World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000916440
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eutelsat  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Spacebus satellites, List of satellites in geosynchronous orbit, Satmex, Hot Bird, Ultra-high-definition television
Collection: Communications Satellite Operators
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Eutelsat S.A.
Traded as Euronext: ETL
Industry Satellite communication
Founded 1977
Headquarters Paris, France
Key people
Michel de Rosen (CEO)

Eutelsat S.A. is a French-based satellite provider. Providing coverage over the entire European continent, as well as the Middle East, Africa, India and significant parts of Asia and the Americas, it is one of the world's three leading satellite operators in terms of revenues.

Eutelsat's satellites are used for broadcasting 5,800 television stations, of which 600 are in HD, and 1100 radio stations to over 250 million cable and satellite homes. They also serve requirements for TV contribution services, corporate networks, mobile communications, Internet backbone connectivity and broadband access for terrestrial, maritime and in-flight applications. Eutelsat is headquartered in Paris. Eutelsat Communications Chairman and Chief executive officer is currently Michel de Rosen.[1] However, Eutelsat announced on October 19, 2015 that Rodolphe Belmer, CEO of Groupe Canal+, will succeed de Rosen as CEO on March 1, 2016.[2]

Its main craft have traditionally operated from four positions, each separated by three degrees of the Clarke belt - 7, 10, 13 and 16°E; although more positions are now operated.


  • History 1
  • Services 2
  • Satellites 3
    • Planned future satellites 3.1
    • Rented capacity 3.2
    • Former satellites 3.3
  • Bibliography 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


European Telecommunications Satellite Organization membership

The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) was originally set up in 1977 as an intergovernmental organisation (IGO) to develop and operate a satellite-based telecommunications infrastructure for Europe. In 1982 Eutelsat decided to start operations of its first TV-channel (Sky Channel or Sky 1) on the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS) in cooperation with ESA (The European Space Agency). This was the first satellite based direct-to-home TV-channel launched in Europe. In 1983 Eutelsat launched its first satellite to be used for telecommunications and TV distribution

Initially established to address satellite telecommunications demand in Western Europe, Eutelsat rapidly developed its infrastructure to expand coverage to additional services (i.e. TV) and markets, such as Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, and the Middle East, the African continent, and large parts of Asia and the Americas from the 1990s.

Eutelsat was the first satellite operator in Europe to broadcast television channels direct-to-home. It developed its premium neighbourhood of five Hot Bird satellites in the mid-1990s to offer capacity that would be able to attract hundreds of channels to the same orbital location, appealing to widespread audiences for consumer satellite TV.

With the general liberalisation of the telecommunications sector in Europe, the IGO’s operations and activities were transferred to a private company called Eutelsat S.A. in July 2001.

In April 2005, the principal shareholders of Eutelsat S.A. grouped their investment in a new entity (Eutelsat Communications), which is now the holding company of the Group owning 95.2% of Eutelsat S.A. on October 6, 2005. Currently it owns 96.0% of Eutelsat S.A. [3]

On January 2 Eutelsat Communications announced closure of the transaction to acquire 100% of the share capital of Satélites Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V. (“Satmex”) having obtained all required government and regulatory approvals. As previously communicated, the transaction amounts to 831 million$. Based in Mexico, Satmex operates three satellites at contiguous positions, 113° West (Satmex 6), 114.9° West (Satmex 5) and 116.8° West (Satmex 8) that cover 90% of the population of the Americas.


Video Applications Professional Data Networks Broadband Services
Direct broadcasting of TV and radio Private networks IP backbone connectivity
Cable distribution Data broadcasting Virtual Private Networks
Satellite newsgathering Business TV, videoconferencing Broadband Internet access on ground, at sea, in-flight
Programme exchanges Mobile services (messaging,


Multicasting and IP content distribution


1/10 scale mockup of an Eutelsat W3 satellite, a Spacebus 4000C3 Image does NOT show W3B (for comparison actual W3B photo)

Eutelsat commercializes capacity on 38 satellites located in geosynchronous orbit between 116 degrees West and 172 degrees East.

On 1 March 2012, Eutelsat changed the names of its satellites. The group's satellites mostly take the Eutelsat name, with the relevant figure for their orbital position and a letter indicating their order of arrival at that position.

