World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Falls of Clyde (waterfalls)


Falls of Clyde (waterfalls)

Falls of Clyde
Corra Linn in full spate
Location New Lanark, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
Total height 84 feet
Number of drops 4
Watercourse River Clyde

The Falls of Clyde is the collective name of four linn (charity. Stonebyres Linn is located several miles downstream from the reserve and New Lanark.


  • History 1
  • Falls of Clyde Site of Special Scientific Interest 2
  • Hydro-electric power 3
  • Clyde Walkway 4
  • Photograph gallery 5
  • See also 6
  • Maps 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


The area has not long been a popular destination for visitors. The Wordsworths, Coleridge and Sir Walter Scott all visited the Falls. In 1812, William Wordsworth immortalised Corra Linn, the largest of the waterfalls, in verse. Corra Linn has also been painted by a number of artists, including J. M. W. Turner. The name comes from the Gaelic 'currach', a marshy place. A legend gives 'Cora' as a daughter of King Malcolm II, who leapt to her death here whilst trying to escape imagined danger.[1]

Near Corra Linn is the Pavilion, built by Sir John Carmichael of Bonnington, probably in 1708. The Pavilion had mirrors on its back wall, and when the doors were opened visitors had the illusion of standing beneath the falls. The 15th-century Corra Castle is next to Corra Linn. It is now home to a family of rare bats. Corra is Gaelic for "weir", and as Corra Castle's early history is vague, some historians believe it was an early possession of the Weirs, the principle landowning family in the County after the dukes of Hamilton from the 13th to 19th centuries. Corehouse, built in 1844, the home of the Cranstoun family, is nearby. At Stonebyres Linn the ruins of 15th-century Stonebyres Castle may be seen.

Falls of Clyde Site of Special Scientific Interest

Falls of Clyde
formerly the Corehouse Nature Reserve
The natural amphitheatre at the base of Corra Linn.
Map showing the location of Falls of Clyde
Location of the Falls of Clyde within South Lanarkshire, Scotland
Location South Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Nearest city Lanark
Established 1960s: The Corehouse Nature Reserve is established by Colonel Cranstoun of Corehouse
1971: Falls of Clyde is designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest
2007: The Falls of Clyde is amalgamated into the Clyde Valley Woodlands National Nature Reserve [2][3]
Governing body Scottish Wildlife Trust

The Falls of Clyde Site of Special Scientific Interest (formerly the Corehouse Nature Reserve), a part of the Clyde Valley Woodlands National Nature Reserve, is an area of mixed woodland, including semi-natural native oakwoods and some areas of conifer plantation. It provides suitable habitat for badgers, roe deer, and over 100 species of bird. The site is well known for its resident breeding pair of peregrine falcons, which are protected during the breeding season by Operation Peregrine, providing security for the birds and a chance for the public to view the birds through scopes and CCTV. On 22 October 2011 at 1500 GMT a very rare pine marten was spotted within the reserve and was photographed. Within the reserve the Clyde River is suitable habitat for otters and kingfishers as well as the protected brook lamprey.

The Falls of Clyde Visitor Centre, operated by the Scottish Wildlife Trust, features exhibits about the waterfalls, the woodland and the area animals, including a special bat display.

Hydro-electric power

The Lanark Hydro Electric Scheme is situated between Corra Linn and Dundaff Linn, with a water inlet at Bonnington Linn. This plant was built in 1927 and was the first hydro-electric power station in Scotland. It generates approximately eleven megawatts of power. Another hydro-electric power station is situated near Stonebyres Linn, about three miles south of Corra Linn. This generates approximately six megawatts of power. Both stations are owned and operated by Scottish Power.

Clyde Walkway

The Clyde walkway long distance path passes all four falls and ends at Bonnington Linn.

Photograph gallery

See also


Annotated map of Lanark, New Lanark and Falls of Clyde


  1. ^ Westwood, Jennifer and Kingshill, Jennifer (2009). The Lore of Scotland. A Guide to Scottish Legends. London : Random House. ISBN 978-1-905211-62-3. p. 176
  2. ^ Blow, Stephen (January 2010). "The Falls of Clyde Wildlife Reserve Management Plan 2009 - 2019" (PDF). Scottish Wildlife Trust. p. 2. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Story of the Clyde Valley Woodlands National Nature Reserve" (PDF). Scotland's National Nature Reserves. Scottish National Heritage. 2010. pp. i. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 

Historical Tours in the Clyde Valley. Published by the Clyde Valley Tourist Association and the Lanark & District Archaeological Association. Printed by Robert MacLehose and Company Limited, Renfrew, Scotland. 1982.

External links

  • Falls of Clyde Wildlife Reserve
  • Visitor Center
  • Lanark Hydro-electric Scheme
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.