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Fructuosus

Saint Fructuosus of Tarragona
Detail of a Romanesque mural of Saint Fructuosus at Bierge, Huesca
Bishop and Martyr
Born unknown
Died 259
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Orthodox Catholic Church, Anglican Church
Feast January 21

Saint Fructuosus of Tarragona (Catalan: Sant Fructuós (died 259) was a bishop and Christian saint and martyr, the outstanding name in the early history of Christianity in Hispania. He was bishop of Tarragona and was arrested during the persecutions of Christians under the Roman Emperor Valerian (reigned 253 – 260). Along with him were two deacons, St. Augurius and St. Eulogius. In 259, he was questioned by the praeses Aemilianus and burned at the stake in the local amphitheatre in Tarragona. The Acta of the martyrdom of the bishop Fructuosus and his deacons Augurius and Eulogius document his legend; they are the earliest Hispanic Acta, "marked by a realistic simplicity which contrasts very favourably with many of the Acta of Diocletian's persecution".[1]

Acta

The text documents the following details. St. Fructuosus, and his deacons were just going to bed when they were arrested. They were examined, at which point they affirmed their belief in the Christian God. They were then sentenced to be burnt. Officers were posted to prevent any sort of disturbance breaking out. They were not completely successful, though, and near the gate of the amphitheatre some of the Christians were able to get close to Fructuosus, and one of them asked him for his prayers. St. Fructuosus replied, in a voice loud enough for everyone to hear, "I am bound to bear in mind the whole universal Church from east to west." He then added some words of consolation and encouragement to the assembled. As the flames rose and enveloped the martyrs, they stretched out their arms, praying to their God until they died.

His Acta are referred to in a hymn by Prudentius and praised and extensively quoted by Augustine of Hippo. The historical list of the bishops of Tarragona, therefore, begins with Fructuosus.

St Fructuosus' feast day is January 21.

References

  1. ^ "Fructuosus"s.v.: A Dictionary of Christian Biography and LiteratureHenry Wace,
  • Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.

External links

  • St. FructuosusCatholic Encyclopedia:
  • Saint of the Day, January 21
  • : "Fructuosus"A Dictionary of Christian Biography and LiteratureHenry Wace,
  • "Sts. Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius – A Bishop and His Two Deacons, Martyrs": excerpts of Prudentius' hymn
  • Butler's Lives of the Saints: St. Fructuosus, Bishop of Tarragona, Martyr, pg. 137
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