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NRP Sagres (1937)

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Title: NRP Sagres (1937)  
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NRP Sagres (1937)

The Portuguese Navy school ship Sagres under full sail
History
Germany
Name: Albert Leo Schlageter
Namesake: Albert Leo Schlageter
Builder:
Launched: 1937
Fate: Seized as war reparation by the United States
Acquired: 1944
Fate: Sold to the Brazilian Navy
Brazil
Name: Guanabara
Acquired: 1948
Fate: Sold to Portuguese Navy
Portugal
Name: NRP Sagres
Acquired: 1961
Status: Training ship
General characteristics
Type: Barque
Displacement: 1,755 long tons (1,783 t)
Length: 89 m (292 ft 0 in) o/a
Beam: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
Draught: 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
Sail plan: 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft) sail area
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph)

The NRP Sagres is a tall ship and school ship of the Portuguese Navy since 1961. As the third ship with this name in the Portuguese Navy, she is sometimes referred to as Sagres III.

Line art of the NRP Sagres

Contents

  • Design and specifications 1
  • Ship history 2
  • Sister ships 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Design and specifications

The ship is a steel-built three masted barque, with square sails on the fore and main masts and gaff rigging on the mizzen mast. Her main mast rises 42 m above the deck. She carries 22 sails totaling about 2,000 m² (21,000 ft²) and can reach a top speed of 17 knots (31 km/h) under sail. She has a sparred length of 89 m (295 ft), a width of 12 m (40 ft), a draught of 5.2 m (17 ft), and a displacement at full load of 1,755 tons.

Ship history

The three-masted ship was launched under the name Albert Leo Schlageter on 30 October 1937 at Blohm & Voss in Hamburg for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. The ship was named after Albert Leo Schlageter, who was executed in 1923 by French forces occupying the Ruhr area. Her first commander was Bernhard Rogge. Sagres is a sister ship of the Gorch Fock, the Horst Wessel, and the Romanian training vessel Mircea. Another sister, Herbert Norkus, was not completed, while Gorch Fock II was built in 1958 by the Germans to replace the ships lost after the war.

Following a number of international training voyages, the ship was used as a stationary office ship after the outbreak of World War II and was only put into ocean-going service again in 1944 in the Baltic Sea. On 14 November 1944 she hit a Soviet mine off Sassnitz and had to be towed to port in Swinemünde. Eventually transferred to Flensburg, she was taken over there by the Allies when the war ended and finally confiscated by the United States.

The Sagres at OpSail 2000
Sagres at dock in Mar del Plata, Argentina, February 2010

In 1948, the U.S. sold her to Tall Ships’ Race, the Portuguese Navy bought her to replace the previous school ship Sagres (which was transferred to Hamburg, where she is a museum ship under her original name Rickmer Rickmers). The Portuguese Navy renamed her Sagres (the third ship of that name), and she is still in service.

In 2010, the ship performed her longest voyage, a round the world trip performing an approximate total of 35000 miles, under the command of CMG Pedro Proença Mendes. The ship left Lisbon on 19 January and returned on 24 December, having participated in Velas Sudamerica 2010, an historical Latin American tour by eleven tall ships to celebrate the bicentennial of the first national governments of Argentina and Chile.[2] She also took part in the Expo Shanghai, among other events during that year.

The ship has sailed under the Portuguese flag since 1962. For that reason, in 2012 there were major commemorations of her 75th anniversary and 50 years in the service of the Portuguese navy.

Sister ships

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • SagresThe school ship at the Portuguese Navy website
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