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John Muir National Historic Site

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Title: John Muir National Historic Site  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Martinez, California, John Muir, Alhambra Creek, List of National Historic Landmarks in California, John Strentzel
Collection: 1964 Establishments in California, Biographical Museums in California, California Historical Landmarks, Historic American Buildings Survey in California, Historic House Museums in California, History of Contra Costa County, California, Houses Completed in 1883, Houses in Contra Costa County, California, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in California, Italianate Architecture in California, Martinez, California, Museums in Contra Costa County, California, National Historic Sites in California, National Register of Historic Places in Contra Costa County, California, Places on the Juan Bautista De Anza National Historic Trail, Protected Areas Established in 1962, Protected Areas Established in 1964, Sierra Club, Victorian Architecture in California
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John Muir National Historic Site

The John Muir National Historic Site is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, in Martinez, Contra Costa County, California. It preserves the 14-room Italianate Victorian mansion where the naturalist and writer John Muir lived, as well as a nearby tract of native oak woodlands and grasslands historically owned by the Muir family. The main site is on the edge of town, in the shadow of State Route 4, also known as the "John Muir Parkway".[1]

History

Mansion

The mansion was built in 1883 by Dr. John Strentzel, Muir's father-in-law, with whom Muir went into partnership, managing his fruit ranch. Muir and his wife, Louisa, moved into the house in 1890, and he lived there until his death in 1914.

View from south over the house to the orchards in 1900

Conservationist

While living here, Muir realized many of his greatest accomplishments, co-founding and serving as the first president of the Sierra Club,[2] in the wake of his battle to prevent Yosemite National Park's Hetch Hetchy Valley from being dammed, playing a prominent role in the creation of several national parks, writing hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles and several books expounding on the virtues of conservation and the natural world, and laying the foundations for the creation of the National Park Service in 1916.

The home contains Muir’s "scribble den," as he called his study, and his original desk, where he wrote about many of the ideas that are the bedrock of the modern conservation movement.[3]

Archive and Landmark

The Muir house was documented by the Historic American Buildings Survey in 1960.[4]

It became a National Historic Site in 1964, is a California Historical Landmark #312 and National Historic Landmark, and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1988 nearby Mount Wanda Nature Preserve was added to the Historic Site.[5]

John Muir National Historic Site

The John Muir National Historic Site offers a biographical film, tours of the house and nature walks on Mount Wanda.[6]

See also

References

External links

  • Travel Itinerary: "Early History of the California Coast"Discover Our Shared HeritageNational Park Service
  • John Muir Association
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. }|, } data page}}} photo caption page}}}}
  • websiteJuan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trailofficial U.S. National Park Service

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