On 21 May 2014, Eutelsat Americas (formerly Satmex) aligned its satellite names with the Eutelsat brand.[4]

Satellite COSPAR id Location Regions served Launch Comments
Eutelsat 3B 3°E Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Brazil 2014/05/26 Entered service in July[5]
Eutelsat 7A 2004-008A 7°E Europe, Middle East, Africa 2004/03/16 Formerly named Eutelsat W3A until March 2012
Eutelsat 7B 7°E Europe, Middle East, Africa 2013/05/14
Eutelsat 9A [6] 2006-007B 9°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2006/03/11 Formerly named Eurobird 9A until March 2012; former Hot Bird 7A satellite
Eutelsat KA-SAT [7][8] 2010-069A 9°E Europe 2010/12/26
Eutelsat 10A 2009-016A 10°E Europe, Africa, Middle East 2009/04/03 Formerly named Eutelsat W2A until March 2012; S-band payload not yet entered into service due to an anomaly.[9] Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim and should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.[10]
Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B [11] 2001-011A 13°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2006/08/05 Formerly named Hot Bird 8 until March 2012
Eutelsat Hot Bird 13C 2008-065D 13°E Europe, Africa, Middle East 2008/12/20 Formerly named Hot Bird 9 until March 2012
Eutelsat Hot Bird 13D 2009-008B 13°E Europe, South-West Asia 2009/02/12 Formerly Hot Bird 10 and Atlantic Bird 4A [12]
Eutelsat 16A 2011-057A 16°E Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Ocean Islands 2011/10/07 Formerly named Eutelsat W3C until March 2012
Eutelsat 16C 2000-019A 16°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Asia 2000/04/18 Formerly named SESAT 1 until March 2012; operating in inclined orbit
Eutelsat 21B 2012-062B 21.5°E Europe, Middle East, North Africa, West Africa, Central Asia 2012/11/10 Fully operational since 2012-12-19.[13]
Eutelsat 25B 25.5°E North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia 2013
Eutelsat 31A 2003-043A 31°E Europe 2003/09/27 Formerly named Eurobird and Eutelsat 33A
Eutelsat 33C [14] 2001-011A 33°E Europe 2001/03/08 Satellite is currently being redeployed at 33 degrees East where it will be co-located with EUTELSAT 33B. Formerly named Eurobird 1 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 28A until July 2015
Eutelsat 36A 2000-028A 36°E Africa, Russia 2000/05/24 Formerly named Eutelsat W4 until March 2012
Eutelsat 36B 2009-065A 36°E Europe, Africa, Middle East, Russia 2009/11/24 Formerly named Eutelsat W7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 48A 1996-067A 48°E Central Europe, Middle East, Central Asia 1996/11/21 Formerly named Eutelsat W48 until March 2012; former Hot Bird 2 and Eurobird 9 satellite; operating in inclined orbit
Eutelsat 48D 2008-065B 48°E Afghanistan, Central Asia 2008/12/20 Co-branded AFGHANSAT 1. Formerly named Eutelsat 28B until January 2014, Eutelsat 48B until August 2012, W2M until March 2012[15]
Eutelsat 70B 2012-069A 70.5°E Europe, Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South East Asia, Australia 2012/12/03
Eutelsat 172A 2005-052A 172°E Asia-Pacific 2005/12/29 Formerly the GE-23 satellite
Eutelsat 5 West A 2002-035A 5°W Europe, Americas, Africa 2002/07/05 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 3 until March 2012, was also called Stellat 5
Eutelsat 7 West A 2011-051A 7°W Middle East, North Africa 2011/09/24 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West A 2001-042A 8°W Europe, Middle East, Americas 2001/09/25 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 2 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West B 8°W Africa, Middle East August 2015
Eutelsat 8 West C [16] 2002-038A 8°W Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2002/08/21 Formerly named Hot Bird 6 until March 2012
Eutelsat 12 West A 2002-040A 12.5°W Europe, Middle East, Americas 2002/08/28 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 1 until March 2012
Eutelsat 113 West A 113°W Americas 2006 Formerly Satmex 6 until May 2014
Eutelsat 115 West A 114.8°W Americas 1998 Formerly Satmex 5 until May 2014
Eutelsat 117 West A 116.8°W Americas 2013 Formerly Satmex 8 until May 2014

