World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mesud I

Article Id: WHEBN0000757818
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mesud I  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sultanate of Rum, Seljuq dynasty, Battle of Dorylaeum (1147), Suleiman ibn Qutulmish, Second Crusade
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mesud I

Mesud I
The Alaeddin Mosque in Konya was built during the reign of Masud I. The building served as the “Mosque of the Throne” for the Seljuq Sultans of Rum and contains the dynastic mausoleum.
Seljuq sultans of Rum
Reign 1116-1156
Predecessor Malik Shah
Successor Kilij Arslan II
Died 1156
Full name
Rukn al-Dīn Mas'ūd
Father Kilij Arslan I

Masud I or Ma'sud I (Modern Turkish: I. Rükneddin Mesud or Rukn al-Dīn Mas'ūd ( Persian: ركن الدین مسعود‎‎) was the sultan of the Seljuqs of Rûm from 1116 until his death in 1156.


Following the defeat and death of his father Kilij Arslan I by Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan of Aleppo at the battle of Khabur river in 1107,[1] Masud lost the throne in favor of his brother Malik Shah. With the help of the Danishmends, Masud captured Konya and defeated Malikshah in 1116, later blinding and eventually murdering him. Masud would later turn on the Danishmends and conquer their lands. In 1130, he started construction of the Alaeddin mosque in Konya, which was later completed in 1221.[2]

Masud, towards the end of his reign, fought against the armies of the Second Crusade. There were actually two armies, one led German emperor Conrad III and the other led by the French king Louis VII. Masud defeated both of them; the first army in Dorylaeum near modern Eskişehir in 1147[3] and the second army in Laodicea near modern Denizli in 1148.

When he died, Masud was succeeded by his son Kilij Arslan II.

One of Masud's daughters married John Tzelepes Komnenos, a member of the royal house of Byzantium who had converted to Islam.[4]


  1. ^ Anatolia in the Period of the Seljuks and the Beyliks, Osman Turan, The Cambridge History of Islam, Ed. Peter Malcolm Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton and Bernard Lewis, (Cambridge University Press, 1970), 239.
  2. ^ Konya, Julie A. Miller, International Dictionary of Historic Places: Southern Europe, Ed. Trudy Ring, Robert M. Salkin, Sharon La Boda, (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1995), 381.
  3. ^ Martin Sicker, The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab conquests to the siege of Vienna, (Praeger Publishers, 2000), 77.
  4. ^ The Turkish Element in Byzantium, Eleventh-Twelfth Centuries, Charles M. Brand, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 43, (1989), 20.
Preceded by
Malik Shah
Sultan of Rûm
Succeeded by
Kilij Arslan II
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.