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HMS Caradoc (D60)

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Title: HMS Caradoc (D60)  
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Subject: List of cruiser classes of the Royal Navy, C-class cruiser, Augustus Agar, British Rail Class 42, List of World War II ships, Henry Ruthven Moore, Ragnar Colvin, Edward Neville Syfret
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HMS Caradoc (D60)

For other ships of the same name, see HMS Caradoc.
in the foreground
Career
Class and type: C-class light cruiser
Name: HMS Caradoc
Builder: Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Greenock
Laid down: 21 February 1916
Launched: 23 December 1916
Commissioned: 15 June 1917
Reclassified: Became a base ship in April 1944
Fate: Sold to be broken up for scrap on 5 April 1946, scrapped May 1946
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 4,190 tons
Length: 450 ft (140 m)
Beam: 43.6 ft (13.3 m)
Draught: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Two Brown-Curtis geared turbines
Six Yarrow boilers
Two propellers
40,000 shp
Speed: 29 knots
Range: carried 300 tons (950 tons maximum) of fuel oil
Complement: 327
Armament:

5 × 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk XII guns
2 × QF 3 inch 20 cwt AA guns
2 × QF 2 pounder guns

8 × 21 inch torpedo tubes
Armour: 3 inch side (amidships)
2¼-1½ inch side (bows)
2 inch side (stern)
1 inch upper decks (amidships)
1 inch deck over rudder

HMS Caradoc was a C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was part of the Caledon group of the C-class of cruisers.

Construction and early service

She was built by Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Greenock. She was laid down on 21 February 1916, launched on 23 December 1916 and completed and commissioned into the Navy on 15 June 1917. She formed part of the 6th Light Cruiser Squadron of the Grand Fleet in common with the other ships of the Caledon subgroup. With her sister HMS Cassandra she ran aground on Fair Isle on 15 August 1917. Both ships were successfully salvaged.

Inter-war years

The Caradoc spent part of her time between the World Wars in the far east. In 1927 she was part of a Royal Navy flotilla involved in the Nanjing incident helping protect British and other foreign nationals and business interests.

Second World War

She was deployed into the Atlantic Ocean on the outbreak of war and assigned to operate off the North American coast. On 23 October 1939 the light cruiser HMS Orion and the Canadian destroyer HMCS Saguenay intercepted the German tanker Emmy Friedrich. When the Caradoc arrived on the scene, the Germans scuttled their ship to prevent her capture. On 11 December 1940 the German blockade runner Rhein was intercepted by the Dutch sloop HNLMS Van Kinsbergen west of the Florida Strait. The Rhein was set on fire by her own crew to prevent her capture, and the wreck was sunk later that day by HMS Caradoc.

Caradoc became a base ship in April 1944, and after the end of the war was considered obsolete. She was sold to be broken up for scrap on 5 April 1946 and subsequently scrapped at Briton Ferry, Wales in May 1946.

References

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