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Leo Spitzer

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Leo Spitzer

Leo Spitzer (7 February 1887 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary – 16 September 1960 in Forte dei Marmi, Italy) was an Austrian Romanist and Hispanist, and an influential and prolific literary critic. He was known for his emphasis on stylistics.

He was a doctoral student of Wilhelm Meyer-Lübke, receiving his doctorate in 1910. He was a professor of the University of Marburg in 1925, at the University of Cologne in 1930. He left Germany in 1933, moving to Istanbul. From there he went to Johns Hopkins University in 1936 (succeeding the chair in Romance philology left vacant with the death of David S. Blondheim in 1934), where he remained for the rest of his life.

According to René Wellek and Austin Warren:

Selected Works

  • Die Wortbildung als stilistisches Mittel exemplifiziert an Rabelais. Max Niemeyer, Halle 1910.
  • Aufsätze zur romanischen Syntax und Stilistik. Max Niemeyer, Halle 1918.
  • Fremdwörterhatz und Fremdvölkerhaß. Eine Streitschrift gegen die Sprachreinigung. Manzsche Hof-, Verlags- und Universitäts-Buchhandlung, Wien 1918.
  • Studien zu Henri Barbusse. F. Cohen, Bonn 1920.
  • Lexikalisches aus dem Katalanischen und den übrigen iberomanischen Sprachen. Leo S. Olschki, Genf 1921.
  • Über die Ausbildung von Gegensinn in der Wortbildung. In: Ernst Gamillscheg and Leo Spitzer: Beiträge zur romanischen Wortbildungslehre. Leo S. Olschki, Genf 1921.
  • Italienische Kriegsgefangenenbriefe. Materialien zu einer Charakteristik der volkstümlichen italienischen Korrespondenz. Peter Hanstein (edit.), Bonn 1921.
  • Italienische Umgangssprache Kurt Schroeder, Bonn 1922.
  • Stilstudien. Hueber, München 1928.
  • Romanische Stil-und Literaturstudien. Elwer'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Marburg 1931.
  • Der Stil Diderots (1948). In Jochen Schlobach (edit.): Denis Diderot. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1992, ISBN 3-534-09097-7.
  • Racine et Goethe. In: Revue d’histoire de la philosophie et d’histoire générale de la civilisation 1.1933: S.58-75.
  • La enumeración caótica de la poesía moderna. Instituto de Filología, Buenos Aires 1945.
  • Linguistics and Literary History. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ 1948.
  • Essays on English and American Literature. Hrsg. von Anna Granville Hatcher. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ 1962.
  • Classical and Christian Ideas of World Harmony: Prolegomena to an Interpretation of the Word "Stimmung". Anna Granville Hatcher; mit einem Vorwort von René Wellek. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 1963.
  • Interpretationen zur Geschichte der französischen Lyrik. Hrsg. von Helga Jauß-Meyer u. Peter Schunk. Selbstverlag des Romanischen Seminars der Universität Heidelberg 1961. (Aus Tonbandaufnahmen erstelltes Skriptum einer Gastvorlesung im Sommersemester 1958 an der Universität Heidelberg)


  1. ^ Wellek and Warren, Theory of Literature, 3rd edition (Penguin, 1963), pp.182-83.
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