well.

The first flag with the design was the Danish Dannebrog; thereafter, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, and some of their subdivisions used this as inspiration for their own flags. The Norwegian flag was the first Nordic cross flag with three colours. Though the flags share this pattern, they have individual histories and symbolism.[1]

Some of the flags in this list do not have official status. Also, note that flag proportions may vary between the different flags and sometimes even between different versions of the same flag.

Flags of the Nordic countries

Note that most of these flags are historical or have not been officially adopted and their use remains limited.







Flags of Germany

Nordic flags in Germany were historically used to allude to the nation's Norse heritage and Nordic origins. Nordic flag designs very similar to Denmark's, Sweden's, and Norway's national flags were proposed as Germany's national flags in both 1919 and 1948, after World War I and World War II, respectively. Today, the Nordic cross is a feature in some city and district flags or coats of arms.

Flags of the United Kingdom

Many locations in Scotland and England were colonized by Norwegian and Danish settlers and viking raiders during the 9th, 10th, and 11th centuries. Several locales, particularly in the Scottish islands, have flags or have had flag proposals based on the Nordic cross as a recognition of this Scandinavian heritage. This was included in the flag of the West Riding of Yorkshire which depicts the cross of St. George, the historic symbol of England, with the vertical band off-centre to the left, in the format adopted by most Scandinavian countries.



  • The unofficial flag of the Scottish Highlands features a Nordic Cross.

Flags of Estonia

The Nordic cross has a long history in Estonia, dating back to 1219. The Nordic flag is originated from Estonia, where according to the Danish legend, it fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse. Because of the long Danish and Swedish rule in Estonia, the Nordic cross flags have been evident as county flags in many of Estonian counties since 1219.

Flags of Latvia

Large parts of today's Latvia have been under Swedish and also Danish rule. Many territories in Latvia have begun using Nordic cross flags. Sometimes this is done to bolster the locality's association with the Scandinavian states (and, as with the proposed flag of Latvia, to assert a Baltic identity over a long-standing affiliation with the Russian sphere of influence).

Swedish historian Carl-Gustav Liljenberg suggests that Erik XIV of Sweden adopted the blue and yellow cross coat of arms of the city of Riga in 1562, in order to incorporate Riga's important trade system with the Swedish. There is also some evidence that the flag of Scania has its origin in the Archdiocese of Riga. The diocese's yellow coat of arms on a red background derives its origin from Albert de Buxhoevden (Bishop of Riga from 1199-1229), who founded both the diocese in 1201 and the Order of the Sword in 1202. Andreas Sunesen adopted this coat of arms as his own and that of the Archdiocese of Lund.[5]

Flags of ethnic or linguistic groups

Non-Nordic Cross flags of areas associated with the Nordic countries

Although different, the offset of the circles and the lines are reminiscent of the Nordic cross flags.

Image gallery

See also


External links

  • ).
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.