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List of air forces

 

List of air forces

This alphabetically arranged list of air forces identifies the current and historical names and roundels for the military aviation arms of countries fielding an air component, whether an independent air force, a naval air arm, army aviation unit, or coast guard. At the end is a separate list of no longer extant nations that once operated air forces. Country names in italics indicate that they are not generally recognized internationally as independent states but which nonetheless managed to field an active air service. For information on the size of air forces, see list of countries by size of armed forces.

A

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Afghanistan Afghan Air Force[1]
دافغانستان هوايۍ ځواک
2010

Air and Air Defense Force of the Islamic State of Afghanistan (Mujahideen)[2]

1996-2001

Army Air Force of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban)[3]

1996-2001

Air and Air Defense Force of the Islamic State of Afghanistan[4]

1992-1996

Afghan Republican Air Force
De Afghan Hanoi Quirah

1983-1992

Afghan Army Air Force[5]
De Afghan Hawa-e Quvah

1980-1983

Afghan Republican Air Force
De Afghan Hanoi Quirah

1973-1979

Royal Afghan Air Force

1948-1973

Afghan Air Force
Afghan Hawa-e Ourdou

1937-1947

Afghan Military Air Arm

1924[6]-1929
 Albania Albanian Air Brigade 2006

Albanian Air Force
Forcat Ajrore Shqiptare

1991-2006

 

1960-1990

 

1958-1960

Albanian People's Army Air Force

1947-1991

Royal Albanian Air Corps

1914-1939
 Algeria Algerian Air Force
Adwas Ujenna Adzayri
ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⵓⵊⴻⵏⵏⴰ ⴰⴷⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉ
القوة الجوية الجزائرية
Al-quwwa al-jawwiyya al-jazaeriyya
1962
Algerian National Navy, Aviation
Gendarmerie Nationale (Algeria), Aviation Service
 Angola National Air Force of Angola
Força Aérea Nacional de Angola
2007

Angolan People's Air Force & Anti-Aircraft Defence
Força Aérea Popular de Angola / Defesa Anti-Aérea

1980-2007

 

1976-1980
Angolan Navy aviation
 Argentina Argentine Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Argentina
1945

Army Aeronautical Service
Servicio Aeronáutico del Ejército

1912-1945
Argentine Naval Aviation
Comando de Aviación Naval Argentina
1919
Argentine Army Aviation
Comando de Aviación del Ejército Argentino
1956[7]
Coast Guard Air Service
Servicio de Aviación de la Prefectura Naval Argentina
1970s
Border Guard Air Service
Dirección de Aeronáutica de Gendarmería [1]
1955
 Armenia Armenian Air Force
Հայաստանի Ռազմաօդային Ուժեր
1992
 Australia Royal Australian Air Force 1921

 

1945-1956

 

1942-1945

Australian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 466, 467

1941-1946

Royal Australian Air Force

1921-1942

Australian Air Corps

1921

Australian Flying Corps

1912-1921
Fleet Air Arm (RAN) of the Royal Australian Navy 1947
Australian Army Aviation 1968

1st Aviation Regiment (Australia)

1966
 Austria Austrian Air Force
Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte
1955

Luftwaffen Kommando Österreich

1938-1945

Austrian Air Force
Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte

1928-1938

Heimwehr, Flying Corps

1927-1928
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force
Azərbaycan hərbi hava qüvvələri
1991
Azerbaijan Navy aviation

B

|  Bahamas |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Royal Bahamas Defence Force Air Wing |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1981 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="5"|  Bahrain |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Royal Bahraini Air Force |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 2002 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bahrain Ameri Air Force |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1987-2002 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bahrain Defence Force Air Wing |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1977-1987 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Royal Bahrain Naval Force, Aviation |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Public Security Forces |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="4"|  Bangladesh
(formerly East Pakistan) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bangladesh Air Force
বাংলাদেশ বিমান বাহিনী
Bangladesh Biman Bahini |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1971 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bangladesh Navy, Aviation |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bangladesh Army, Aviation |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bangladesh Coast Guard, Aviation Service |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |  Barbados |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Barbados Defence Force |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1981[8] |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="2"|  Belarus |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Belarusian Air Force |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| post 1995 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Belarus Air Force |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1991-1995 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="8"|  Belgium |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| COMOPSAIR[9]
Luchtcomponent, Composante Air |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 2002 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Belgische Luchtmacht, Force Aerienne Belge |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1946-2001 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Belgian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 349 and 350 |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1941-1946 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Militair Vliegwezen, Aviation Militaire |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1915-1940 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Compagnie des Ouvries et Aérostiers |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1910-1915 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Belgian Navy, Naval Flight |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1962-2002 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Belgian Army, Light Aviation Group |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1954-2002 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Gendarmerie (Belgium), Air Support Unit |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| -2001 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |  Belize
(formerly British Honduras) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Belize Defence Force Air Wing |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1983 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="3"|  Benin
(formerly Dahomery) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Benin Air Force
Force Aérienne Populaire de Benin |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1990 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| People's Republic of Benin air force |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1975-1990 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Dahomey Air Force
Force Aérienne de Dahomey |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1961-1975 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |  Bhutan |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Royal Bhutan Army air arm |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1972 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="4"|  Bolivia |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bolivian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Boliviana |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1944 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bolivian Military Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1923-1944 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bolivian Navy, Naval Aviation |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bolivian Army, Aviation |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="4"|  Bosnia and Herzegovina |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"|
Air Force and Anti-Aircraft Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ваздухопловство и ПВО
Zrakoplovstvo i PZO |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 2007 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Air Force
Zračne Snage Armije Federacije BiH |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1996-2006 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Republika Srpska Air Force
Ратно Ваздухопловство и ПВО ВРС
Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i PVO VRS |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1992-2006 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Air Force
Zračne Snage Armije Republike BiH |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1992-1996 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |  Botswana
(formerly Bechuanaland) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Botswana Defence Force Air Wing |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1977 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="10"|  Brazil |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Brazilian Air Force
Força Aérea Brasileira (FAB) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1941 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| (Roundel used during World War II) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1941-1945 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| National Air Forces
Forças Aéreas Nacionais |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1941 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Military Aviation Service
Serviço de Aviação Militar (AvM) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1918-1941 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Brazilian Army Balloon Corps |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1908 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Brazilian Naval Aviation
Força Aeronaval |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1952 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Naval Aviation Service
Serviço de Aviação Naval (AvN) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1922-1941 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Naval Aviation School |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1916-1922 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Brazilian Army Aviation Command
Comando de Aviação do Exército Brasileiro |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1986 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Military Police (Brazil) aviation |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="3"|  Brunei |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Royal Brunei Air Force
Angkatan Tentera Udara Diraja Brunei |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1991 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Royal Brunei Armed Forces Air Wing |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1984-1991 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Royal Brunei Malay Regiment Air Wing |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1965-1984 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="17"|  Bulgaria |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bulgarian Air Force
Български Военновъздушни Сили
Balgarski Voennovazdushni Sili (BVVS) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1992 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bulgarian Air Defense and Air Force
Противовъздушна отбрана и Военновъздушни сили

Protivovazdushna Otbrana i Voennovazdushni Sili (PVOiVVS) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1961-1992 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bulgarian Military Air Force
Български Военновъздушни Сили

Balgarski Voennovazdushni Sili (BVVS) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1952-1961 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bulgarian Military Air Force
Български Военновъздушни Сили

Balgarski Voennovazdushni Sily (VVS) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1949-1952 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Air Army
Въздушни Войски

Vazdusni Voiski (VV) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1945-1949 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"|   |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1941-1944 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Royal Bulgarian Air Force[10]
Vazhdushnite na Negovo Velichestvo Voiski (VNVV) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1937-1941 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Department of Aeronautics under Ministry of Railways, Posts and Telegraphs |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1924-1937 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Section of Aeronautics under Ministry of Railways, Posts and Telegraphs[11] |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1920-1924 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Gendarmery Aeroplane Detachment
Zhandarmeriisko Aeroplanno Otdelenie |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1919-1920 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Aeroplane Group |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1918-1919 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Army Aviation Corps[12] |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1915-1918 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Aeronautical Battalion |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1914-1915 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Aeronautical Detachment[13] |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1906-1914 |- |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Bulgarian Naval Aviation
Aviatsia Na Bulgarskiya Voennomorski Flot (AnBVMF) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1992 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Independent ASW Squadron of the Navy
Otdelna Protivolodachna Eskadrila na VMF (OPLEV-VMF) |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1959-1990 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Bulgarian Naval Aviation |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1915-1918 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |rowspan="2"|  Burkina Faso
(formerly Upper Volta) |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Burkina Faso Air Force
Force Aérienne de Burkina Faso |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1984 |- |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none;padding-right:0.5em; text-align:right;"| Upper Volta Air Force |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-top:none; border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1964-1984 |- |- style="border-top:2px solid #a9a9a9;" |  Burundi |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; padding-left:0.5em;"| Burundi Army Aviation
Force Armée du Burundi |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| |style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"| 1966 |- |}

