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List of largest suburbs by population


List of largest suburbs by population

Largest suburbs worldwide (exluding China)

The following is a table of the largest incorporated suburbs worldwide, with over 700,000 people.

A suburb here is defined as subordinate to a central city from a business or infrastructure sense, and it may or may not have more population than the central city due to arbitrary municipal definitions.

Cities in China are often defined in way as prefectures/counties, for the sake of simplicity they are listed in a separate list as explained in the respective section.

Coincidentally, a similar scenario applies to Taichung, Tainan and Kaohsiung in Taiwan after they merged with their respective surrounding suburb counties in December 2010, despite they are controlled by Republic of China (Taiwan), except there is no nesting issues. Taipei County was also considered merging with Taipei City (and Keelung City) when such proposals were discussed, but instead became a special municipality--New Taipei City on its own. With its area surrounding Taipei and Keelung City unaltered, the New Taipei City occurs on top of this list. ROC data is included here because it is complete and easy to follow.

Also excluded are transborder agglomerations. In the Pop date column, C stands for census, P for provisional result, E for estimate.

Rank City Population Pop date Metropolitan area Nation
1 New Taipei City 3,947,608 2013E Taipei  Republic of China (Taiwan)[1]
2 Yokohama 3,703,258 2014E Tokyo  Japan[2]
3 Ekurhuleni 3,178,470 2011C Greater Johannesburg  South Africa[3]
4 Incheon 2,891,286 2012E Seoul  South Korea[4]
5 Quezon City 2,761,720 2010C Manila  Philippines[5]
6 Giza 2,681,863 2006C Greater Cairo  Egypt
7 Bekasi 2,510,951 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
8 Ghaziabad 2,358,525 2011C Delhi NCR  India[7]
9 Tangerang 2,001,925 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
10 Depok 1,869,681 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
11 Omdurman 1,849,659 2008C Khartoum  Sudan[8]
12 Thane 1,818,872 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
13 La Matanza 1,772,130 2010CP Buenos Aires  Argentina
14 Pimpri-Chinchwad 1,729,359 2011C Pune  India[7]
15 Ecatepec de Morelos 1,685,806 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[9]
16 Karaj 1,614,626 2011C Greater Tehran  Iran[10]
17 Kobe City 1,540,242 2014E Osaka  Japan[2]
18 Gurgaon 1,514,085 2011C Delhi NCR  India[7]
19 Caloocan 1,489,040 2010C Manila  Philippines[5]
20 Kawasaki 1,450,097 2014E Tokyo  Japan[2]
21 South Tangerang 1,436,187 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
22 Faridabad 1,404,653 2011C Delhi/NCR  India[7]
23 Guarulhos 1,299,249 2013E São Paulo  Brazil[11]
24 Saitama City 1,244,695 2014E Tokyo  Japan[2]
25 Kalyan-Dombivali 1,246,381 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
26 Vasai-Virar 1,221,223 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
27 Ulsan 1,166,503 2012E Busan-Ulsan  South Korea[4]
28 Zapopan 1,155,790 2010C Guadalajara  Mexico[9]
29 Suwon 1,147,955 2012E Seoul  South Korea[4]
30 Navi Mumbai 1,119,477 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
31 Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl 1,110,565 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[9]
32 Changwon 1,106,081 2012E Busan-Ulsan  South Korea[4]
33 Howrah 1,072,161 2011C Kolkata  India[7]
34 São Gonçalo 1,025,507 2013E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[11]
35 Bogor 1,022,002 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
36 Shubra El-Kheima 1,016,722 2006C Cairo  Egypt
37 Khartoum North 1,012,211 2008C Khartoum  Sudan[8]
38 Farwaniya 1,003,003 2012E Kuwait City  Kuwait[12]
39 Callao 996,455 2014E Greater Lima  Peru[13]
40 Seongnam 994,271 2012C Seoul  South Korea[4]
41 Goyang 981,220 2012E Seoul  South Korea[4]
42 Chiba City 964,314 2014E Tokyo  Japan[2]
43 El Alto 953,300 2010C Greater La Paz  Bolivia[14]
44 Yongin 930,058 2012E Seoul  South Korea[4]
45 Matola 893,000 2014E Maputo  Mozambique[15]
46 Sharjah 890,000 2010E Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area  United Arab Emirates
47 Bucheon 885,949 2012E Seoul  South Korea[4]
48 Duque de Caxias 873,921 2013E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[11]
49 Sakai 841,012 2014E Osaka  Japan[2]
50 Naucalpan de Juárez 833,779 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[9]
51 Hawalli 820,829 2012E Kuwait City  Kuwait[12]
52 Seberang Perai 818,197 2010C Penang  Malaysia[16]
53 Mira-Bhayander 814,655 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
54 São Bernardo do Campo 805,895 2013E São Paulo  Brazil[11]
55 Nova Iguaçu 804,815 2013E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[11]
56 Kajang 795,522 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[16]
57 Ansan 758,573 2012E Seoul  South Korea[4]
58 Noida/Greater Noida 750,057 2011C Delhi NCR  India[7]
59 Biên Hòa 749,000 2013E Saigon  Vietnam[17]
60 Klang 744,062 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[16]
61 Sagamihara 721,155 2014E Tokyo  Japan[2]
62 Mississauga 713,443 2010C Greater Toronto Area  Canada[18]
63 Bhiwandi 711,329 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
64 Subang Jaya 708,296 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[16]
65 Santo André 704,942 2013E São Paulo  Brazil[11]

