World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kruzenshtern (ship)

Kruzenshtern following the Statsraad Lehmkuhl
Career (Germany)
Name: Padua
Namesake: Padua
Owner: F. Laeisz, Hamburg (1926–46)
Operator: F. Laeisz, Hamburg (1926–46)
Port of registry: Hamburg (1920–33)
Hamburg (1933-46)
Route: as Padua: between Hamburg & Chile
Builder: Joh. C. Tecklenborg, Bremerhaven
Yard number: 408
Launched: 11 June 1926
Fate: surrendered to the USSR as reparations 1946
Career (Russia)
Name: Kruzenshtern
Namesake: Adam Johann Krusenstern
Owner: Soviet Navy (1946–91)
Russian Navy (1991–)
Port of registry: Riga (1946–81)
Tallinn (1981–91)
Kaliningrad (1991–)
Acquired: 1946
Identification: IMO number: 6822979
Call sign: UCVK
MMSI number: 273243700
Status: in service
General characteristics
Type: cargo ship (1926–46)
survey ship & training ship (1961–65)
training ship 1965–present
Tonnage: 3,064 GRT (as Padua)[1]
Length: 114.4 m (375 ft)
Beam: 14.02 m (46.0 ft)
Height: 51.3 m (168 ft)
Draught: 6.8 m (22 ft)
Installed power: 2 x 1,000 bhp 8-cylinder diesel engines
Propulsion: sail & screw
Speed: 17.3 knots (32.0 km/h; 19.9 mph)
Crew: 257
Notes: Holds record for sailing between Hamburg and Australia via Chile: 8 months and 23 days

The Kruzenshtern or Krusenstern (Russian: Барк Крузенштерн) is a four-masted barque and tall ship that was built in 1926 at Geestemünde in Bremerhaven, Germany as the Padua (named after the Italian city). She was surrendered to the USSR in 1946 as war reparation and renamed after the early 19th century Baltic German explorer in Russian service, Adam Johann Krusenstern (1770–1846). She is now a Russian Navy sail training ship.

Of the four remaining Flying P-Liners, the former Padua is the only one still in use, mainly for training purposes, with her home ports in Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg) and Murmansk. After the Sedov, another former German ship, she is the largest traditional sailing vessel still in operation.


  • As Padua 1
  • As Kruzenshtern 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6
    • Photos and videos 6.1

As Padua

Under sail

Launched in 1926 as the last of the P-Liners, the Padua was commissioned as a cargo ship, used among other things to ship construction material to Chile, South America, returning with saltpeter around Cape Horn. Later she transported wheat from Australia. Her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Talcahuano, Chile took 87 days. In 1933–1934 she took a record-breaking 67 days from Hamburg to Port Lincoln in South Australia. Prior to World War II she made 15 long trips to Chile and Australia. Her fastest voyage was in 1938–1939, from Hamburg via Chile to Australia and back to Hamburg in 8 months and 23 days under Captain Richard Wendt — a World record voyage for tall ships that has never been broken.

Like all P-liners, Padua was painted according to the colours of the German national flag of the German Empire era: black (hull above water, topsides), white (waterline area) and red (underwater body).

As Kruzenshtern

On January 12, 1946 she was surrendered to the USSR and integrated into the Baltic Fleet of the Soviet Navy. She was moored in Kronstadt harbour until 1961 where she underwent major repairs and a refit (e.g. the installation of her first engines) for her missions for the Hydrographic Department of the Soviet Navy. From 1961 to 1965 she undertook many hydrographic and oceanographical surveys for the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean, and Mediterranean, and was used as a training vessel for naval cadets. In 1965 she was transferred to the USSR Ministry of Fisheries in Riga to be used as a schoolship for future fishery officers.

From 1968 to 1972 a major modernisation took place, installing her current set of engines and applying her current hull paint – black with a wide white stripe with black rectangles intended to give the illusion of gunports. Kruzenshtern led the international procession of tall ships into New York Harbor for Operation Sail on Sunday, July 4, 1976.

At Sail Bremerhaven 2005.
Line art of the Kruzenshtern.

In January 1981 she was transferred to the "Estonian Fisheries Industry" at Tallinn and in 1991 she became part of the "State Baltic Academy of the Fisheries" fleet with her new home port in Kaliningrad.

The Kruzenshtern takes part in many international regattas. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union funding became a problem, so passengers are carried for that purpose. In 1995–96 she circumnavigated the World in the trail of her namesake. She again sailed around the World in 2005–06 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Krustenstern's circumnavigation.[2]

The ship was used in three German films — Die Meuterei auf der Elsinore (1935); Herz geht vor Anker (1940) and Große Freiheit Nr. 7 (1944), as well as a number of Russian and Soviet films.

The Крузенштерн at SAIL Amsterdam 2005

In 1997 she was the main subject of an Estonian/British documentary produced by Allfilm and First Freedom Productions called 'Tall Ship' and transmitted on Discovery.

On 23 June 2009 while she was en route to the Charleston, South Carolina Harborfest, her foremast was damaged in a storm off Bermuda when the sail backed and snapped the mast.[3]

On 3 May 2010 she stopped in Bremerhaven after a trip of five months with stops in Vancouver for the 2010 Winter Olympics and in Cuba, after which she returned to Kaliningrad. On 4 August 2014, Kruzenshtern sank the tug Diver Master at Esbjerg, Denmark when a line between the two vessels failed to release.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Harnack, Edwin P (1938) [1903]. All About Ships & Shipping (7th ed.). London:  
  2. ^ Известия.Ру: Выжиматель ветра вернулся домой
  3. ^ "Harbor Fest tall ship is storm-tossed: Fierce thunderstorm snaps Russian tall ship's foremast".  
  4. ^ Hancock, Paul (4 August 2014). "TUG SUNK BY RUSSIAN TALL SHIP". Shipwrecklog. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 

Further reading

  • Burmester, Heinz: Das Rennen Passat contra Padua 1935. Albatros Jg. 34, Bremen, 1989. pp 1–5, ill. Translation of Olof Granquist's account of this journey published in De våra i främmande land, December 1944.
  • Burmester, Heinz: Den stora kappseglingen Padua versus Passat. Longitude 17, Stockholm, 1981. pp 28–39, ill.
  • Feddersen, Hans-Peter: Acht Tage auf der Krusenstern / Padua. Albatros Jg. 34, Bremen, 1989. pp 26–27.
  • Gerdau, Kurt: Viermastbark Padua … ein ruhmreiches Schiff. Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Herford, 1978. 8vo, 99, (5) pp, 12 pl.
  • Grönstrand, Lars: Seglande skepps farter. Longitude 3, Stockholm, 1968. pp 30–37, ill.

External links

  • Official site, news feed
  • The Kruzenshtern: The end of the Tall Ships?
  • L. Sergeeva (Baltic Fishing Fleet State Academy, Kaliningrad, Russia): Academic and research activities on board STS «Krusenstern»

Photos and videos

  • Fine Art Prints of the "Kruzenshtern" ship]
  • PHOTOS: Kruzenshtern at Tall Ships Nova Scotia 2009 Festival in Halifax.
  • 360° QTVR fullscreen panoramas of the "Kruzenshtern" ship]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.