C

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Cambodia
(formerly Kampuchea)
Royal Cambodian Air Force
Toap Akas Khemarak Phoumin
Force Aérienne Royale Cambodge
1993

Cambodian People's Air Force

1989-1993

Kampuchean People's Air Force

1979-1989[14]

Air Force of the Kampuchean Liberation Army

1977-1979[15]

Khmer Air Force
Armée de l'Air Khmère

1970-1975

Royal Khmer Air Force
Aviation Royale Khmere

1954-1970
 Cameroon Cameroon Air Force
Armée de l'Air du Cameroun
1960
Cameroon Naval Aviation
Aviation Navale Camerounaise
2009
Cameroon Army Light Aviation
Aviation Légère (ALDA)
2008
 Canada Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) ("Aviation royale canadienne" ) 2011

Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM)
Commandement de la Force aérienne du Canada

1968-2011

Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)

1924-1968

Canadian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 400-443 and 664-666 squadrons

1941-1946

Air Board (Canada)

1919-1923

Canadian Air Force

1918-1920

Royal Flying Corps Canada

1917-1918

Canadian Aviation Corps

1914-1915
Royal Canadian Navy Fleet Air Arm

 

1952-1968

 

1946-1952

Royal Canadian Naval Air Service

1918-1919
Canadian Army, Aviation 1947-1968
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Aviation Service 1932
Canadian Coast Guard, Aviation
 Cape Verde Cape Verde Air Force
Força Aérea Caboverdiana
1982
Cape Verde Coast Guard
Guarda Costeira de Cabo Verde
1992[16]
 Central African Republic
(formerly the Central African Empire)
Central African Republic Air Force
Force Aérienne Centrafricaine
1976-

Central African Empire Air Force

1976-1979

Central African Republic Air Force

1961-1976
 Chad Chadian Air Force
Force Aérienne Tchadienne
1973
 Chile Chilean Air Force
Fuerza Aérea de Chile (FACh)[17]
1930

Chilean Military Aviation Service
Servicio de Aviación Militar de Chile

1910-1930
Chilean Naval Aviation
Servicio de Aviación de la Armada de Chile (popularly, Aviación Naval)
1953

Chilean Naval Aviation Service
Servicio de Aviación Naval de Chile

1919-1930[18]
Chilean Army Aviation
Comando de Aviación del Ejército de Chile (popularly, Aviación del Ejército)
1970[19]
Carabineros de Chile, Aviation Service 1960
 China (PRC) People's Liberation Army Air Force
中国人民解放军空军
Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Kongjun
1949

 

1946-1949

 

1946-1949

Nanyuan Flying Group
南苑航空队[20]

1949

Red Army of China Air Force
中国工农红军空军

c. 1930[21]
People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force
中国人民解放军海军航空兵
Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Haijun Hangkongbing
1953
People's Liberation Army Ground Force Aviation
中国人民解放军陆军航空兵
????
China Coast Guard, Aviation
China Marine Surveillance, Aviation
China Maritime Safety Administration
 Colombia Colombian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Colombiana
1922
Colombian Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval
1935
Colombian National Army Aviation
Aviación del Ejército
1995
[22] Congolese Air Force
L'Armée de l'Air du Congo

People’s Republic of Congo Air Force

1970-1992

Congolese Air Force

1961-1970

(formerly Zaire)[23]
Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Force Aérienne du Congo

Zaire Air Force

1971-1997
Air Surveillance Service
Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea (SVA) – Fuerza Pública
1994

Air Section of the Costa Rica Ministry of Public Security
Sección Aérea del Ministerio de Seguridad Pública

1964-1994

Air Section of the Costa Rica Civil Guard
Sección Aérea de la Guardia Civil

1957-1964

Costa Rican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Costarricense

1955-1957

Costa Rican Military Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Militar

1947/48-1949[24]

(Ivory Coast)
Côte d'Ivoire Air Force
Force Aérienne de la Côte d'Ivoire
c. 1965
Croatian Air Force and Air Defense
Hrvatsko ratno zrakoplovstvo i protuzračna obrana
1991

Croatian Air Force Legion
Kroatische Luftwaffen Legion[25]

1941-1945

Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia
Zrakoplovstov Nezavisne Države Hrvatske

1941-1945
Cuban Revolutionary Air and Air Defense Force[26]
Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria
1959

Cuban Rebel Air Force[27]
Fuerza Aérea Rebelde

1958

Cuban Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea del Ejército de Cuba

1952-1958

Cuban Army Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación del Ejército de Cuba

1934-1952

Cuban Army Air Corps
Cuerpo Aéreo del Ejército de Cuba

1915-1934

Cuban Army Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación del Ejército de Cuba

1913-1915
Cuban Naval Aviation[28]
Aviación Naval
1934-1952
Cyprus Air Forces
Διοίκησης Αεροπορίας Κύπρου
1963
Czech Air Force
Vzdušné síly armády České republiky
1993

D

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Royal Danish Air Force
Flyvevåbnet
1950

Royal Danish Army Air Corps
Hærens Flyvertropper

1912-1950

Royal Danish Naval Aviation
Marinens Flyvevæsen

1911-1950
Danish Navy Air Squadron[29]
Søværnets Helikoptertjeneste
2003-2010

Royal Danish Navy Flying Service
Søværnets Flyvetjeneste (SVF)

1962-2003
Royal Danish Army Flying Service[30]
Hærens Flyvetjeneste (HFT)
1971-2003

(formerly the French Territory of Afars and Issas)
Djibouti Air Force
Force Aérienne du Djibouti
1977
Dominican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Dominicana (FAD)
1962

Dominican Military Aviation
Aviación Militar Dominicana (AMD)

1957-1962

Dominican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Dominicana (FAD)

1955-1957

Dominican Military Aviation
Aviación Militar Dominicana (AMD)

1952-1955

Dominican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Dominicana (FAD)

1950-1952

Dominican Military Aviation Corps (DMAC)
El Cuerpo de Aviación Militar Dominicana (CAMD/AMD)

1948-1950
Air Cavalry Squadron
Escuadrón de Caballería Aérea (EdCA)
2002

Air Transport Cavalry Brigade
Brigada de Caballería Aerotransportada

2001-2002

Aviation Company of the National Army
Compañía de Aviación del Ejército Nacional

1942-1948[31]

Dominican Army Aviation Company
Compañía de Aviación del Ejército Dominicano

1939-1942

Aviation Detachment of the National Army
Destacamento de Aviación del Ejército Nacional

1936-1939

National Air Transport Company, Aviation Arm
Compañía Nacional de Transporte Aérea, Arma de Aviación

1934-1935

Aviation Company
Compañía de Aviación

1933-1934

Aviation Arm of the National Army
Arma de Aviación del Ejército Nacional

1932-1933
Dominican Republic Naval Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación Naval Dominicana
2003

Coastguard Search and Rescue Squadron
Escuadrón de Vigilancia y Rescate de Guardacostas

1951-1952[32]

E

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Ecuadorian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Ecuatoriana (FAE)
1944

Ecuadorian Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea del Ejército Equatoriana (FAEE)

1935-1944

Army Military Aviator Corps
Cuerpo de Aviadores Militares del Ejército

1927-1935

Army Aviation Company
Compañia de Aviación del Ejército

1925-1927

Military Aviation School
Escuela Militar de Aviación

1920-1925
Ecuadorian Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval Ecuatoriana (ANE)
1967
Ecuadorian Army Aviation
Aviación del Ejército Ecuatoriano (AEE)
1978

Ecuadorian Army Air Service
Servicio Aéreo del Ejército (SAE)

1954-1978
Egyptian Air Force
Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya Il Misriya
1961

United Arab Republic Air Force

1958-1961[33]

Egyptian Air Force

1952-1958

Royal Egyptian Air Force

1937-1952

Egyptian Army Air Force

1931-1937
Air Force of El Salvador
Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña (FAS)
1946

Salvadoran Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Ejército de Salvador (FAES)

1927-1946

Salvadoran Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de la Aviación Salvadoreña

1925-1927

Salvadoran Air Flotilla
Flotilla Aérea Salvadoreña

1923-1925

El Salvador Military Aviation Service
Servicio de Aviación Militar de Salvador

1922-1923

(formerly Spanish Guinea)
Equatorial Guinea Air Force 1979
Eritrean Air Force 1994
Estonian Air Force
Eesti Õhuvägi
1991

Luftwaffe units[34]

1943-1944

Sonderstaffel Buschmann[35]

1942-1943

Aircraft Squadron of the 22nd Territorial Corps of the Soviet Army

1940-1941

Aviation Regiment

1920?–1940

Aviation Company

1918-1920?
Piirivalvelennusalk
Border Guard Flight Squadron (Estonia)
1993

(formerly Abyssinia)
Ethiopian Air Force
Ye Ithopya Ayer Hayl
1975[36]

