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Mykolaiv Oblast

 

Mykolaiv Oblast

Mykolaiv Oblast
Миколаївська область
Mykolayivs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Mykolaiv Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Миколаївщина (Mykolayivschyna)
Coordinates:
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Mykolaiv
Government
 • Governor Vadim Merikov[1] (Batkivshchyna[1])
 • Oblast council 90[2] seats
 • Chairperson Taras Kremin' (Batkivshchyna)
Area
 • Total 24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 14th
Population (2014[3])
 • Total 1,170,924
 • Rank Ranked 18th
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 54000-56999
Area code +380-51
ISO 3166 code UA-48
Raions 19
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
10
5
Urban-type settlements 17
Villages 820
FIPS 10-4 UP16
Website www.mykolayiv-oda.gov.ua
www.kmu.gov.ua

Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Миколаївська область, translit. Mykolayivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Mykolayivschyna - Ukrainian: Миколаївщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolayiv.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Points of interest 2
  • Demographics 3
    • Age structure 3.1
    • Median age 3.2
  • Administrative divisions 4
  • Nomenclature 5
  • Public opinion 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Geography

The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.

The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.

To the south the oblast is also bordered by the Black Sea. Along the coast there are several ports and the Mykolaiv International Airport.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.

The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which os 2.6%.

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.7% (male 88,668/female 83,434)
15-64 years: 70.7% (male 396,342/female 432,808)
65 years and over: 14.6% (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.7 years
male: 36.3 years
female: 42.9 years (2013 official)

Administrative divisions

The Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into 19 raions (administrative districts), and 5 municipalities (misto) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.

Name Ukrainian Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2001
Population
Estimate[4]
1 Jan 2012
Capital
Mykolaiv (city) Миколаїв (місто) 260 514,136 497,032 -
Ochakiv (city) Очаків (місто) 13 16,929 14,721 -
Pervomaisk (city) Первомайськ (місто) 25 70,170 66,828 -
Voznesensk (city) Вознесенськ (місто) 23 42,634 36,841 -
Yuzhnoukrainsk (city) Южноукраїнськ (місто) 24 38,206 40,530 -
Arbuzynka Raion Арбузинський (район) 969 24,783 20,872 Arbuzynka
Bashtanka Raion Баштанський (район) 1,706 41,434 38,537 Bashtanka
Berezanka Raion Березанський (район) 1,378 24,988 23,841 Berezanka
Bereznehuvate Raion Березнегуватський (район) 1,264 23,053 21,065 Bereznehuvate
Bratske Raion Братський (район) 1,129 21,226 18,538 Bratske
Domanivka Raion Доманівський (район) 1,458 28,945 26,121 Domanivka
Kazanka Raion Казанківський (район) 1,349 24,745 20,536 Kazanka
Kryve Ozero Raion Кривоозерський (район) 814 28,494 25,502 Kryve Ozero
Mykolaivsky Raion Миколаївський (район) 1,430 34,980 31,193 Mykolaiv
Novyi Buh Raion Новобузький (район) 1,243 34,167 31,763 Novyi Buh
Nova Odesa Raion Новоодеський (район) 1,428 37,385 34,390 Nova Odesa
Ochakiv Raion Очаківський (район) 1,500 16,916 15,860 Ochakiv
Pervomaisk Raion Первомайський (район) 1,319 37,050 31,390 Pervomaisk
Snihurivka Raion Снігурівський (район) 1,350 47,538 41,761 Snihurivka
Veselynove Raion Веселинівський (район) 1,245 27,044 23,935 Veselynove
Voznesensk Raion Вознесенський (район) 1,392 35,907 31,441 Voznesensk
Vradiivka Raion Врадіївський (район) 801 20,947 18,194 Vradiivka
Yelanets Raion Єланецький (район) 1,018 18,411 15,983 Yelanets
Zhovtnevy Raion Жовтневий (район) 1,460 54,655 51,349 Mykolaiv
Total Oblast Миколаївська (Область) 24,585 1,264,743 1,178,223 Mykolaiv

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

  • Settlements — 922, including:
    • Villages — 896;
    • Cities/Towns — 21, including:
      • Cities of raion subordinance — 4 (Bashtanka, Novyi Buh, Nova Odesa and Snihurivka);
      • Urban-type settlement — 17;
  • Selsovets — 287.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Mykolaiv is the center of the Mykolayivs’ka oblast’ (Mykolaiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-schyna" or "-shchyna", as is the case with the Mykolaiv Oblast, Mykolayivschyna.

Public opinion

During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b https://news.pn/en/politics/110214
  2. ^ Regions Party wins 60 seats on Mykolaiv City Council, Kyiv Post (Nov. 5, 2010)
  3. ^ "State Statistics Committee of Ukraine". Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, Kiev.
  5. ^ Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia].  

External links

  • State Administration of Mykolaiv Oblast - official site (Ukrainian)/(Russian)/(English)
  • Information Card of the Region - official site of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
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