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Title: Gallo-Romance  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Catalan language, Romance languages, Palatalization, Venetian language, Langues d'oïl, Comte, Eburones, Late Latin, Gallo, Monégasque dialect
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


France, Northern Italy, Channel Islands, parts of Belgium and Switzerland
Linguistic classification: Indo-European

The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes French (and the other langues d'oïl), the Occitano-Romance subgroup (which includes Occitan and Catalan),[1][2] Franco-Provençal, and the Gallo-Italic languages.[3] Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts eight languages: Catalan and Provençal (if not in Iberian Romance), Gascon, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.[4]

Traditional geographical extension

Historically, various Gallo-Romance languages were spoken in France, except for some outlying regions (Corsica, western Brittany, the Basque Country, parts of Flanders, Alsace and part of Lorraine); the Wallonia region of Belgium; the Romandy region of western Switzerland; the Channel Islands; the Eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula; and in Northern Italy.[5]

Today, a single Gallo-Romance language (French) dominates most of this geographic region (including the formerly non-Romance areas of France), and has also spread overseas. Another, Franco-Provençal, is still commonly spoken in Italy's Aosta Valley. Conversely, English (a Germanic, rather than Romance, language) is now predominant in the Channel Islands.

General characteristics

See the Romance languages article for a description of the characteristics of Gallo-Romance.


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