World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Grand Bay, Alabama

Article Id: WHEBN0000104910
Reproduction Date:

Title: Grand Bay, Alabama  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Interstate 10 in Alabama, National Register of Historic Places listings in Mobile County, Alabama, Chickasaw, Alabama, Bayou La Batre, Alabama, Grand Bay
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Grand Bay, Alabama

Grand Bay, Alabama
CDP
Motto: "A community in action"
Location in Mobile County and the state of Alabama
Location in Mobile County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Alabama
County Mobile
Area
 • Total 8.7 sq mi (22.5 km2)
 • Land 8.7 sq mi (22.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,672
 • Density 420/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36541
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-31024
GNIS feature ID 0155081

Grand Bay is a census-designated place (CDP) in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. It is included in the Mobile metropolitan statistical area. The population was 3,672 at the 2010 census.[1]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Demographics 2
    • 2010 census 2.1
  • Government and Local Services 3
  • History 4
  • Watermelon Festival 5
  • Pecans and Fruit 6
  • Community center 7
  • Economy 8
  • Notable people 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Geography

Grand Bay is located at (30.474055, -88.341836),[2] along U.S. Route 90 midway between the Alabama/Mississippi state line and the town of St. Elmo, Alabama, a few miles inland from the Mississippi Sound.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.7 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.34%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,918 people, 1,364 households, and 1,078 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 452.3 people per square mile (174.7/km²). There were 1,441 housing units at an average density of 166.4 per square mile (64.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.00% White, 8.88% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 1,364 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,941, and the median income for a family was $43,654. Males had a median income of $33,177 versus $21,920 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,741. About 6.9% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 3,672 people, 1,339 households, and 1,021 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 420 people per square mile (160/km²). There were 1,498 housing units at an average density of 172.2 per square mile (66.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.9% White, 9.4% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 1,339 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $47,722, and the median income for a family was $52,353. Males had a median income of $42,057 versus $27,277 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,141. About 9.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government and Local Services

While Grand Bay is unincorporated, the area is served by the Grand Bay Water Works Board for water service and an active volunteer fire department for fire protection. The Mobile County Sheriff's Department maintains a satellite office in Grand Bay as well. Grand Bay Water Works also provides limited sewer service for Breitling Elementary School and the business district around the Interstate 10 exchange. The Mobile County Commission, a three-member elected panel, provides all other services including road and street repair.

Grand Bay is located within District 3 of the Mobile County Commission. The current commissioner is Jerry Carl (R). In the Alabama Legislature, Grand Bay is located within House District 105. The current representative is David Sessions(R), a native of Grand Bay. In the State Senate, Grand Bay is located within District 34. This District is currently represented by Rusty Glover.

In the US House, Grand Bay, and all of Mobile County is located within the 1st Congressional District.

History

According to local accounts, George Cassibry was the first white person to settle in Grand Bay. He came to Grand Bay in 1853, establishing a homesite near the headwaters of Franklin Creek located today near the intersection of Highway 90 and Ramsey Road.[6] Exploration and settlement of the area was well underway by the mid-nineteenth century.[7][8] During the Civil War, the town saw brief military action as a column of troops under U.S. General [10]

Settlement began in earnest when the Grand Bay Land Company began offering ten acre lots for sale in the early 1900s. The lots were marketed to people living in and around Chicago and other northern cities as a way to live self-sufficiently in a mild climate.[11] Supposedly, ten acres planted in pecan and satsuma trees would be enough to supply the needs of anyone.[10] The timber industry also attracted many to the area. Much of the region south of Grand Bay to the coast along the Mississippi Sound was clearcut.[12]

For a time, the town flourished.[13] A weekly newspaper was published there and telegraph service was offered to the region through an operator at Grand Bay.[14] The town had a number of businesses including a hotel, drug store,[15] several general merchandise stores and a bank.[16][17] However, hurricanes in 1906 and 1910, along with a severe freeze, sent many scurrying back north.[18] Their efforts, however, have not gone unnoticed even today. Cogon Grass, a highly-invasive rhizome, first introduced to the area as packing material in satsuma trees imported from Asia, has now become a serious Southeastern agricultural problem.[19]

In 1993, the old Grand Bay State Bank building became the temporary site of the El Cazador Museum, and held treasure from the El Cazador. The area in and around the old bank building now forms the Grand Bay Historic District and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[20]

Watermelon Festival

A July 4 tradition since 1973, the current version of the Grand Bay Watermelon Festival offers tourists and locals an opportunity to sample locally grown watermelon while enjoying local music, arts & crafts, and informative displays from area merchants and service providers.[21]

The annual celebration has a long and storied history, having begun during the earliest years of the 20th Century. As the community and surrounding area changed during World War II, the annual celebration was discontinued. It was revived in 1973 by the Grand Bay Junior Chamber of Commerce. Currently, it is sponsored by the Grand Bay Independent Odd Fellows #73. It is currently held at the Festival Park and local baseball park just north of U.S. Highway 90 on the west side of Grand Bay. The website for the Grand Bay Watermelon Festival is: www.grandbaywatermelonfestival.org. The website for the Grand Bay Independent Order of Odd Fellows is: www.grandbayioof.org.