Suburbs in the People's Republic of China

Cities in People's Republic of China and Republic of China are often defined in way as prefectures/counties. Their prefecture/county limits often are physically more extensive than entire metropolitan areas, encompassing large rural areas and outright separate cities. "Suburbs" may be located both within the municipality and/or adjacent to it, depending on how the area agglomerated. Some urban districts, as in the case of Wanzhou Urban District in Chongqing Municipality (Province Level), are separated by farmlands from the core metropolitan area and functions as a suburban city in spite of naming.

As to what constitutes a "city" in the PRC, there exist other definitions of city limits are in actual usage, such as combination of several districts where urban area of the central city is dominant, or roads, railways, natural boundaries, or a combination thereof. This is commonly designated by the central statistics bureaus as "urban districts" (区), however some counties(县) are also included, as well as some cities opt for towns (镇) rather than counties. Some counties/districts (e.g. Handan County, Handan City(Prefecture level)) are indeed suburbs of their respective central cities (e.g. Congtai,Hanshan,Fuxing districts of Handan City(Prefecture level) are a common definition of true urban area of Handan, although this definition now often also involves Handan County as the city expands).

In the case of Chaoshan Metropolitan Area, Jiēyáng (Prefecture-level city) urban districts border that of the central city of Shantou (Prefecture-level city), effectively spanning neighboring municipalities. Complicating the matter is the nesting of city structures, as Jieyang municipality itself is a suburb of Shantou, even though Puning city (County level city, and can be a suburb of Shantou) lies within Jieyang's jurisdiction. Suzhou, despite having cities within it that could be considered "suburbs", could itself be considered a suburb of Shanghai as commute patterns are indicative of it.

Rank City Population Pop date Type Includes Metropolitan area Province/Province-level Municipality
1 Puning 2,054,703[19] 2010C County-level city within Jieyang whole city(市) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
2 Jieyang 1,899,394[20] 2010C adjacent Prefecture-level city urban districts(区) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
3 Huilai County 1,097,615[21] 2010C County within Jieyang entire county(县) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
4 Wanzhou District 859,662[22] 2010C non contiguous urban district single district (区) Greater Chongqing Chongqing
5 Changshu City 929,124[23] 2010C County-level city within Suzhou entire city Greater Suzhou Jiangsu


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