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Longues-sur-Mer battery

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Longues-sur-Mer battery

Longues-sur-Mer Battery
Part of Atlantic Wall
Normandy, France
Kriegsmarine Ensign
Site information
Open to
the public
All casemates are open to public
Condition Four casemates with artillery plus observation bunker
Site history
Built 1944 (1944)
In use 1944
Built by Organisation Todt
Materials Concrete and steel
Garrison information
Garrison Kriegsmarine

The Longues-sur-Mer battery was a World War II artillery battery constructed by the Wehrmacht near the French village of Longues-sur-Mer in Normandy. It formed a part of Germany's Atlantic Wall coastal fortifications.

The battery was completed by April 1944.[1] Although constructed and manned initially by the Kriegsmarine, the battery was later transferred to the German army.[2] The site consisted of four 152-mm navy guns, each protected by a large concrete casemate, a command post, shelters for personnel and ammunition, and several defensive machine-gun emplacements.

Normandy landings

The battery at Longues was situated between the landing beaches Arkansas. The battery itself opened fire at 0605hrs and fired a total of 170 shots throughout the day, forcing the headquarters ship HMS Bulolo to retreat to safer water. Three of the four guns were eventually disabled by British cruisers Ajax and Argonaut, though a single gun continued to operate intermittently until 1900hrs that evening. The crew of the battery (184 men, half of them over 40 years old) surrendered to the 231st Infantry Brigade the following day. The heaviest damage was caused by the explosion of the ammunition for an AA gun, mounted by the British on the roof of casemate No.4, which killed several British soldiers.[4]

See also

External links

  • Photos from Longues-sur-Mer Battery
  • Guide to visiting Longues-sur-Mer Battery

References

  1. ^ "Wiederstandnest n° 48". The Atlantic Wall Linear Museum. 
  2. ^ D-Day Fortifications in Normandy. p. 28.  
  3. ^ "The Taking of the Longues Sur Mer Battery". Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  4. ^ D-Day 1944. 2002. p. 50.  
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