Pecans and Fruit

Much of the rural land around Grand Bay is planted in pecan trees, another reminder of the Grand Bay Land Company days. Many of the pecan orchards have been converted from agricultural production for use as residential home sites. However, pecan production is still an important business and provides supplemental income to residents who work in nonagricultural jobs.

In addition, the area has become home to a large peach business and satsumas, once destroyed by freezing temperatures, have now returned to commercial production in a more weather-hardy variety.

Grand Bay Watermelons, however, remain the produce most identified with the community.

Community center

The Grand Bay-St. Elmo Community Center is a multi-use facility located on the east side of Grand Bay at 11610 Highway 90. The building is near the intersection of Highway 90 and Ramsay Road Extension. Constructed in 2005, the center operates on a non-profit basis. Facilities are available for rent to the public.[22] The Center is located on the site of the former Grand Bay Elementary School for Colored, a racially segregated elementary school established in 1919.

Economy

The business section of Grand Bay stretches East to West along Highway 90 for about two miles from Festival Park Road on the west side to Highway 188 on the east, and North to South along Grand Bay Wilmer Road from Highway 90 to Old Pascagoula Road. Recent development has centered on two areas. Primarily at the intersection of Grand Bay-Wilmer Road and US Highway 90, and at the intersection of Grand Bay-Wilmer Road and Interstate 10.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  3. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)".  
  4. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  6. ^ See, reference to one Mr. Cassibry and the cultivation of rice in and around Grand Bay as early as 1871, in The Culture of Rice on Pine Lands, January 18, 1871, Mobile Register, reproduced in Southern Farm and Home, Vol. 2, p. 328, found online at http://books.google.com/books?id=RxIbAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA8-PA329&dq=cassibry+grand+bay+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=cassibry%20grand%20bay%20alabama&f=false
  7. ^ See, Tuomey, A. M., Second Biennial Report on the Geology of Alabama, (N. B. Cloud, State Printer, 1858), showing a detailed survey of the geological features of the region, online at http://books.google.com/books?id=8GTPAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA148&dq=grand+bay+land+company+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  8. ^ And see, DeBow's Review and Industrial Resources, Statistics, Vol. XXVII, (1859) p.595, detailing resources available in the area, found online at http://books.google.com/books?id=kicoAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA595&dq=grand+bay+lumber+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=grand%20bay%20lumber%20alabama&f=false
  9. ^ See, Andrews, Christopher Columbus, History of The Campaign of Mobile, (New York: Van Nostrand Co., 1889), pp.19-20 online at http://books.google.com/books?id=lOSHxLOy-8QC&pg=PA19&dq=granger+grand+bay+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  10. ^ a b http://www.grandbay.org/History.htm
  11. ^ See article entitled, Gulf Coast Country, in The National Magazine, May-Sept. 1911, p. 428 found online at http://books.google.com/books?id=5kUPAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA432&dq=turpentine+grand+bay+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=turpentine%20grand%20bay%20alabama&f=false
  12. ^ See Harper, Roland McMillian, Economic Botany of Alabama,(University of Alabama Press, 1913), pp. 170-171 showing photos of clearcut area typical of the region on-line at http://books.google.com/books?id=RKTPAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA170&dq=grand+bay+land+company+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  13. ^ See, Forty Miles of Fertile Country Wherein Exist Great Opportunities for Homemaking, North & South May 1905 online at http://books.google.com/books?id=0k1t1w5vXQAC&pg=RA1-PA10&dq=turpentine+grand+bay+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=turpentine%20grand%20bay%20alabama&f=false
  14. ^ For a description of the Western Union telegraph service at Grand Bay, See, Western Union Telegraphic Co. v. Henderson, (89 Alabama 510, Nov. 1889) found online at http://books.google.com/books?id=9xg8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA148&dq=western+union+v.+henderson#v=onepage&q=western%20union%20v.%20henderson&f=false
  15. ^ See, Description of Grand Bay Drug Co. business in Parker-Blake v. Ladd, 70 So. 188 (1915), found online at http://books.google.com/books?id=4mILAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA189&dq=drug+store+grand+bay+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  16. ^ See, State of Alabama records regarding founding of Grand Bay State Bank, at http://arc-sos.state.al.us/cgi/corpdetail.mbr/detail?corp=749211&page=name&file=
  17. ^ See, Statement of Condition of Grand Bay Bank, 1917, Annual Report of the Superintendent of Banks for the State of Alabama for the year 1917, p.64, found online at http://books.google.com/books?id=uwYSAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA6-PA64&dq=statement+state+bank+of+grand+bay+alabama&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  18. ^ See, Ballard, Gussie Alexander, Remember Our Yesterdays,Pelican Publishing Company, New Orleans, (1960)
  19. ^ http://www.cogongrass.org/conference07/miller1.pdf
  20. ^ See, National Register of Historic Places online at http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/al/Mobile/districts.html
  21. ^ See photos online at http://www.al.com/press-register/photos/gallery.ssf?cgi-bin/view_gallery.cgi/bama/view_gallery.ata?g_id=1942
  22. ^ http://www.grandbay.org/GrandBayCommunityCenter.htm

External links

  • Community website
  • Census Bureau information on the Mobile metropolitan area

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.