Imperial Ethiopian Air Force

1946-1975

Imperial Ethiopian Aviation

1929-1935
Ethiopian Navy aviation -1996

F

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
none

Air Wing, Republic of Fiji Military Forces

1987-1997
Finnish Air Force
Suomen ilmavoimat
Finländska flygvapnet
1918

 

1918-1945

Roundel variant on some aircraft

1943-45
Finnish Army Aviation
Suomen maavoimat – Helikopteripataljoona
Finländska armén – Helikopterbataljonen
1997
Finnish Border Guard
Rajavartiolaitos
Gränsbevakningsväsendet
1919

Finnish Coast Guard
Merivartiolaitos
Sjöbevakningssektionen

1919-1944
French Air Force
Armée de l'Air
1933

Normandie-Niémen squadron
Groupe de Chasse Normandie-Niémen

1942-1945

Free French squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 326, 327, 328, 329 and 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347

1941-1945

Free French Air Force[37][38]
Forces Aériennes Françaises Libres

1940-1945

Vichy French Air Force
Armée de l'air de l'armistice

1940-1942

French Air Force
Armée de l'Air

1933-1940

French Army Aviation
Aéronautique militaire

1909-1933

French Aerostatic Corps

1794-1799
French Naval Aviation
Aéronautique navale
1912

Free French Naval Air Service
Aéronavale Francaise Libre

1940-1945

French Naval Air Arm

1912-1940
French Army Light Aviation
Aviation Légère de l'Armée de Terre
1954
National Gendarmerie aviation

G

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Gabon Air Force
Armée de l'Air Gabonaise
1961
Gabon Army, Aviation

(formerly part of the Senegambia Confederation)
Gambian Air Force[39] c.2003?[40]
Georgian Air Force
საქართველოს სამხედრო-საჰაერო ძალები
sak’art’velos samxedro-sahaero dzalebi
1990

Democratic Republic of Georgia People's Guard air detachment

1917-1920
German Air Force
Luftwaffe
1955

Air Forces of the National People's Army
Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee

1956-1990

Volkspolizei-Luft (of the former East Germany)

1950-1956

German Air Force
Luftwaffe

1935-1946

Marineluftschiffe-Abteilung

1912-1919

Die Marinefliegerabteilung des deutschen Kaiserreiches

1911-1919

Imperial German Army Air Service
Luftstreitkräfte (Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches)

1910-1919

Heeresluftschiffe-Abteilung

1909-1917
Gesellschaft für Sport und Technik
Sport and Technology Association. Paramilitary sport organization of the former East Germany.
-1990

National Socialist Flyers Corps
Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps

1937-1945

The German Air Sports Association
Deutscher Luftsportverband was the military air wing of the Nazi Party.

1933-1937
German Naval Aviation
Marineflieger
1955

East German Navy, Naval Air Force

-1990
German Army Aviation Corps
Heeresfliegertruppe
1955
Bundesgrenzschutz
Federal Border Guards, Aviation Service
1954-2005

(formerly the Gold Coast)
Ghana Air Force 1959
Hellenic Air Force
Πολεμική Αεροπορία
Polemikì Aeroporia
1911

Greek squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 335 and 336

1941-1945

Hellenic Army Air Service

1912-1930

Hellenic Naval Air Service

1915-1930
Hellenic Army Aviation
Αεροπορία Στρατού
Aeroporia Stratou
1947
Hellenic Navy Helicopter Command
Διοίκηση Ελικοπτέρων Ναυτικού
Dioikisi Elikopteron Naftikou
1975
Hellenic Coast Guard
Λιμενικό Σώμα
Limeniko Soma
1982
Guatemalan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Guatemalteca (FAG)
1948

Military Aeronautical Corps
Cuerpo de Aeronáutica Militar (CAM)

1935–1948

Guatemalan Military Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación Militar de Guatemala (CAM)

1929–1935

Guatemalan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Guatemalteca (FAG)

1921–1929

Army Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación de Ejército

1914–1921
Guinea Air Force
Force Aérienne de Guinée
1959

(formerly Portuguese Guinea)
Guinea-Bissau Air Force
Força Aérea da Guiné-Bissau
1978

(formerly British Guyana)
Guyana Defence Force 1968

H

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Haiti Air Corps
Corps d'Aviation d'Garde d'Haiti
1942-1994

 

1964-1986

 

1942-1964
Honduran Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Hondureña
1974

Honduran Air Force & Aviation Military School
Fuerza Aérea Hondureña y Escuela Militar de Aviación

1938-1974

Aviation Military School
Escuela Militar de Aviación (EMA)

1933-1938

National Aviation School
Escuela Nacional de Aviación (ENA)

1931-1933
Hungarian Air Force
Magyar Légierő
1991

 

1990-1991

Air Force of the Hungarian People's Army
Magyar Néphadsereg légiereje

1951-1990

 

1949-1951

 

1948-1949

Royal Hungarian National Defense Air Force
Magyar Királyi Honvéd Légierő

1941-1945

 

1938-1941
Red Hungarian Air Corps
Vörös Légjárócsapat
1919

Insignia variant

Insignia variant

I

For Ivory Coast, see Côte d'Ivoire above. [41]
Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Iceland Air Defense System
Íslenska Loftvarnarkerfið
1987
Icelandic Coast Guard Aeronautical Division
Landhelgisgæsla Íslands – Flugdeild
1955
Indian Air Force
भारतीय वायु सेना
Bharatiya Vayu Sena
1932

Royal Indian Air Force

1945-1950

Indian Air Force

1932-1942
Army Aviation Corps 1986
Indian Naval Air Arm 1948
Indian Coast Guard Air Wing
Bharatiya Tatarakshak Dal
1978
Border Security Force Air Wing 1965

(formerly the Dutch East Indies)
Indonesian Air Force
Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara (TNI-AU)
1946

Republic of Indonesia Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (AURI)

1946-1974

Republic of Indonesia Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (AURI)

1946-1949
Military Aviation of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army 1939-1950

Dutch East Indies squadrons of the RAAF. Nos. 18, 19, 119 and 120

1942-1947
Indonesian Naval Aviation
Dinas Penerbangan TNI Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL)
1974

Indonesian Naval Aviation Service
Dinas Penerbangan Angkatan Laut RI (ALRI)

1956-1974
Indonesian Army Aviation
Dinas Penerbangan TNI Angkatan Darat (TNI-AD)
1974

Indonesian Army Aviation Service
Dinas Penerbangan Angkatan Darat RI (DINAS PENERBAD)

1959-1974

(formerly Persia)
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
نیروی هوایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران
1979

Imperial Iranian Air Force
Nirou Havai Shahanshahiye Iran

1925-1979
Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation 1979

Imperial Iranian Army Aviation

1962-1979
Islamic Republic of Iran Navy Aviation
Aerospace Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution
Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran 1991
Iraqi Air Force[42]
Al Quwwa al-Jawwiya al-Iraqiya
1921

Iraqi Air Force
Al Quwwa al-Jawwiya al-Iraqiya

1958

Royal Iraqi Air Force

1921–1947
Iraqi Army, Aviation
Irish Air Corps
Aer-Chór na h-Éireann
1924

 

1939-1954

Irish National Army, Air Service

1922-1924
Irish Coast Guard aviation
Israeli Air Force
חיל האוויר
Heyl Ha'Avir
1948

Air Service (Haganah)
Sherut Avir

1947-1948

Air Company (Palmach)
Palavir

1943-1947
Italian Air Force[43]
Aeronautica Militare
1946

Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force
Aviazione Cobelligerante ed Aeronautica Militare Italiana

1943-1946

Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana  [44]

1943-1945

Royal Italian Air Force
Regia Aeronautica [45]

1935-1943

Royal Italian Air Force
Regia Aeronautica [46]

1923-1936

Royal Naval Aviation
Aviazione della Regia Marina

1912-1923

Military Air Corps [47]
Corpo Aeronautico Militare

1911-1923

Royal Army Air Service
Servizio Aeronautico

1884[48]-1911
Italian Navy Naval Aviation
Aviazione Navale
1956
Italian Army Aviation
Cavalleria dell'Aria
1951
Helicopter Service of the Carabinieri Corps
Nucleo Elicotteri Carabinieri
1965
Guardia di Finanza, Aviation 1955
Italian Coast Guard Air Service 1989

J

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Jamaican Defence Force 1963

Jamaica Air Squadron

1963
Japan Air Self-Defense Force[49]
航空自衛隊 Kōkū Jieitai
1954
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force aviation
海上自衛隊 Kaijō Jieitai

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service[50]
大日本帝国海軍航空隊 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun Kōkū tai

1912-1945
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 Rikujō Jieitai

Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
大日本帝国陸軍航空隊 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun Kōkū tai

1912-1945
Japan Coast Guard, aviation

(formerly Transjordan)
Royal Jordanian Air Force
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya Almalakiya al-Urduniya
1955

