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Ernst Kühl

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Title: Ernst Kühl  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Wilhelm Antrup, Walter Storp, Hans Thurner, Heinrich Höfer, 5th Air Division (Germany)
Collection: 1888 Births, 1972 Deaths, Commanders Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, German Military Personnel of World War I, German Prisoners of War, German World War II Pilots, Luftwaffe Pilots, Military Personnel Referenced in the Wehrmachtbericht, People from the Province of Silesia, People from Wrocław, Recipients of the Clasp to the Iron Cross, 1St Class, Recipients of the Gold German Cross, Recipients of the Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918, Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Recipients of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, World War II Prisoners of War Held by the United Kingdom
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ernst Kühl

Dr. jur. Ernst Kühl
Born 18 March 1888
Died 2 February 1972(1972-02-02) (aged 83)
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1928)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Deutsches Heer (1910–1918)
Reichswehr (1918–28)
Luftwaffe (1936–45)
Years of service 1910–28
Rank Oberst der Reserves
Unit Kampfgeschwader 55
Commands held Kampfgeschwader 55
3. Flieger-Division
5. Flieger-Division

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Dr. jur. Ernst Kühl[Note 1] (24 October 1888 – 2 February 1972) was a highly decorated Oberst der Reserves in the Luftwaffe during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Ernst Kühl was captured by British troops in May 1945 in Norway. He was held until September 1947.


  • Awards and decorations 1
    • References in the Wehrmachtbericht 1.1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Awards and decorations

References in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
11 April 1944 Fliegende Verbände unter Führung von Oberst Kühl und ein Flakregiment unter Oberstleutnant Bulla zeichneten sich besonders aus.[4] Flying units under the leadership of Oberst Kühl and an anti aircraft regiment under Oberstleutnant Bulla distinguished themselves exceptionally.


  1. ^ In German a Doctor of Law is abbreviated as Dr. iur. (Doctor iuris) or Dr. jur. (Doctor juris).


  1. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 422.
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 227.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 65.
  4. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 78.
  • Kaiser, Jochen (2010). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kampfflieger—Band 1 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Bomber Fliers—Volume 1] (in German and English). Bad Zwischenahn, Germany: Luftfahrtverlag-Start.  
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.  
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.  
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985.  

External links

  • Eichenlaubträger (German)
  • Lexikon der Wehrmacht (German)
  • World War 2
Military offices
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Benno Kosch
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 55
27 August 1942 – 7 August 1943
Succeeded by
Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Antrup
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Alexander Holle
Commander of Fliegerführer Nord (Ost)
August 1943 – February 1944
Succeeded by
Oberst Hermann Busch
Preceded by
reformed from V. Fliegerkorps
Commander of 5. Flieger Division (1944–1945)
19 December 1944 – 31 January 1945
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Walter Storp
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