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Swami Krishnananda
Swami Krishnananda
Born Subbaraya
25 April 1922
Died 23 November 2001 (aged 79)
Guru Sivananda Saraswati
Philosophy Vedanta

Swami Krishnananda (April 25, 1922 – November 23, 2001) was a Hindu saint. He was a disciple of Swami Sivananda and served as the General Secretary of the Divine Life Society in Rishikesh, India from 1958 until 2001. Author of more than 200 texts, and lecturing extensively, on yoga, religion, and metaphysics, Krishnananda was a prolific theologian and philosopher.

Krishnananda was President of the Sivananda Literature Research Institute and the Sivananda Literature Dissemination Committee. He served as editor of the Divine Life Society’s monthly paper, Divine Life, for 20 years.



Krishnananda was a philosopher, especially in the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics. Though he valued and was a scholar of Western philosophy, he was an exponent of Advaita Vedanta philosophy, the most influential[1] sub-school of Vedanta.


Krishnananda taught and practiced Yoga of Synthesis, a method of yoga he learned directly from Sivananda. It combines the four main paths of the discipline - Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga, and Jnana Yoga.[2]

Krishnananda's approach to yoga was ultimately that of the integral Yoga of Synthesis, but due to his prolificacy as a theologian and philosopher, he is widely known as a jnana yogi. Jnana yoga or "path of knowledge"[3] is one of the types of yoga mentioned in Hindu philosophies.


He wrote over 50 books and 160 essays. These, along with most of his lectures, have been published by the DLS and its affiliated organisations. Many have been translated.

His works consisted of commentaries, such as his expositions of the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita; monographs, primarily in the spheres of metaphysics, epistemology, and psychology, and on the study and practice of yoga, in light of the Upanishads and the writings of Sivananda; and published dialogs of his interactions withs other people.

See also



  • Deutsch, Elliot (1969). Advaita Vedanta: A Philosophical Reconstruction. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-0271-3
  • Flood, Gavin (1996). An Introduction to Hinduism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43878-0

Further reading

  • Chidananda, S.; Gunasekaran, K.J.A.; Hridayananda, S.; Keikens, Narayan; Krishnamurthy, V.; Krishnananda, S.; Madhavananda, S.; Mandali, Matru; Naik, B.R.; Nath, Dr. Bharat Chandra; Narayanananda, S.; Prasad, Ganesh; Randev, Prof. Vasudav; Rao, Seshagiri; Sachdev, Medha; Sahai, Baldeo; Sinha, D.M.; Sivachidananda, S.; Sivananda, S.; Tushar, Chattopadhyay; Vandana, Mataji; Viveka, Mataji; Yagnavalkyananandaji, S.; (1999) A Messenger of Peace and Wisdom. Rishikesh: Yoga Vedanta Forest Academy Press.
  • Divine Life (2001). "Swami Krishnananda Attains Mahasamadhi" Divine Life. December 2001: pp. 1–5
  • Krishnananda, Swami. A Sacramental Life. Rishikesh: Yoga Vedanta Forest Academy Press. 2004
  • Krishnananda, Swami. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Yoga. Rishikesh: Y.V.F.A. Press. 3rd ed. 2000 ISBN 81-7052-155-6
  • Krishnananda, Swami. My Life. Rishikesh: Y.V.F.A. Press. 1998

External links

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