Arab Legion Air Force

1946-1955
Joint Special Operations Command (Jordan)

K

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Kazakhstan Air Defense Force
Sil Vozdushnoy Oborony Respubliki Kazakhstan
1992
Kenya Air Force
Jeshi la Anga la Kenya
1964
Kenyan Army aviation
Korean People's Army Air Force 1948
Republic of Korea Air Force[51]
대한민국 공군 (大韓民國空軍)
Daehan Minguk Gonggun
1949

 

1950s–2000s
Republic of Korea Navy, aviation
Republic of Korea Army aviation 1965
Korean Coast Guard, aviation
Kuwait Air Force
Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya
1988

Kuwait Air Force and Air Defense

1961
Kyrgyzstan Air Force 1991

L

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force[52] 1975

Royal Lao Air Force
Aviation Royale Laotienne[53][54]

1960-1975

Aviation Laotienne

1955-1960
Latvian Air Force
Latvijas Gaisa Spēki
1991

Luftwaffen-Legion Lettland - Foreign volunteer unit of the Luftwaffe

March–October 1944

 

1926-1940
Latvian National Guard 1991

Guard organization
Aizsargu organizācija

1919-1940
Latvian State Border Guard Service, aviation
Lebanese Air Force
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Lubnania
1945

(formerly Basutoland)
Lesotho Defence Force – Air Squadron c.1988
Liberian Army Air Wing 1987
Libyan Air Force
Adwas Alibyan Ujenna
ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⴰⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰⵏ ⵓⵊⴻⵏⵏⴰ
القوة الجوية الليبية
Al-quwwa al-jawwiyya al-libyya
2011–current date
Free Libyan Air Force
Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Libiyya al Hurra
2011

Libyan Arab Jamahiriyya Air Force

1977-2011

Libyan Arab Republic Air Force

1969-1977

Royal Libyan Air Force
Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Malakiya al Libiyya

1951-1969
Libyan National Army, Aviation
Lithuanian Air Force
Karinės Oro Pajėgos
1992

 

1919-1920
Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces, Aviation Unit 1992
State Border Guard Service (Lithuania), aviation
NATO Airborne Early Warning Force [55] 1982
Luxembourg Army, Aviation 1952-1968

M

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Macedonian Air Force and Air Defense Force
Военно Воздухопловство и Противвоздушна Одбрана
Voeno Vozduhoplovstvo i Protivvozdushna Odbrana
1992

(formerly the Malagasy Republic)
Malagasy Air Force
Tafika Anabakabaka Malagasy
Armée de l'Air Malgache
1961

(formerly Nyasaland)
Malawi Army Air Wing 1978

Malawi Young Pioneers Air Arm[56]

1970-1978

(formerly Malaya)
Royal Malaysian Air Force
Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia
1963

 

1963-1982

Royal Malayan Air Force
Tentera Udara Diraja Persekutuan

1958-1963

Malayan Auxiliary Air Force/RAF

1950-1958

Malayan Volunteer Air Force/RAF

1940-1950

Straits Settlement Volunteer Air Force

Royal Malaysian Navy, Fleet Air Arm
Malaysian Army Aviation
Pasukan Udara Tentera Darat
1994
Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Aviation
Air Elements
Maldives National Defence Force
1978
Mali Air Force
Force Aérienne de la Republique du Mali
1961
Air Wing of the Armed Forces of Malta
Skwadra tal-Ajru tal-Forzi Armati ta' Malta
1992
Mauritanian Air Force
Force Aérienne de la Republique Islamique de Mauritanie
1961
Mauritius Coast Guard 1987

Mauritius Police Force Marine Wing

1970-1987
Mexican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Mexicana
1915
Mexican Naval Aviation
Fuerza Aeronaval
1926[57]
Federal Police (Mexico) aviation
Maritime Search and Rescue (Mexico)
Moldovan Air Force[58] 1991
Mongolian Air Defense Forces Command[59]
Агаарын Довтолгооноос Хамгаалах Цэргийн Командлал
1993-presents

Mongolian People's Army Aviation Монголын Ардын Армийн Нисэх Хүчин

1925-1993
Montenegrin Air Force
Vazdušne snage Crne Gore
2006
Royal Moroccan Air Forceⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⴰⴳⴻⵍⴷⴰⵏ ⴰⵎⴻⵔⵔⵓⴽⴰⵏ ⵓⵊⴻⵏⵏⴰ
القوة الجوية الملكية المغربية
Al-quwwa al-jawwiya al-malikiyya al-maghribiyya
(Force Aérienne Royale Marocaine)
1961

Sherifan Royal Aviation
Aviation Royale Chérifienne

1956-1961
Royal Moroccan Navy, Aviation
Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie 1962
Mozambique Air Force
Força Aérea de Moçambique
c.1976/77?

People's Liberation Air Force of Mozambique
Força Populare Aérea de Libertação de Moçambique

1975-c.1976/77?

(formerly Burma)
Myanmar Air Force
Tatmdaw Lei
1947

N

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer

(formerly South West Africa)
Namibian Air Force 2005

Namibia Defence Force Air Wing

1994-2005
Nepalese Army Air Service c.2008

Royal Nepal Army Air Wing

1979-c.2007

Royal Nepal Army Air Service

1965-1979
Royal Netherlands Air Force[60]
Koninklijke Luchtmacht
1953

Dutch squadrons of the RAF. 320, 321 and 322

1940-1945

 

1942-c.1945

 

1939-1942

 

1921-1940

Luchtvaartafdeling

1914-1921
Dutch Naval Aviation Service
Marineluchtvaartdienst
1917

Dutch squadrons of the British Fleet Air Arm. Nos. 860 and 861

1943-1947

 

1942-c.1945

 

1939-1942

 

1921-1940

 

1917-1921
Netherlands Coastguard aviation
Royal New Zealand Air Force[61][62] 1934

New Zealand Squadrons of the RAF Nos. 75, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490

1939-1945

New Zealand Territorial Air Force

1930-1957

New Zealand Permanent Air Force

1923-1934

New Zealand Army Flying Corps

1913-1923
Nicaraguan Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea – Ejército de Nicaragua
1995

Nicaraguan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Nicaraguënse

1990-1995

Sandinista Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Sandinista

1979-1990

Air Force of Nicaragua
Fuerza Aérea de Nicaragua

c.1950–1979

Guard Air Force of Nicaragua
Fuerza Aérea Guardia de Nicaragua

c.1947-c.1950

Air Force of the National Guard
Fuerza Aérea de la Guardia Nacional

1938-c.1947

Air Corps of the National Guard
Cuerpo de Aviación de la Guardia Nacional

1936-1938

Military Aviation Corps
Cuerpo Militar de Aviación

1926-1936

National Guard
Guardia Nacional

=1920-1926
National Squadron of Niger
Escadrille Nationale du Niger
2003

Niger Air Force
Force Aérienne du Niger

1961-2003?
Nigerian Air Force 1964
Nigerian Navy, Air Arm 1985
Royal Norwegian Air Force
Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret
1944

Norwegian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 330, 331, 332, 333 and 334

1942-1945

Norwegian Army Air Service
Hærens Flyvevesen

1915-1944

Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service
Marinens Flyvevesen

1916-1944

O

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer

(formerly Muscat and Oman)
Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO)[63]
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanya al-Omanya
1990

Sultan of Oman's Air Force (SOAF)

1959-1990

P

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Pakistan Air Force
پاک فضائيہ
1956

Royal Pakistan Air Force

1947-1956
Pakistan Army Aviation Corps 1958
Pakistan Naval Air Arm 1973
Pakistan Coast Guard, Aviation Service
Maritime Security Agency, Aviation Service
Pakistan Rangers, Aviation Service
National Air-Sea Service (SENAN)
Servicio Nacional Aeronaval
2008
Air Operations Element of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force 1974
Paraguayan Air Force
Aeronautica Militar Paraguaya
1989
Paraguayan Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval Paraguaya[64][65]
1980
Peruvian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea del Perú
1950

Peruvian Aeronautical Corps
Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú

1936-1950

Peruvian Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación del Perú

1929-1936
Peruvian Naval Aviation
Fuerza Aviación Naval
1980

Aeronaval Service
Servicio Aeronaval

1963-1980
Peruvian Army, Aviation
Aviación del Ejército
1977

Army Light Aviation Group
Grupo de Aviación Ligera del Ejército

1973-1977
Peruvian Coast Guard, Aviation
Philippine Air Force
Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas
1947

Philippine Army Air Corps

1936-1947

Philippine Constabulary Air Corps

1935-1936

Philippine National Guard aviation

1910s-1935
Philippine Navy, Naval Air Group 1975
Philippine Army, Air Battalion 1980
Philippine Constabulary, Air Unit -1991
Philippine Coast Guard, Aviation
Polish Air Force
Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
2004

Air and Air Defence Forces
Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Powietrznej

1993-2004

 

