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Josip Šilović

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Josip Šilović

Josip Šilović
Born (1858-09-08)8 September 1858
Praputnjak near Bakar, Austrian Empire
Died 9 May 1939(1939-05-09) (aged 80)
Zagreb, Banovina of Croatia
Nationality Croat

Josip Šilović (Praputnjak near Bakar, September 8, 1858 - Zagreb, May, 9 1939) was a Croatian jurist, university professor, rector of the University of Zagreb, member of the Croatian Parliament and first ban of the Sava Banovina.

Contents

  • Early life and Career 1
  • Charity work 2
  • Works 3
  • References 4

Early life and Career

Josip Šilović had a difficult childhood. He was a child of an emigrant forest worker who died at work leaving a widow with four children. His life in poverty during his childhood was associated with his exceptional humanitarian work later in life. After graduating in law and rehabilitation, he acquired a doctorate in law in 1884 on the Orthodox Christianity and Administrative Sciences Faculty. After working in judiciary and administration from 1883 until 1894, he started to work as a full professor of civil law and civil procedure (1894-1897), criminal law, criminal procedure and philosophy of law (1894-1924) at the Faculty of Law in Zagreb. In academic year 1898/1899 he served as rector of the University of Zagreb. He is a founder of modern Croatian teaching of criminal law. Šilović was fluent in five languages and shorthand. He was an MP for the People's Party in the Croatian Parliament. Šilović served as Ban of Sava Banovina from 1929 to 1931.[1][2]

Charity work

In addition to his regular job at the University, Šimović was intensively conducting charitable activities. He was a longtime president of humanitarian organisation "National Defense-Union of Charities" and one of the editors of the publication "National Defense". He was often called "father of Croatian social policies, especially child protection" and "promoter of charity and humanitarian actions".[3][4]

During the First World War Šimović served as Director of the "Office for helping victims of war". His credits include saving a large number of starving children and young people from Istria, Bosnia and southern parts of Croatia.

Works

  • Self-defense (Nužna obrana) (1890)
  • Criminal law (Kazneno pravo) (1893)
  • Free Will and the Criminal Law (Slobodna volja i kazneno pravo) (1899)
  • Suspended sentence (Uvjetna osuda) (1912)
  • Causes of crimes (Uzroci zločina) (1913)
  • General Criminal Law (Kazneno pravo: Opći dio) (1929)

References

  1. ^ http://www.enciklopedija.hr/natuknica.aspx?id=59536
  2. ^ http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?id_clanak_jezik=11436&show=clanak
  3. ^ http://www.unizg.hr/rektori/jsilovic.htm
  4. ^ http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=13739
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