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Geological Survey of Canada

Geological Survey of Canada
Commission géologique du Canada
Agency overview
Formed 1842
Jurisdiction Government of Canada
Headquarters Ottawa, Ontario
Employees 600
Annual budget CAD $70 million
Minister responsible
Agency executives
  • Daniel Lebel, Director General - Atlantic and Western Canada Branch
  • Donna Kirkwood, Director General - Central and Northern Canada Branch

The Geological Survey of Canada (GSC; French: Commission géologique du Canada (CGC) is a branch of the Earth Sciences Sector of Natural Resources Canada. The GSC is responsible for performing geological surveys of the country, developing Canada's natural resources and protecting the environment. The GSC is the country's oldest scientific agency and one of its first government organizations.


  • History 1
  • Programs and activities 2
    • Seismograph Network 2.1
    • Geomagnetic monitoring 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


In September 1841, the Province of Canada legislature passed a resolution that authorized the sum of £1,500 sterling be granted to the government for the estimated expense of performing a geological survey of the province. In 1842, the Geological Survey of Canada was formed to fulfill this request.[1]

The First Canadian Pacific R.R. and Geological Survey parties for British Columbia, July 22, 1871. Photographer: Benjamin F Baltzy. Courtesy: Toronto Public Library Digital Collections

  • Life of a Rock Star
  • 1935 Dr. Alfred Jolliffe, Geological Survey of Canada NWT Historical Timeline, Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre
  • Sir William E. Logan and the Geological Survey of Canada, including Logan's journals, scrapbook and photographs

External links

  • Zaslow, Morris (1975). Reading the Rocks : the story of the Geological Survey of Canada, 1842-1972. Toronto/Ottawa:  
  1. ^ a b c Christy Vodden (1992), No Stone Unturned: The First 150 years of the Geological Survey of Canada, Geological Survey of Canada Web site
  2. ^ : "Logan, Sir William Edmond"Dictionary of Canadian Biography
  3. ^ Pauline MacDonald and Rosemarie Pleasant (2004), 150 Years Of Library Service, Natural Resources Canada website.
  4. ^ Geomagnetism - Magnetic Observatories


See also

The Geological Survey Canada operates a network of 14 magnetic observatories throughout Canada, located as follows:[4]

Geomagnetic monitoring

The Canadian National Seismograph Network is monitored by the Geological Survey of Canada.

Seismograph Network

Geological Survey of Canada building, Ottawa

Programs and activities


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