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Lists of office-holders

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Title: Lists of office-holders  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Lists by country, List of current heads of state and government, List of German economics ministers, List of colonial governors of German Togoland, Incumbent
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lists of office-holders

These are lists of incumbents (individuals holding offices or positions), including heads of states or of subnational entities.

A historical discipline, archontology, focuses on the study of past and current office holders.

Incumbents may also be found in the countries' articles (main article and "Politics of") and the list of national leaders, recent changes in 2007 in politics, and past leaders on State leaders by year and Colonial governors by year.

Various articles group lists by title, function or topic: e.g. abdication, assassinated persons, cabinet (government), chancellor, ex-monarchs (20th century), head of government, head of state, lieutenant governor, mayor, military commanders, minister (and ministers by portfolio below), order of precedence, peerage, president, prime minister, Reichstag participants (1792), Secretary of State.

Heads of international organizations

Heads of state or government


Eastern Africa

Horn of Africa

Middle Africa

Northern Africa

Southern Africa

Western Africa



Central America

North America

South America


Central Asia

Eastern Asia

Southeastern Asia

South Asia

Western Asia


Eastern Europe

Northern Europe

Southern Europe

Western Europe






Religious leaders


Catholic Church

Anglican Communion

Other denominations




Other lists

Ministers by portfolio

Municipal leaders

External links

  • Current Heads of State
  • Archontology, by Oleg Schultz
  • Rulers, by B. Schemmel - detailed lists (including regional and religious leaders) from 1700.
  • World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon
  • World Political Leaders, by Roberto Ortiz de Zárate
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