1990-1993

Air Force
Wojska Lotnicze

1962-1990

Air Defence Force of Country
Wojska Obrony Powietrznej Kraju

1962-1990

Air and Air Defence Forces of Country
Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Przeciwlotniczej Obszaru Kraju

1954-1962

Air Force
Wojska Lotnicze

1947-1954

Air Force of the Polish Army
Lotnictwo Wojska Polskiego

1945-1947

Air Force of the Polish Army
Lotnictwo Wojska Polskiego

1943-1945

Polish squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309 and 315, 316, 317, 318 and 663

1940-1947

I/145 Polish Fighter Squadron of the Forces Aerienes Polonaises

1939-1940

Air Force
Wojska Lotnicze

1918-1939
Polish Army Aviation
Lotnictwo Wojsk Lądowych
1994
Polish Naval Aviation
Lotnictwo Marynarki Wojennej
1947
Aviation of Polish Border Guard
Lotnictwo Straży Granicznej
1990
Portuguese Air Force
Força Aérea Portuguesa
1952

Military Aeronautics Arm
Arma da Aeronáutica Militar

1924-1952

 

1918-1924

Military Aeronautical Service
Serviço Aeronáutico Militar

1914-1918

Balloon Company
Companhia de Aerosteiros

1911-1914
Navy Helicopter Squadron
Esquadrilha de Helicópteros da Marinha
1993

Aeronaval Forces
Forças Aeronavais

1952-1957

Navy Air Forces
Forças Aéreas da Armada

1931-1952

Naval Aeronautics Service
Serviço da Aeronáutica Naval

1918-1931

Navy Aviation Service
Serviço de Aviação da Armada

1917-1918
Portuguese Army Light Aviation Unit
Unidade de Aviacão Ligeira do Exército
2000

Q

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Qatar Emiri Air Force 1974

Qatar Public Security Forces Air Wing

1968-1974

R

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Romanian Air Force
Forţele Aeriene Române
1989

 

1985-1989

Air Force of the Socialist Republic of Romania
Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Socialiste România

1965-1985

Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Populare Române

1964-1965

Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Populare Romîne

1954-1964

Air Force of the People's Republic of Romania
Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Populare Române

1947-1954

 

1944-1947

Royal Romanian Air Force
Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României

1941-1944

Romanian Royal Aeronautics
Aeronautica Regală Română

1915-1941
Romanian Naval Forces, Aviation 2008
Russian Air Force[66]
Военно-воздушные cилы России
Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily Rossii
2010

 

1991-2010

Soviet Air Forces
Военно-воздушные силы
Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily

1945-1991

 

1918–1945

Imperial Russian Air Service
Императорский военно-воздушный флот
Pre-reform Russian:Императорскiй военно-воздушный флотъ

1910-1917
Soviet Air Defence Forces 1948-1991
Russian Naval Aviation
Авиация Военно-Морского Флота
Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskogo Flota
2010

 

1991-2010

Soviet Naval Aviation

1945-1991

 

1918–1945
Russian Army Aviation 1992-2010s

Soviet Army Aviation

1970s-1991
Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation 1992

Soviet Border Guards aviation

-1991
Coast Guard (Russia) Aviation
DOSAAF paramilitary sport organization
Rwandan Air Force
Force Aérienne Rwandaise
1972

S

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Royal Saudi Air Force
القوات الجوية الملكية السعودية
Al-Quwwāt al-Jawwiyyah al-Malakiyyah as-Suʿūdiyyah
1950
Royal Saudi Navy, Naval Aviation
Saudi Arabian Army, Aviation

(formerly part of the Senegambia Confederation)
Senegalese Air Force
Armée de l'Air du Sénégal
1989

Senegambia Air Force

1982-1989

Senegalese Air Force

1960-1982
Serbian Air Force and Air Defence
Ваздухопловство
Vazduhoplovstvo
2006[67]


Српска Авијатика
Srpska Avijatika

1915-1918[68]

 

1913-1915


Ваздухопловна Команда
Vazduhoplovna Komanda

1912-1913
Seychelles Air Force (part of the Seychelles People's Defence Force)

Seychelles Defence Force Air Wing

1978
Sierra Leone Defence Force 1973
Republic of Singapore Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura
新加坡空军部队
சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகாயப்படை
1975

Singapore Air Defence Command

1973-1975

 

1968-73
Slovak Air Force
Velitelstvo Vzdušnych Sil
1993

Slovak Air Force
Slovenske Vzdusne Zbrane

1939-1945
Slovak Insurgent Air Force
Slovenske Povstalecke Letectvo
August–October 1944
Slovenian Air Force and Air Defence
Brigada zračne Obrambe in Letalstva Slovenske Vojske
2004

15th Aviation Brigade (Slovenian Armed Forces)

1995-2004

15th Aviation Brigade of the Slovenian Territorial Defence Force

1991-1995

Slovenian Air Force upon the break-away from the Habsburg Empire

1918-1919
none

Somali Air Force[69]

1960-1991

Somali Aeronautical Corps
Ciidamada Cirka Soomaaliyeed
Corpo di Sicurezza della Somalia

1958-1968
South African Air Force (SAAF)
Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag
1920

 

1982-2003

 

1958-1981

 

1947-1957

South African Air Force

1924-1947

No. 26 Squadron (South African) RFC

1915-1918

South African Aviation Corps

1915-1920
South Sudan Air Force 2011
Spanish Air Force (SPAF)
Ejército del Aire
1939

Blue Squadron - Foreign volunteer unit of the Luftwaffe.

1941-1943

Nationalist Air Force[70]
Aviación Nacional

1936-1939

"

1937-1939

Spanish Republican Air Force
Fuerzas Aéreas de la República Española (FARE)

1936-1939

Military Aviation
Aeronáutica Militar Española

1931-1936

Military Aviation
Aeronáutica Militar Española

1911-1931

Military Aerostatics Service
Servicio Militar de Aerostacion

1896-1911
Spanish Army Airmobile Force
Fuerzas Aeromóviles del Ejército de Tierra (FAMET)
1973

Army Light Air Force
Aviacion Ligera del Ejercito de Tierra

1965-1973
Spanish Navy Air Arm
Arma Aérea de la Armada
1954

Naval Aviation
Aeronáutica Naval

1931-1936

Naval Aviation
Aeronáutica Naval

1917-1931
Civil Guard (Spain), Aviation Service 1973
Military Emergencies Unit, Aviation Service 2006

(formerly Ceylon)
Sri Lanka Air Force
ශ්‍රි ලංකා ගුවන් හමුදාව
Sri Lanka Guwan Hamudawa
1972

Royal Ceylon Air Force
රාජකීය ලංකා ගුවන් හමුදාව
Rajakeeya Lanka Guwan Hamudawa

1951-1972

(formerly the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan)
Sudanese Air Force
القوّات الجوّيّة السودانيّة
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya
1956

(formerly Dutch Guyana)
Suriname Air Force
Surinaamse Luchtmacht
1982
Swazi Air Force 1979
Swedish Air Force
Svenska Flygvapnet
1926

 

1937-1940

Swedish Air Force
Svenska Flygvapnet

1927-1937

Defence Helicopter Wing[71]
Försvarsmaktens Helikopterflottilj

1998-2003

Swedish Army Aviation
Arméflyget

1954-1998

Aircraft Coy of the Signal Corps
Flygkompaniet

1912-1926

Swedish Naval Aviation
Marinflyget

1958-1998

Naval Air Service
Marinens Flygväsen

1911-1926
Coast Guard (Sweden), aviation
Swiss Air Force
Schweizer Luftwaffe
Forces Aériennes Suisses
Forze Aeree Svizzere
1946

Independent service under the Swiss Federal Military Department
Schweizerische Flugwaffe

1936-1946

Swiss Army Aviation
Schweizerische Fliegertruppe

1914-1936
Syrian Arab Air Force
القوات الجوية العربية السورية
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya
1961

United Arab Republic Air Force

1958-1961[33]

Syrian Air Force

1948-1958
Syrian Navy aviation

T

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Republic of China Air Force
中華民國空軍
Chung-Hua Min-Kuo K'ung-Chün
1938

Nationalist Chinese Air Force (Central Government)[72]

1925-1938

Chinese Aviation Ministry

1920-1925?

Chinese Aviation Service

1916?–1919?

Chinese Army Air Arm

1914-1916?

