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Jabotabek

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Jabotabek

Jabodetabek (originally Jabotabek) was an official definition of the urban area surrounding the Indonesia capital city Jakarta. The definition "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1980s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" a decade later when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name; it finally included five municipalities and three regencies, it was officially expanded again in 2011 to "Jabodetabekjur" to incorporate a part of Cianjur Regency.[1] The population of Jabotabek was 28.0 million according to the Indonesian Census 2010.[2]

The area comprises the DKI Jakarta and parts of West Java and Banten provinces, specifically the three Regencies of those provinces which surround Jakarta - Bekasi and Bogor in West Java, and Tangerang in Banten. Also included were the Kota (formerly Kotamadya) independent municipalities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang.

The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Jabo(de)tabek from Jakarta, Bogor, (Depok), Tangerang and Bekasi.

Greater Jakarta

Main article: Greater Jakarta

Demographics

Among the inhabitants, approximately 9.58 million live in Jakarta in 2010; almost 8.2 million in the five cities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang, and South Tangerang; and almost 10.2 million in the three regencies (Bekasi Regency, Tangerang Regency, and Bogor Regency). The population is steadily increasing due to migration from other parts of Indonesia.


Common names for Greater Jakarta:

Administrative division
(with province)
Area (km²)[3] Population (2010 Census Final)[3]) Population density (/km²)
DKI Jakarta 664 9,588,198 14,464
Bogor Municipality
(West Java)
109 952,406 8,737
Bekasi Municipality
(West Java)
210 2,378,211 9,905
Tangerang Municipality
(Banten)
164 1,797,715 9,342
South Tangerang Municipality
(Banten)
151 1,303,569 8,646
Bogor Regency
(West Java)
2,664 4,779,578 1,791
Tangerang Regency
(Banten)
960 2,838,621 2,958
Bekasi Regency
(West Java)
1,270 2,629,551 2,071
Depok Municipality
(West Java)
200 1,751,696 7,053
Jabodetabek Region 6,392 28,019,545 4,383.53

W.J. = West Java province B. = Banten province

Source: Central Bureau of Statistics provincial data

Transportation

The region is partly defined by the areas from which people commute into the city.

Rail services and termini

Jabotabek is served by commuter train known as Jabotabek electric train (KRL Jabotabek) with four line rail road.

  • Serpong - Manggarai rail road. It has four major terminals at Serpong station in South Tangerang City, Tanah Abang Station (Central Jakarta), Sudirman Station (Central Jakarta), and finally at Manggarai Station in South Jakarta.
  • Tangerang - Jakarta Kota rail road. It has two major terminals at Tangerang station in Tangerang City and Jakarta Kota.

Major bus stations

The region is served by six major bus terminals, connected innercity and intercity :

Bus stations Location City/Regency
Pulo Gadung Pulo Gadung East Jakarta
Kampung Rambutan Pasar Rebo East Jakarta
Lebak Bulus Cilandak South Jakarta
Blok M Kebayoran Baru South Jakarta
Tanjung Priok Tanjung Priok North Jakarta
Grogol Grogol Petamburan West Jakarta
Rawamangun Pulo Gadung East Jakarta
Kampung Melayu Jatinegara East Jakarta
Senen Senen Central Jakarta
Pasar Minggu Pasar Minggu South Jakarta
Manggarai Tebet South Jakarta
Klender Duren Sawit East Jakarta
Baranangsiang Central Bogor Bogor City
Depok Pancoran Mas Depok City
Bekasi Sepanjang Jaya Bekasi City
Cimone Cimone Tangerang City
Cikarang Cikarang Bekasi Regency
Ciputat Ciputat South Tangerang City

See also

References

Further reading

  • Forbes, Dean. "Jakarta: Globalization, economic crisis, and social change," pp. 268–298, in Josef Gugler (ed.) World Cities beyond the West: Globalization, Development and Inequality.


Coordinates: 6°10′30″S 106°49′43″E / 6.17500°S 106.82861°E / -6.17500; 106.82861

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