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Junior Murvin

Junior Murvin
Birth name Murvin Junior Smith
Born c. 1946
Saint James, Jamaica
Died 2 December 2013 (aged 67)
Port Antonio, Jamaica
Genres Reggae
Occupation(s) Musician
Years active 1965–2013

Junior Murvin (born Murvin Junior Smith, circa 1946[1][2] – 2 December 2013)[3] was a Jamaican reggae musician. He is best known for the single "Police and Thieves", produced by Lee "Scratch" Perry in 1976.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Music career 2
  • In popular culture 3
  • Death 4
  • Discography 5
    • Albums 5.1
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

He was born in Saint James Parish, Jamaica, probably in 1946 though some sources state 1949, and moved to Port Antonio after his father's death.[3][4] He began singing as a child, influenced particularly by Curtis Mayfield, and began performing in public after his family moved to Montego Bay. He studied mechanics at the Montego Bay Technical High School, and then moved to Trenchtown in Kingston, where he lived with his aunt and auditioned unsuccessfully for Lee Perry and Coxsone Dodd.[4]

Music career

He first recorded under the name Junior Soul for Sonia Pottinger's Gayfeet label, and then began recording regularly for the Crystal label owned by Derrick Harriott, where he had a minor hit with "Solomon" in 1972. He also performed as a member of the Hippy Boys, and later the Mighty Falcons and the Tornadoes, in Kingston's nightclubs and tourist hotels.[4][5]

In 1976, he auditioned again for Perry with his own song, "Police and Thieves". This time Perry agreed to record him, and the single was released to international commercial success in Jamaica, Britain and elsewhere. Though written in the context of Jamaica's turf wars and police violence, it became closely associated with the rioting at London's Notting Hill Carnival that year.[6] Murvin and Perry co-wrote more songs together and completed an album for Island Records, Police and Thieves, released in 1977 and regarded as one of Perry's best productions.[4][5] The title song was heard by British punk rock band The Clash, whose version appeared on their debut album released in April 1977.[5] Murvin continued to record singles with Perry, including several versions of Curtis Mayfield songs, and also made recordings with producers Joe Gibbs and Alvin Ranglin. In 1980, Murvin's "Police and Thieves" finally reached the UK singles chart, peaking at no.23 after being used in the film Rockers.[7][8]

Murvin continued to record through the 1980s, but his singles had less success. However, he sang with one of Jamaica's top bands, Jah Postles, and toured widely in Europe.[3] He recorded with various producers and musicians, including Joe Gibbs, Errol Thompson, Mikey Dread with whom he recorded the 1982 album Bad Man Posse, Henry "Junjo" Lawes, Prince Jammy, and King Tubby. His other local hits included "Miss Kushie", "Cool out Son", "I'm In Love", "Bad Man Posse", and "Muggers in the Street".[3] He released his last album, Signs and Wonders, in 1989, but continued to record and release singles locally in Jamaica, some of them on his small Murvin label in Port Antonio. His last released recording was a single entitled "Wise Man", released on the London-based Dubwise record label in 1998.[4][5]

In popular culture

Australian musician Paul Kelly made a reference to Murvin in his Christmas song, "How To Make Gravy".[9] Murvin's song "Cool Out Son" was featured on the soundtrack for the video game, Skate 3, which was released in 2010.

Death

Murvin died on 2 December 2013, in a hospital in Port Antonio,[10] at the age of 67. He had been suffering from diabetes[3] and hypertension.[10]

Discography

Albums

  • Police and Thieves (1977), Island
  • Tedious (1978), Mango
  • Bad Man Posse (1982), Dread At The Controls
  • Muggers in the Street (1984), Greensleeves
  • Apartheid (1986), Jammy's
  • Signs and Wonders (1989), Live & Love
  • World Cry (1995), Sunvibes
  • Inna de Yard (2007), Makasound

See also

References

  1. ^ BBC News, "Jamaican reggae singer Junior Murvin dies, aged 67", 3 December 2013
  2. ^ , 3 December 2013theguardian.comDavid Katz, "Junior Murvin obituary",
  3. ^ a b c d e Police And Thieves' Singer Is Dead"'". Jamaica Gleaner. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Junior Murvin biography at Reggae-vibes.com. Retrieved 2 December 2013
  5. ^ a b c d Huey, Steve. "Junior Murvin".  
  6. ^ "Reggae singer Junior Murvin dies aged 64". The Independent. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Betts, Graham (2004). Complete UK Hit Singles 1952-2004 (1st ed.). London: Collins. p. 541.  
  8. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 384.  
  9. ^ "Reggae star Junior Murvin, of Paul Kelly and The Clash fame, dies". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Jamaican reggae singer Junior Murvin dies, aged 67". BBC. 3 December 2013. 

External links

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