Airplane Corps of the Chinese Army

1913-1914
Republic of China Army Aviation and Special Forces Command 1999

Army Paratroops and Special Forces Command

1979-1999

Army Aviation Command[73]

1976-1979
Republic of China Naval Aviation Command 1995

Naval Anti-Submarine Group

1991-1995

Fleet Helicopter Squadron

1977-1991

Chinese Naval Air Service

1927-1938
Coast Guard Administration (Taiwan), aviation
Tajik Air Force 2006[74]

(formerly Tanganyika)
Tanzanian People's Defense Force Air Wing
Jeshi la Anga la Wananchi wa Tanzania
1965

(formerly Siam)
Royal Thai Air Force
กองทัพอากาศไทย
Kongthap Akat Thai
1937

Former marking

1942-1945[75]

Royal Siamese Air Force Division
กรมทหารอากาศ
Krom Tahan Akat

1935-1937

Royal Siamese Air Division
กรมอากาศยาน
Krom Akatsayan

1921-1935

Siamese Army Aviation Division
กรมอากาศยานทหารบก
Krom Akatsayan Tahan Bok

1917-1921

Siamese Army Aviation Unit
กองบินทหารบก
Kong Bin Tahan Bok

1914-1917
Royal Thai Army Air Division
กองบินทหารบกไทย
Kong Bin Tahan Bok Thai
1977
Royal Thai Naval Air Division
กองการบินทหารเรือไทย
Kongkanbin Tahan Ruea Thai
1921
Border Patrol Police
ตำรวจตระเวนชายแดน
Tamrod Traven Chaidan
1951
Tonga Defence Services 1939
Togolese Air Force
Force Aérienne Togolaise
1964[76]
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force Air Guard 1966
Tunisian Air Force
القوات الجوية التونسية
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya At'Tunisia
1959[77]
Turkish Air Force
Türk Hava Kuvvetleri
1972

former marking

1944-1972

Turkish Ministry of Defense,
Undersecretariat of Military Aviation
Hava Müsteşarlığı

1928-1944

Turkish Air Force Inspectorate
Hava Kuvvetleri Müfettişliği

1922-1928

Turkish Air Force General Directorate
Kuva-yı Havaiye Müdüriyet-i Umumiyesi

1921-1922

Turkish Army Air Service
Kuva-yı Havaiye Şubesi

1920-1921
Land Forces Aviation Command
Kara Kuvvetleri Havacılık Komutanlığı
1948
Naval Forces Aviation Command
Deniz Kuvvetleri Havacılık Komutanlığı
1971
Coast Guard Aviation Command
Sahil Güvenlik Havacılık Komutanlığı
1993
Gendarmerie Aviation Command
Jandarma Havacılık Komutanlığı
1968
Turkmenistan Air Force and Air Defense Force 1992

U

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Ugandan Air Force 1964
Ukrainian Air Force
Військово-Повітряні Сили України Viys'kovo-Povitriani Syly Ukrayiny
1992
Ukrainian Naval Aviation
Авіація Військово-Морських Сил Aviatsiya Viys'kovo-Mors'kykh Syl
1992
Ukrainian Ground Forces, Aviation 1992
National Guard of Ukraine, Aviation 2014
State Border Guard Service of Ukraine 2003

United Arab Emirates Air Force[78] 1976[79]
United Arab Emirates Navy, Aviation
Royal Air Force 1918

 

1942-1947

 

1937-1942

Royal Air Force

1918-1937

 

1915-1918

Royal Flying Corps

1912-1915

Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers

1911-1912

School of Ballooning

1888-1911
Fleet Air Arm 1937

 

1942-1947

 

1937-1942

Fleet Air Arm of the RAF

1924-1937

Royal Naval Air Service

1914-1918

Naval Wing of the Royal Flying Corps

1912-1914
Army Air Corps[81] 1957

Nos. 651, 652, 653, 654, 655, 657, 658, 659, 660, 661, 662, 663, 664, 665, 666 Air Observation Post squadrons of the RAF

1941-1957
3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron of the Royal Marines 1968-1995
Her Majesty's Coastguard aviation
United States Air Force[82] 1947

 

1947–

United States Army Air Forces

1941-1947

 

1943

 

1942-1943

 

1941-1942

United States Army Air Corps

1926-1941

United States Army Air Service

1918-1926

Division of Military Aeronautics

20–24 May 1918

Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps

1914-1918

Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps

1907-1914

Union Army Balloon Corps

1861-1863
Army Aviation Branch 1983

Army Aviation

1947-1983
United States Navy 1911

 

1947–

 

1943-1947

 

1943

 

1942-1943

 

1919-1942

 

1918-1919

 

1917-1918

Naval Flying Corps

1916-1917
United States Marine Corps Aviation[83] 1912
Air National Guard 1947

component of the United States National Guard

1916-1947
United States Coast Guard 1916
NASA 1958

NACA

1915-1958
Civil Air Patrol 1942-1946[84]
Uruguayan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya
1953

Military Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Militar

1952-1953

Uruguayan Military Aviation
Aeronáutica Militar Uruguaya

1935-1952

Military School of Aeronautics
Escuela Militar de Aeronáutica

1916-1935

Military Aviation School
Escuela de Aviación Militar

1913-1916
Uruguayan Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval Uruguaya
1951

Naval Air Service
Servicio Aeronáutico

1925-1951
Uzbekistan Air and Air Defence Forces 1992

V

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Venezuelan Air Force
Aviación Militar Venezolana
2006[85]

Venezuelan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Venezolana

1949-2006

Venezuelan Military Air Service

1920-1936

Military Aviation Regiment
Regimiento de Aviacion

1936-1949
Venezuelan Army Aviation
Servicio Aéreo del Ejército Venezolana
1970
Venezuelan Naval Aviation
Aviación de la Marina Venezolana
1974

Naval Aviation Centre

1922
National Guard of Venezuela
Comando de Apoyo Aéreo de Guardia Nacional
1999
Vietnam People's Air Force
Không Quân Nhân Dân Việt Nam
1975

North Vietnam Democratic Republic Air Force

1955-1975

South Vietnam Air Force
Không lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa

1955-1975

Cochin China Air Force

1941-1945
Vietnam People's Navy, Aviation
Vietnam Coast Guard, Aviation

Y

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Yemeni Air Force
Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Yemeniya
1990

North Yemen Air Force

1962-1990

South Yemen Air Force

1967-1990

Z

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer

(formerly Northern Rhodesia)
Zambian Air Force and Air Defence Command 1968

Zambia Air Wing

1964-1968

Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland Air Force

1954-1963

(formerly Southern Rhodesia)
Air Force of Zimbabwe 1980

Zimbabwe-Rhodesian Air Force

1979-1980

Rhodesian Air Force

1970-1979

Royal Rhodesian Air Force

1963-1970

Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland Air Force

1954-1963

Southern Rhodesian Air Force

1947-1954

Rhodesian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 44, 237 and 266

1940-1947

Rhodesian Regiment Air Unit

1935-1939

Former countries and movements

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Abu Dhabi Air Force 1972-1976

Abu Dhabi Defence Forces, Air Wing

1968-1972
Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops
Kaiserliche und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen
Császári és Királyi Légierő
1912-1919

Imperial and Royal Aviation Service
KuK. Militär-Aeronautische Anstalt

1893-1912
Austro-Hungarian Navy, Naval Air Arm 1916-1918
Biafran Air Force 1967-1970
Bophuthatswana Air Force 1987–1994

Bophuthatswana Defence Force, Air Wing

1981-1987
Central African Empire Air Force 1976-1979

Central African Republic Air Force

1961-1976
Ciskei Defence Force, Air Wing 1980–1994
/
First Czechoslovak Republic /
Second Czechoslovak Republic /
Slovak Republic (1939-1945) /
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic /
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
Czech and Slovakian Air Force 1990-1993

Czechoslovak Air Force[86]
Československé Vojenské Letectvo

1945-1990

Slovak Insurgent Air Force

August-October 1944

Czechoslovakian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 310, 311, 312 and 313

1940-1946

1st Czech Fighter Regiment of the Soviet Air Forces

-1945

Czechoslovak Army Air Force
Československé Letectvo

1918-1939
Slovak Air Force (1939-1945) 1939-1945
Dahomey Air Force
Force Aérienne de Dahomey
1961–1975
Dubai Police Air Wing 1973-1976

Union Defence Force, Air Wing

1971–1973
Air Forces of the National People's Army
Luftstreitkräfte und Luftverteidigung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik
1956-1990

Volkspolizei-Luft

1950-1956
Volksmarine, Naval Air Force -1990
Gesellschaft für Sport und Technik
Sport and Technology Association. Paramilitary sport organization.
-1990
Kingdom of Hejaz /
Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz
Hejaz Air Force 1920s-1930s

Hejaz Flying Corps

1920s
Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana 1943-1945
/
Kingdom of Cambodia (1975-76) /
Democratic Kampuchea /
People's Republic of Kampuchea
Cambodian People's Air Force 1989-1993

Kampuchean People's Air Force

1979-1989

Air Force of the Kampuchean liberation Army

1977-1979

Khmer Air Force

1970-1975
Katangan Air Force
Force Aerienne Katangaise
1960–1963
/
Federated Malay States /
Unfederated Malay States /
Malayan Union /
Royal Malayan Air Force 1958-1963

