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Lüsse

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Lüsse

This article is about the settlement. For the Sand Land character, see Belzi.
Bad Belzig

Old Town with Eisenhardt Castle

Coat of arms
Bad Belzig
Bad Belzig

Coordinates: 52°08′32″N 12°35′44″E / 52.14222°N 12.59556°E / 52.14222; 12.59556Coordinates: 52°08′32″N 12°35′44″E / 52.14222°N 12.59556°E / 52.14222; 12.59556

Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District
Subdivisions 4 Stadtteile & 14 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Hannelore Klabunde
Area
 • Total 234.82 km2 (90.66 sq mi)
Elevation 88 m (289 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 11,119
 • Density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 14806
Dialling codes 033841
Vehicle registration PM
Website www.belzig.de

Bad Belzig (Potsdam-Mittelmark district.

Geography

Bad Belzig is located within the Fläming hill range and in the centre of the High Fläming Nature Park. The plains north of the town are home to one of the few Great Bustard populations in Germany.

Since 2003, when 14 surrounding villages were incorporated into Bad Belzig, some of them voluntarily, others by Brandenburg Landtag (state parliament) legislation, Bad Belzig has an area of 234.83 km². These villages became districts (Ortsteile) of Belzig:

  • Bergholz
  • Borne
  • Dippmannsdorf     
  • Fredersdorf
  • Groß Briesen
  • Hagelberg     
  • Kuhlowitz
  • Lübnitz
  • Lüsse
  • Lütte
  • Neschholz
  • Ragösen
  • Schwanebeck
  • Werbig

The forest of Verlorenwasser near Werbig encompassed the geographical centre of East Germany.

History

A Slavic fort of Belizi was first mentioned in a 997 deed issued by Emperor Otto III in favour of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg. Whether this denotation refers to Bad Belzig or the neighbouring town of Beelitz has not been conclusively established. Nevertheless both towns celebrated their 1000 years anniversary in 1997.


The estates however had actually already been lost in the Slavic uprising of 983 and were not conquered again until 1153 by Albert the Bear from the House of Ascania. In 1251 the castle (Burg Eisenhardt) and the adjacent settlement became part of Saxe-Wittenberg under Albert's successor Duke Albert I. However it was claimed by the bishops of Magdeburg, whose forces devastated Belzig in 1406. The rebuilt castle was again seized by the Hussite general Prokop the Great when he invaded Saxony in 1429, after which Elector Ernest of Saxony from the House of Wettin enlarged it to a fortress. During the Thirty Years' War it was seized by the troops of the Swedish Empire in 1636, after Elector John George I had allied with Emperor Ferdinand II in the Peace of Prague.

The Romanesque St Mary's Church was built in the late 13th century. According to an inscription in the keystone of the western entrance, Martin Luther preached here on January 14, 1530. Eisenhardt Castle. Bad Belzig was granted town privileges in 1702. During the War of the Sixth Coalition on August 27, 1813 troops of the French Empire and Saxony were attacked by Prussian and Russian forces near the village of Hagelberg. The encounter ended in a French defeat, while several Saxon units went over to the Prussians. According to the Final Act of the 1815 Congress of Vienna Bad Belzig was ceded to Prussia and became part of the Province of Brandenburg, after having belonged to the Saxon Electorate for centuries.

In 1934 ammunition works were established in Bad Belzig including a labor camp with about 1500 forced laborers. During the years 1936-1945, Burg Eisenhardt was the site of the Reichsschule (leadership school) for the Technischen Nothilfe ('technical emergency relief'). (The Technische Nothilfe was abolished in May, 1945, but the idea was revived by Otto Lummitzsch in the form of the Technisches Hilfswerk in 1950, which exists to this day as one of the pillars of the German civil protection infrastructure.) Between 1940 and 1945 a subcamp of the women's concentration camp Ravensbrück with about 750 inmates was also located nearby. Bad Belzig was also the site of a large radio transmitter station, erected in 1939. In 1952 the town became the capital of the Belzig district and in 1993 of the newly created district of Potsdam-Mittelmark. In 1995 Bad Belzig was awarded the official title of a climatic health resort. Effective March 2010, the town's name was changed to "Bad Belzig".

Demography

Politics

Hannelore Klabunde is mayor of Bad Belzig. On September 28, 2008 she was directly elected with a support of 57,5% of the vote.

The municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) has 22 members. As of the 2008 elections the Social Democrats (SPD) have 5 seats, the Left Party (Die Linke) 4, the Christian Democrats (CDU) 4, Free Voters 2 and the Liberals (FDP) and the Greens (Grüne) 1 seat each. The remaining seats went to small local groups.

The town's shield depicts the coat of arms of Saxony due to the long-time affiliation with the Saxon Electorate.

International relations


Bad Belzig is twinned with Ritterhude, a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.

Bad Belzig exchanges students with Even Yehuda. ( Israel. )Yet, there is not official agreement between the cities. ( Ciatation is needed. )

Places of interest

Main attractions are medieval Eisenhardt castle and the thermal bath SteinTherme. There is also a picturesque historic town centre with the town hall and the market place in the middle.

Places of interest in the incorporated villages include Glien Manor (Klein Glien) in Hagelberg and the windmill in Borne.

There is also a set of sculpture walks starting from Bad Belzig, heading towards Wiesenburg.

Economy

The district administration is the major employer in Bad Belzig. Bad Belzig is the central town of rural High Fläming area. Thus there are schools, shops, supermarkets, a hospital and a cinema that are used by folk from the surrounding villages and towns. There is a successful rehabilitation clinic in Bad Belzig. After 1989, Bad Belzig has started an ambitious programme to become a spa town and to bring forward tourism.

References

External links

  • official website (German)
  • official website of the Tourist Board (German)
  • Stein Therme - thermal bath (German)
  • High Fläming Nature Park (German)
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