Planned future satellites

Satellite Location Regions served Launch Comments
Eutelsat 9B 9°E Europe 2015
Eutelsat 115 West B 114.9°W Americas 2015 Ordered by Satmex as Satmex 7 The satellite is schedueled for entry into service in November 2015.[17]
Eutelsat 117 West B 116.8°W Americas 2015 Ordered by Satmex as Satmex 9
Eutelsat 36C 36°E Russia, Africa 2015
Eutelsat 65 West A 65°W Americas 2016

Rented capacity

Satellite Location Regions served Launch
EUTELSAT 28E 28.2°E Europe 2013/09/29
EUTELSAT 28F 28.2°E Europe 2012/09/28
EUTELSAT 28G 28.2°E Europe 2014/12/27
Express AT1 56°E Europe, Asia 2014/03/16
Express AT2 140°E Europe, Asia 2014/03/16
SESAT 2 15°W Europe, Americas 1999/19/10
Telstar 12 53°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Asia 2003/12/29

Former satellites

Satellite COSPAR id Primary position Launched Inclined Retired Lost Comments
Eutelsat 1F1 13°E 1983 1989 1996 N/A
Eutelsat 1F2 7°E 1984 1990 1993 N/A
Eutelsat 1F4 7/13°E 1987 1993 2002 N/A
Eutelsat 1F5 10°E 1988 1994 2000 N/A
Eutelsat 2F1 13°E 1990 1999 2003 N/A
Eutelsat 2F2 10°E 1991 2000 2005 N/A
Eutelsat 2F3 16°E 1991 2000 2004 N/A
Eutelsat 2F4 7°E 1992 2001 2003 N/A
Hot Bird 1 13°E 1995 2006 2007 2012
Eutelsat W2 1998-056A 16°E 1998 N/A 2010 N/A
Eutelsat W3B [18] 2010-056A 16°E 2010 N/A 2010 N/A
Eutelsat W75 1997-049A 4°E 1997 N/A 2011 N/A Former Hot Bird 3 and Eurobird 4 satellite
Eurobird 4A 2000-052A 4°E 2000 N/A 2012 N/A Former Eutelsat W1 satellite
Eutelsat 4B 1998-057A 4°E 1998 2014 Formerly named Eurobird 2 until March 2012, now at 4E and called Eutelsat 4B
Eutelsat 16B 1998-013A 16°E 1998 2015 N/A Formerly named Eurobird 16 until March 2012; former Atlantic Bird 4 and Hot Bird 4 satellite
Eutelsat 33B 2002-051A 33°E 2002 2015 Formerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels June 16, 2008[19] Now at 25E and called Eutelsat 25C


  • (French) (English) Guy Lebègue, (trad. Robert J. Amral), « Eutelsat II: OK For West-to-East Service! », in Revue aerospatiale, n°73, November 1990.


  1. ^ Eutelstat: Management Biographies 
  2. ^ Eutelsat: Rodolphe Belmer to succeed Michel de Rosen as CEO of Eutelsat Communications on 1 March 2016 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ EUTELSAT 3B satellite fully fired up at 3° East
  6. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-007B". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  7. ^ de Selding, Peter B. "Russian Rocket Launches Communications Satellite". Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Jonathan Amos (26 December 2010). "Ka-Sat net-dedicated spacecraft lifts off". BBC News. 
  9. ^ [8], [9], [10]
  10. ^ [11], [12], [13]
  11. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2001-011A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  12. ^ [14]
  13. ^ Paoli-Lebailly, Pascale. "Eutelsat 21B satellite in full commercial service". Rapid TV News. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-032A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  15. ^ Broadband TV News, In orbit failure for Eutelsat W2 replacement
  16. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2002-038A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  17. ^
  18. ^ Spaceflight Now Eutelsat declares craft total loss after propellant leak
  19. ^ "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Eutelsat W5". Thales. 2008-09-03. 

External links

  • Eutelsat
  • Tooway, Eutelsat's consumer broadband service

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.