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Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico

Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico
CDP
Motto: The Gateway of the Jemez World

Location of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico

Coordinates: 35°36′38″N 106°43′39″W / 35.61056°N 106.72750°W / 35.61056; -106.72750Coordinates: 35°36′38″N 106°43′39″W / 35.61056°N 106.72750°W / 35.61056; -106.72750

Country United States
State New Mexico
County Sandoval
Area
 • Total 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Land 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,604 ft (1,708 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,953
 • Density 957.0/sq mi (369.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 87024
Area code(s) 575
FIPS code 35-35250
GNIS feature ID 0928742
Jemez Pueblo
Jemez Pueblo, 1850 illustration
Nearest city Bernalillo, New Mexico
Built 1700
Architectural style Late Victorian, Pueblo, Other
Governing body Tribal council
NRHP Reference # 77000926 [1]
Added to NRHP May 02, 1977

Jemez Pueblo (/ˈhməs/; Towa: Walatowa) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sandoval County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 1,953 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The CDP is named after the pueblo at its center. Among Pueblo members it is known as Walatowa.[2]

Geography

Jemez Pueblo is located at 33°36′39″N 106°44′39″W / 33.61083°N 106.74417°W / 33.61083; -106.74417 (35.610435, -106.727509)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.3 km². There is no water on this piece of land.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,953 people, 467 households, and 415 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 957.0 people per square mile (369.6/km²). There were 499 housing units at an average density of 244.5 per square mile (94.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 0.41% White, 99.13% Native American, 0.31% from other races, and 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 467 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 35.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.1% were non-families. 9.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.18 and the average family size was 4.45.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 35.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $28,889, and the median income for a family was $30,880. Males had a median income of $20,964 versus $17,262 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,045. About 27.2% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 34.6% of those age 65 or over.

Jemez Artists

Jemez Runners

As much as 70% of the 1,890 Jemez People were living on their reservation lands in the early 1970s. Though by then an increasing number were switching to wage-earning work rather than agriculture, the residents continued to raise chile peppers, corn, and wheat, to speak their native language, and to maintain customary practices.

Running, an old Jemez pastime and ceremonial activity, grew even more popular than it had been before World War II. Prior to the advent of television at Jemez, tales of running feats had been a major form of entertainment on winter nights. Races continued to hold their ceremonial place as the years passed, their purpose being to assist the movement of the sun and moon or to hasten the growth of crops, for example. At the same time, they became a popular secular sport. The year 1959 saw the first annual Jemez All-Indian Track and Field Meet, won by runners from Jemez seven times in the first ten years. A Jemez runner, Steve Gachupin, won the Pikes Peak Marathon six times, in 1968, setting a record by reaching the top in just 2 hours, 14 minutes, 56 seconds.[6]

See also

References

Further reading

  • Sando, Joe S., Nee Hemish: A History of Jemez Pueblo, Clear Light Publishing (2008), trade paperback, 264 pages, ISBN 1-57416-091-5

External links

  • Pueblo of Jemez website
  • Walatowa Visitor Center
  • List of Jemez Artists
  • Jemez Pueblo on New Mexico Office of the State Historian
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