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First Information Report

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Title: First Information Report  
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First Information Report

A First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan when they receive about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offense or by someone on his or her behalf, but anyone can make such a report either orally or in writing to the police.

For a non cognizable offense a Community Service Register is created & registered.

FIR is an important document because it sets the process of criminal justice in motion. It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police take up investigation of the case. Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offence, including police officers, can file an FIR.

As described in law,

  • When information about the commission of a cognizable offence is given orally, the police must write it down.
  • The person giving information or making a complaint has a right to demand that the information recorded by the police be read to him or her.
  • Once the information has been recorded by the police, it must be signed by the person giving the information.


  • In India 1
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4

In India

In India, after an FIR has been filed the contents of the FIR cannot be changed except by a ruling from the High Court or the Supreme Court of India.[1][2]


  1. ^ * "Quashing of F.I.R – Inherent Powers of High court". Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  2. ^ "High Courts can quash FIRs : Supreme Court" (PDF). Retrieved February 20, 2012. 

Further reading

  • "First Information Report". Criminal Justice and Supreme court. Allied Publishers. 2005. pp. 5–19.  
  • R. Deb (2002). "Police Investigations: A Review". In P. J. Alexander. Policing India in the New Millennium. Allied Publishers. p. 120.  
  • Maneka Gandhi, Ozair Husain, Raj Panjwani (2006). "How to file an FIR". Animal Laws of India. Universal Law Publishing Co. p. 795.  
  • Sunil Goel. Courts Police Authorities & Common Man. srishti books. pp. 95–97. 

External links

  • Complete information about what an FIR is, who can file it, rights of people, etc. (PDF format)
  • "Spread Law Topics : Law on FIR in India". Spread Law. Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  • "FAQs about filing an FIR in India". Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  • Procedure of filing an FIR in India
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