Malayan Auxiliary Air Force/RAF

1950–1958

Malayan Volunteer Air Force/RAF

1940-1950

Straits Settlements Volunteer Air Force/RAF

Manchukuo Air Force 1938-1945
Manchukuo Air Transport Company[87]
Manchu Kokuyuso Kabushiki Kaisha
1932-1945
Dutch East Indies Military Aviation of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army 1939-1950

Dutch East Indies squadrons of the RAAF. Nos 18, 19, 119 and 120

1942-1947
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen/
Yemen Arab Republic Air Force 1962-1990
North Vietnam Democratic Republic Air Force 1955-1975
Ottoman Aviation Inspectorate
Kuva-yı Havaiye Müfettişliği
1918-1920

Ottoman Aviation Affairs Inspectorate
Umur-u Havaiye Müfettişliği

1915-1918

Ottoman Aviation Organization Inspectorate
Teşkilat-ı Havaiye Müfettişliği

1914-1915

Ottoman Aviation Commission
Havacılık Komisyonu

1911-1914
Ottoman Naval Aviation Academy and Service
Bahriye Tayyare Mektebi ve Havacılık Şubesi
1914-1919
/
/
/
Zimbabwe-Rhodesian Air Force 1979-1980

Rhodesian Air Force

1970-1979

Royal Rhodesian Air Force

1963-1970

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Air Force

1954-1963

Southern Rhodesian Air Force

1939-1954

Rhodesian squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 44, 237 and 266

1940-1947

Rhodesian Regiment Air Unit

1935-1939
Senegambia Confederation Senegambia Air Force 1982-1989

Republika Srpska Air Force
1 Puk Vazduhoplovstva i protivvazdušna odbrana Vojske Republike Srpske
1992-2006

105th Aviation Brigade of the Army of the Republic of Serb Krajina
RV i PVO Vojske Republike Srpske Krajine
1991-1995
Sharjah Amir Guard, Air Wing
State of Vietnam /
Vietnam Air Force
Khong Quan Viet Nam
1955-1975

Vietnam National Army, Air Force

1951-1955
Federation of South Arabia /
South Yemen Air Force 1967-1990

Federation of South Arabia Air Force

1967
Russian Empire /
Russian Republic /
/
Soviet Air Forces[88]
Военно-воздушные силы
1930-1991

 

1945-1991[89]

 

1930-1945

Workers' and Peasants' Air Fleet
Рабоче-крестьянский воздушный флот

1918-1930

Imperial Russian Air Service

1910-1917
Soviet Air Defence Forces 1948-1991
Soviet Naval Aviation 1945-1991
Soviet Army Aviation 1970s-1991
Soviet Border Guards aviation -1991
DOSAAF paramilitary sport organisation
Air Tigers of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam 1998-2009
Transkei Defence Force, Air Wing 1986–1994
United Arab Republic Air Force 1958-1961

Egyptian Air Force

1952-1958

Syrian Air Force

1948-1958

(now Burkina Faso)
Upper Volta Air Force 1964–1984
Venda Defence Force, Air Wing 1983–1994
Vichy France Vichy French Air Force 1940-1942
German Air Force
Luftwaffe
1955
German Naval Aviation
Marineflieger
1955
German Army Aviation Corps
Heeresfliegertruppe
1955
Bundesgrenzschutz
Federal Border Guards, Aviation Service
1954=2005
/
State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs /
/
/
/
Air Force of Serbia and Montenegro
Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана Војске Србије и Црне Горе
Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdushna odbrana Vojske Srbije i Tsrne Gore
2003-2006[90]

FR Yugoslavia Air Force
Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана Војске Југославије
Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana Vojske Jugoslavije

1992-2003

SFR Yugoslav Air Force[91]
Југословенско Ратно Ваздухопловство и Противваздушна Одбрана
Jugoslovensko Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protivvazdušna Odbrana

1945-1991

Yugoslav squadrons of the RAF. Nos. 351 and 352

1944-1945

Yugoslav Partisans Air Force

1941-1945

Royal Yugoslav Air Force
Југословенско Краљевско Ратно Ваздухопловство и Поморска Авиацијса
Jugoslovensko Kraljevsko Ratno VAzduhoplovstvo i Pomorska Aviacija

1929-1941

Yugoslav Royal Army Aviation Department
Авиацијско Одељење Југословенске Краљевске Армије
Aviacijsko Odeljenje Jugoslovenske Kraljevske Armije

1918-1929

Serbian Military Air Service

1912-1918
Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia 1941-1945

Croatian Air Force Legion - Foreign volunteer unit of the Luftwaffe

1941-1945
Royal Yugoslav Navy, Naval Air Service -1941
/
Republic of Congo (Léopoldville) /
Democratic Republic of the Congo /
Zaire Air Force
Force Aerienne Zairoies
1971-1997

Congolese Air Force
Force Aeriennes Congolaises

1960-1971

Force Publique Aviation

1944-1960

Other

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
Abkhazian Air Force 2008

 

1992–
Dutch Caribbean Caribbean Coastguard aviation
People's Liberation Army Air ForcePeople's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison 1997


Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force

1951-1993


Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force/RAF

1949-1951


Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps – Air Arm/RAF

1930-1949
Force 14 is the military air wing of Fatah, the largest faction of the PLO. 1968/1969-
Military Corps of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 1947-1950s
Transnistrian Air Force 1991
Military of Northern Cyprus 1974

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Leese, Capt. Robert. "Afghan National Army Air Corps now Afghan National Army Air Force". US Air Force, 14 June 2010. Archived 11 February 2011 at WebCite
  2. ^ As they continued the fight against the Taliban, the Mujahideen leaders individually retained the trappings of elements of the Islamic State of Afghanistan. Most of the country's military aircraft not captured by the Taliban were retained by factions remaining aligned with former President Burhanuddin Rabbani. These groups would later form the 'United Islamic Front', which is more commonly known as the 'Northern Alliance'.
  3. ^ Little is known about the Taliban regime's air force establishment.
  4. ^ The pro-Soviet regime collapsed in late April 1992 and was succeeded by the UN-sponsored government, the "Islamic State of Afghanistan", led by Burhanuddin Rabbani until overthrown by the Taliban in September 1996.
  5. ^ Soviet Union-installed regime.
  6. ^ Official establishment occurred in 1924, but the AMAA received its first aircraft in 1921 (aside from some captured in 1919).
  7. ^ As in most cases, Argentina's air arms began as an Army formation. Following a period of service unification, the Army Aviation Command was reformed on 27 November 1956, but did not gain independence from the Air Force until 3 November 1959.
  8. ^ Date first aircraft obtained; the Barbados Defence Force itself was established in 1979.
  9. ^ Preceded by RAF Squadrons 349 and 350 (1942–1946).
  10. ^ The indicated roundel was introduced in 1937 – according to Иван Бориславов и Румен Кирилов, "Самолетите на България", част втора, София, 1996, стр. 246–253 (in Bulgarian; in English: Ivan Borislavov and Rumen Kirilov, "The Airplanes of Bulgaria", part two, Sofia, 1996, pages 246–253).
  11. ^ After the First World War in accordance with the Treaty of Neuilly Bulgaria lost the right to own military air force and because of this from 1920 to 1937 its air force operated as a part of the Bulgarian civil administration – according to Иван Бориславов и Румен Кирилов, "Самолетите на България", част първа, София, 1996, стр. 62–81 (in Bulgarian; in English: Ivan Borislavov and Rumen Kirilov, "The Airplanes of Bulgaria", part one, Sofia, 1996, pages 62–81).
  12. ^ The indicated version of the German Cross was slightly modified and introduced in 1915 as most widespread Bulgarian aviation sign during the First World War along with the less employed St. Andrew's Cross – according to Иван Бориславов и Румен Кирилов, "Самолетите на България", част втора, София, 1996, стр. 246–253 (in Bulgarian; in English: Ivan Borislavov and Rumen Kirilov, "The Airplanes of Bulgaria", part two, Sofia, 1996, pages 246–253).
  13. ^ Initially operated balloons. In 1912 Bulgaria received its first airplane Bleriot XXI, with which on 13 August 1912 Simeon Petrov flew to become the first Bulgarian to pilot an airplane over Bulgaria.
  14. ^ The KPAF's name was changed to "Cambodian People's Air Force" in 1989, following the restoration of the nation's former name of Cambodia. In 1992, the PKAF was briefly resurrected as the "State of Cambodia Air Force", but it never actually became operational under that title.
  15. ^ The Vietnamese invasion of 1979 resulted in the forcible disbandment of the AFKLA; formation of a successor force did not begin until 1984.
  16. ^ The Cape Verde Coast Guard received its first aircraft in November 1992; its actual date of formation is unknown at this time.
  17. ^ The Fuerza Aérea de Chile was briefly named Fuerza Aérea Nacional in 1930.
  18. ^ The year 1919, when its first aircraft were received, is the traditional establishment date of Chile's Aviación Naval (the name by which it is still popularly referred); however, it was not officially established and recognized as a branch within the Navy until 1923.
  19. ^ When Chile's unified national air force was dissolved in 1953, the Army did not regain an air arm of its own. Disappointment with this outcome led to the founding of the Club Aéreo del Personal del Ejército (Army Personnel Aero Club) in 1959. Although never formally established as an air arm, it nevertheless served as an important and foundational predecessor to the modern CAEC.
  20. ^ The NFG was formed in the summer of 1949 for the air defense of Beijing, but was replaced by the PLAAF in November of that year.
  21. ^ On 28 February 1930, the Red Army captured a Nationalist Chinese O2U-4 Corsair reconnaissance aircraft that had been forced to land due to having run out of fuel; given a red star and named after Lenin, it was later used against the Nationalist government. This may have been the first aircraft in the Red Army. Small numbers of captured aircraft were also used against the Japanese during Nanyuan Flying Group in 1949.
  22. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  23. ^ Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), also known as Congo-Kinshasa.
  24. ^ Although Costa Rica established its air force in 1947, it did not begin flying operations until 1948.
  25. ^ The Kroatische Luftwaffen Legion was a World War II German Luftwaffe unit formed from Croatian volunteers on 2 June 1941, and had a fighter and a bomber squadron. The fighter squadron was designated 15.(Kroatische)/JG 52, and served on the Eastern Front from 6 October 1941 until July 1944. The bomber squadron was designated 15.(Kroatische)/KG 53, and served on the Eastern Front from 25 October 1941 until December 1942.
  26. ^ Full formal name is the Cuban Air Defense and Revolutionary Air Force (Defensa Anti-Aérea y Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria).
  27. ^ Established by Fidel Castro in 1958, but operations with a captured Aviación Naval aircraft began the previous year.
  28. ^ Split off from the Cuban air force in 1934, but remerged in 1952 reorganization.
  29. ^ 2011 placed under the Air Force as Squadron 723.
  30. ^ 2003 placed under the air force as Squadron 724.
  31. ^ In early 1948, Army aviation became an independent and separate service as the Dominican Military Aviation Corps (DMAC) El Cuerpo de Aviación Militar Dominicana (CAMD/AMD). The Army regained an air arm of its own in 2001.
  32. ^ At the beginning of 1951, the Navy was authorized to establish its own aviation arm, but it was absorbed into the Air Force the following year. The Navy regained an air arm of its own in 2003.
  33. ^ a b From 1958–1961, the Egyptian and Syrian air forces were unified as the United Arab Republic Air Force.
  34. ^ In 1943, 'Sonderstaffel Buschmann' was redesignated Aufklärungsgruppe 127 (AGr 127) and became a regular unit of the German Luftwaffe. On 18 October 1943, AGr 127 was divided into two units, See-Aufklärungsgruppe 127 and Nachtschlachtgruppe 11
  35. ^ 'Sonderstaffel Buschmann' was a German Luftwaffe auxiliary unit for coastal patrol. It was formed on 12 February 1942.
  36. ^ The Ethiopian Air Force effectively ceased to exist in 1991, following the victory of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) in the civil war; it was reestablished in 1995.
  37. ^ Also used the ordinary French roundel: with the Cross of Lorraine as a fin flash.
  38. ^ Also used a variant of the ordinary French roundel with bars like the USAAF insignia:
  39. ^ The national flag is used as a fin flash.
  40. ^ The Gambia formed the nucleus of an air force in 2002 and sent personnel to the Ukraine for a four-year pilot training course. The Gambia bought its first aircraft, a single http://indianairforce.nic.in/ ^
  41. ^ A new Iraqi AF roundel is sometimes reported, but has yet to be confirmed, or seen on any aircraft:
  42. ^ Also uses a low-visibility roundel:
  43. ^ Flank roundel:
  44. ^ Conglomerate of the Aviazione della Regia Marina and Corpo Aeronautico Militare. Tailfin insignia (click to enlarge): , flank roundel (click to enlarge):
  45. ^ Tailfin insignia (click to enlarge):
  46. ^ Tailfin insignia (click to enlarge):
  47. ^ (Italian) Baldassare Catalanotto, Hugo Pratt, In un cielo lontano : 70 anni di aeronautica militare. Lizard editore, 1993. ISBN 88-86456-01-8
  48. ^ Patterned on the US Air Force.
  49. ^ Also used the Imperial Japanese Navy's ensign:
  50. ^ Former ROKAF roundel – used until the 2000s (click to enlarge):
  51. ^ For some time LPLAAF also used this roundel (clik to enlarge): (www.acig.org)
  52. ^ Pathet Lao insurgents operated their own small air arm from 1960–1975; it became part of the LPLAAF.
  53. ^ Following a failed attempt at a coup d'état, the Kong Le rebel faction also briefly operated a small air arm from 1960–1963, when it was re-incorporated into the RLAF.
  54. ^ Luxembourg has no air force of its own, but NATO-owned aircraft are operated under Luxembourg registration.
  55. ^ The Malawi Young Pioneers (MYP) was a paramilitary adjunct of the League of Malawi Youth activist organization of the ruling Malawi Congress Party (MCP). Established in 1963, the first militarily trained cadres appeared in 1964, and the MYP obtained aircraft beginning in 1970.
  56. ^ Although founded in 1926, aircraft were not supplied until the following year.
  57. ^ On the flanks are used also the national flag, it seems to be used also this roundel:
  58. ^ The yellow variant of the soyombo roundel is also reported: .
  59. ^ Preceded by RAAF squadrons 18, 119 and 120 (1942–1946) and RAF squadrons 320, 321 and 322 (1940–1945).
  60. ^ Includes Royal New Zealand Navy aircraft as No. 6 Squadron and formerly No. 6 Squadron.
  61. ^ Also included RAF squadrons 75 and 485–490 during World War II.
  62. ^ There is also the alternate version:
  63. ^ Paraguayan Air Arms
  64. ^ Paraguay Naval Aviation
  65. ^ A new tricolour star has been reported since 2007 on several planes and helicopters: militaryphotos.net, airliners.net:
  66. ^ The Serbian-Montenegrin union of Yugoslavia was dissolved in 2006 and the former nation's military assets were divided between them.
  67. ^ After World War I, Serbia was united with other Balkan states into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  68. ^ Finflash (click to enlarge):
  69. ^ Some units customize their roundels, painting in white inside, their own symbol or motto.
  70. ^ Merged with Swedish Air Force 2003
  71. ^ Information on the organization of Chinese military aviation prior to 1925, when the Kuomintang began establishing its Aviation Bureaus around China, is very spotty as many records have been lost during the conflicts raging from 1931–1949 and the subsequent Cultural Revolution; in fact, during most of these earlier years, China fielded multiple air forces, most being the personal air arms of various warlords — some allied with the national government and some not. During World War II (which began for the Chinese with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931), the Japanese established a number of puppet governments, several of which were permitted to field small air forces.
  72. ^ Although a formal aviation arm was not stood up until 1979, the ROC Army created an Aviation Section for each of its two corps and an Aviation Platoon for its General Headquarters in 1956.
  73. ^ Russia provided Tajikistan with several helicopters in 1993 and began to organize an indigenous air force by no later than 1994; however, most sources express doubts as to its operational effectiveness.
  74. ^ http://forums.gunboards.com/showthread.php?158607-Japanese-use-of-Type-45-Siamese-Mauser
  75. ^ Although some aircraft were obtained after independence in 1960 and further aircraft were supplied by France in 1963, the air force was not formally established until 1964.
  76. ^ However, Tunisia's first aircraft were not obtained until 1960.
  77. ^ Includes the Dubai Defence Force Air Wing (formed 1971); Abu Dhabi Army Air Wing (formed 1968); and Abu Dhabi Air Force (formed 1972).
  78. ^ Official date of integration of the several emirate air arms, but actual integration took many years.
  79. ^ a b RNAS and RFC merged to form RAF
  80. ^ a b Formerly part of the Royal Air Force.
  81. ^ Also uses a low-visibility roundel:
  82. ^ Previous roundels as per US Navy
  83. ^ De-militarized in 1946
  84. ^ Aviación Militar Bolivariana – Paladín del Espacio Soberano
  85. ^ Preceded and supported by RAF squadrons 310–313 (1940–1946) and the Soviet Air Force's 1st Czech Fighter Regiment.
  86. ^ The Manchukuo Air Transport Company served as a para-military airline which performed transport and reconnaissance missions for Japanese military forces.
  87. ^ Until the fifties was in use the single bordered star, also painted on fuselage and rudder (click to enlarge)
  88. ^ Red outline added to celebrate victory over Nazi Germany and is referred to as the Victory Star.
  89. ^ Montenegro voted to secede from the FRY in 2006 and the union with Serbia was dissolved, with FRY military assets being divided between the (now) two nations.
  90. ^ Preceded by the Partizanska Eskadrila NOVJ and RAF squadrons 351 and 352 (the RAF Balkan Air Force, 1942–1945)

External links

  • Cocardes du monde entier – Roundels of the World
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